Thirty years ago, Icelanders drank beer legally for the first time in more than a generation.
On Friday, the country celebrated the anniversary of the end of a long ban on beer. Fittingly, the celebration is called "Beer Day."
The drink was outlawed in Iceland for 74 years. All other alcohol remained legal, however.
The beer ban finally ended on March 1, 1989.
The ban was left over from the country's prohibition days, which began in 1915 after the population voted in a referendum to outlaw all alcohol.
The ban partly ended just seven years later out of economic need. Spain refused to buy Iceland's largest export, fish, unless Iceland bought Spanish wines.
Prohibition ended in another national referendum in 1933, by a very small majority. In an effort to keep the peace, Iceland's parliament decided to continue to ban beer.
Historian Stefan Palsson is a beer lover who works part-time at a brewery-based "School of Beer." He said that back in 1933, Icelanders did not care much about beer.
They drank in order to become drunk and beer wasn't really efficient for that, Palsson said.
Alcohol abuse remains a problem in Iceland. One in 10 Icelandic men over the age of 15 have been to alcoholism treatment at least once, the country's leading addiction treatment center, SAA, says.
Most Icelanders agree with strong government restrictions on alcohol sales to reduce alcoholism. All alcohol —including beer — is only sold at government-run stores that have high taxes.
A drinker can also, of course, just go to a bar, where a pint of beer usually costs about 1,100 krona ($9).
Icelanders' opinions of beer began changing in the 1970s, when more of them started traveling to sunny European beach communities and enjoying the drink.
The call for beer of their own became strong. Yet even by 1988, many people were against ending the beer ban, including some politicians.
Steingrimur Sigfusson is parliamentary speaker. He recalls that, at the time, there was a real fear of change. Many thought hundreds of bars would open for beer-drinkers and change society for the worse.
Sigfusson himself voted against ending the ban. He still defends the country's restrictive alcohol policies that aim to limit alcohol abuse or under-age drinking.
The worst-case predictions never came true, but underage drinking did increase, he said.
When the ban finally ended exactly 30 years ago, all four bars in Iceland's capital, Reykjavik, were full of happy drinkers. In one day, Iceland's 260,000 people bought 340,000 cans of beer at government-run alcohol stores.
Hreindis Ylva was born the day the ban ended. She celebrated her 30th birthday Friday with friends in Reykjavik. But she was not drinking any beer.
The taste is not for me, Ylva said.
I'm Susan Shand.
1. leave... over 留下……
The only reasonable interpretation is that this background is radiation left over from an early hot and dense state.
2. refuse to do sth 拒绝做某事
But what about those who refuse to comprehend the present?
周五，冰岛庆祝长期啤酒禁令结束的纪念日 。应景的是，这一天叫做“啤酒日” 。
74年来，啤酒在冰岛都是非法禁止的 。不过，其他酒精都是合法的 。
这次禁令是冰岛此前禁令留下的根儿 。之前的禁令始于1915年，当时民众进行公投决定将所有酒精列为禁品 。
但该禁令的部分禁品在仅7年后就因为经济需求而解除了 。西班牙拒绝购买冰岛最大的出口品——鱼类，除非冰岛购置西班牙的酒类 。
1933年，禁令在又一次全国性公投中得到了缓解，不过是以微弱的优势 。为了保持和平，冰岛议会决定继续实行禁酒令 。
历史学家斯蒂芬是酒类爱好者，他在啤酒厂——啤酒学校做兼职 。他表示，1933年的时候，冰岛人都不关心啤酒 。
酗酒在冰岛依然是个问题 。15岁以上的人种有1/10的人曾有过酗酒的经历，都曾去过冰岛知名的酒瘾治疗中心（SAA） 。
大多数冰岛人都认为政府应该严格限制酒类销售，以减少酗酒的情况发生 。所有酒精——包括啤酒——只在政府经营的商店出售，而这里的税费很高 。
冰岛人对啤酒的呼吁开始变强 。不过，直到1988年的时候，很多人依然反对结束禁酒令，其中不乏一些政客 。
斯葛福森是议会的议员 。他回忆道，那时候，大家都很惧怕改变 。很多人认为，上百家酒吧是为酒徒开设的，会让社会每况愈下 。
斯葛福森本人也对结束禁酒令的建议投了反对票 。时至今日，斯葛福森依然支持冰岛采取限制酒精的政策，旨在限制酗酒或者未成年人饮酒 。
禁酒令终于在30年前结束了，而冰岛首都雷克雅维克的4家酒吧到处都是欢腾雀跃的饮酒者 。有一天，冰岛的26万人民在政府经营的酒类商店购置了34万罐啤酒 。
于尔娃是在禁酒令撤销那天出生的 。她跟自己在雷克雅维克的朋友们庆祝了自己30岁的生日，那一天是星期五 。但它不再饮酒 。
Susan Shand为您播报 。