US Military Releases Its Artificial Intelligence Strategy
The American military wants to expand its use of artificial intelligence, or AI, for war. But it says the technology will be deployed in respect to the nation's values.
The United States Defense Department released its first AI strategy this week.
The strategy calls for increasing the use of AI systems throughout the military, from decision-making to predicting problems in planes or ships. It urges the military to provide AI training to change "its culture, skills and approaches." And it supports investment and partnership with education and industry in AI research.
The military report calls for the U.S. to move quickly before other countries narrow America's technological lead. It says, "Other nations, particularly China and Russia, are making significant investments in AI for military purposes...." It says some of those applications raise questions connected to international norms and human rights.
The report makes little mention of autonomous weapons. But it lists an existing 2012 military guidance that requires humans to be in control "over the use of force."
The U.S., Russia, Israel and South Korea are among the countries that have blocked a United Nations effort to ban autonomous weapons, also known as "killer robots." Such systems could one day carry out war without human intervention. The U.S. has argued that it is too early to try to restrict them.
The strategy released this week says the U.S. military will lead in honoring international and national law, supporting American values and strengthening U.S. partnerships with other nations.
The U.S. strategy report centers on more immediate applications. But some of those applications already have led to ethics debates within the U.S. Last year, Google withdrew from the military's Project Maven after Google employees protested the work. That project aims to use AI to study video images which could be used to direct drone strikes in conflict areas.
Other companies have stepped in and the U.S. military is working with AI experts to establish ethical guidelines for its applications.
Todd Probert is with Raytheon, a company working with the U.S. military on Maven and other weapons programs. He said the technology is used to speed up the decision-making process.
"Everything we've seen is with a human decision-maker in the loop," he said.
I'm Caty Weaver.
1.artificial intelligence 人工智能
They have made great progress in machine translation and artificial intelligence.
2.speed up 加速
He pushed a lever that speeded up the car.
3.centers on 集中于
The topic centers on the crisis in these two countries.
4.ethical guidelines 道德准则
In the United States, individual news organizations have adopted their own ethical guidelines.
5.But it says the technology will be deployed in respect to the nation's values.
in respect to 关于；涉及
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In respect to quality, I don't think that the goods of other products can compare with ours.
6.The U.S. has argued that it is too early to try to restrict them.
it is too early to 做...为时尚早
It is too early to talk of upward pressure on prices.
It is too early to say whether the numbers represent a long-term trend.
美国军方希望扩大人工智能技术（AI）在战争领域的应用 。不过它表示，人工智能技术将根据美国的价值观进行部署 。
该战略报告呼吁在整个军队中增加人工智能的应用，从决策到飞机或军舰的故障预测 。它敦促军方提供人工智能培训，以改变“其文化、技能以及手段 。”它还支持在人工智能研究领域进行教育和行业的投资与合作 。
这份军方战略报告呼吁，在其他国家赶超美国技术优势前迅速采取行动 。报告指出“其它国家大力投资人工智能技术用于军事目的，尤其是中国和俄罗斯 。”报告称，其中一些人工智能应用引发了与国际规范以及人权相关的问题 。
美国、俄罗斯、以色列和韩国是阻碍联合国禁止自主武器的国家之一，自主武器也被称为“杀人机器 。”这类系统未来可在人类不干涉的情况下进行战争 。美国辩称，现在限制它们为时过早 。
这份美国战略报告侧重于一些更直接的应用 。其中一些应用已经在美国引发了道德争议 。去年，谷歌公司在员工抗议后退出了军方的Maven项目 。该项目旨在利用人工智能技术研究视频图像，这些视频图像可用于指导无人机在冲突地区发动袭击 。
托德（Todd Probert）就职于雷神公司，该公司与美国军方合作开发Maven以及其它武器项目 。他说，这项技术用于加速决策过程 。