VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):特朗普为修墙而宣布国家紧急状态
日期:2019-02-17 16:56

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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American President Donald Trump on Friday declared a national emergency so that he can get the money needed to build a wall along the nation's border with Mexico.
The move is seen as a way to go around Congress. It is sure to face opposition from legislators.
Speaking from the White House, Trump said he is declaring the national emergency because of, in his words, an invasion of our country with drugs, with human traffickers, with all types of criminals and gangs.
Trump added that he is planning to use money from the military and other parts of the government to pay for the building of the wall.
As a presidential candidate, Trump often said that Mexico would pay for such a wall.
Acting White House Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney said the president will have access to roughly $8 billion worth of money that can be used to secure the southern border.
Trump had demanded $5.7 billion for the wall. But Congress, which is powered with making spending decisions, only provided $1.4 billion for barriers.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Democratic Leader Chuck Schumer quickly denounced the move as an unlawful declaration over a crisis that does not exist.
The two leaders released a joint statement while Trump was still giving his speech. They said, The President's actions clearly violate the Congress's exclusive power of the purse, which our Founders enshrined in the Constitution. The Congress will defend our constitutional authorities in the Congress, in the Courts, and in the public, using every remedy available.
Trump admitted that his declaration of a national emergency will face opposition in the courts. He said, Sadly, we'll be sued and sadly it will go through a process and happily we'll win.
The president defended his decision, saying other presidents have declared national emergencies in the past.
In 1976, Congress passed the National Emergency Act, which gave presidents special powers during a crisis. Congress can end a state of emergency with a joint resolution and the president's signature. If the president vetoes the resolution, Congress would need two-thirds of lawmakers to vote to end the declaration.
American presidents have declared national emergencies 59 times since 1976.
President Jimmy Carter made the declaration as Iran took American hostages in 1979. Ronald Reagan used the power to ban trade with Nicaragua in 1985.
In 1990, President George H.W. Bush blocked financial dealings with Iraq. In 1996, Bill Clinton used the power after two airplanes were shot down near Cuba. George W. Bush declared a national emergency after the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001.

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And President Barack Obama used the special power in 2011 to freeze the assets of Libyan leader Muammar Qadhafi.
Trump has declared national emergencies three other times: in December 2017 against Myanmar generals for their part in the Rohingya refugee crisis; in September 2018 against persons related to Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. presidential election; and in November 2018 after the Nicaraguan government acted against protesters.
But until Friday, no American president in history had used the power to get additional money to pay for projects without the support of Congress.
I'm Caty Weaver.

重点解析

1. because of 因为,由于

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There were fewer temporary engineers to plug in in that city because of low pay.
由于报酬低,该城市雇用得到的临时工程师就更少了,dBWn&(VkzUc#-lVTNYQ

2. pay for 为……支付

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We will not pay for your crisis.
我们不会为你们的危机付款G6,Bb,]b^_%m!

参考译文

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周五,美国总统特朗普宣布国家进入紧急状态,这样他就能获得所需的资金来建造美墨边境墙了Xldb=w2i(9Iu2IRw-GdL
此举被认为是可以绕过国会的方法,因为它必然会遭到国会议员们的反对sAzIMh,ps-7
在白宫发表讲话时,特拉光谱表示自己将宣布国家进入紧急状态,因为用他的话来说,有人用毒品、人贩子、各种罪犯和犯罪团伙来入侵我们的国家;YsN@q0=-M9Q#M
特朗普补充表示自己计划通过军队和政府一些机关的资金来建造边境墙n;M,&CQvl5Wl
在还是总统候选人的时候,特朗普经常说的一句话是:墨西哥应该为建造边境墙出资qLb+GGZ4Ke0xJJk
白宫代理幕僚长马瓦尼表示,特朗普总统将获得近80亿美元的资金,可以用来确保边境安全)wG_t4~|%64W)Mk
特朗普要求出资57亿元建造边境墙|WBDb37yJB[。但国会拥有财政支出的决定权,且国会只肯为建造边境墙提供14亿美元的资金uC.s&5MlFq&1,0E
众议院议长南希·佩洛西和参议院的民主党领袖查克·舒默迅速谴责特朗普此举为非法,即宣布子虚乌有的危机为实FO^,Qsk~jrxSe5;(-[]
这两位领导人发布了联合声明,当时特朗普还在做演讲BNL9vXFqme!!PakpC。这两人表示,特朗普的举动明显违背了国会掌控国家财力的独一无二的权力,而该权力是开国元勋们在宪法中规定的QPu.mFJ[(k,[=Z9。国会将捍卫宪法赋予国会、法院、公众的权力,竭尽全力做补救KEb9D,OV#72
特朗普承认自己宣布国家进入紧急状态的举动会遭受法院的反对isbnRnkaLxA_+^w8JR&O。他表示,很不幸,我们会被起诉;很不幸,我们会经历痛苦的过程;但所幸,我们一定会赢X4&[]NdxCPG*25@
特朗普为自己的决定正名,他表示,其他总统也曾有过宣布国家进入紧急状态的时候fZuSTmaz.fSG
1976年,国会通过了《国家紧急状态法》,赋予总统在危机时期的特殊权力upqxK^lXC7p2。国会可以结束国家紧急状态,只要有共同决议和总统的签字即可WQ7jbb7[_jt0JLzJ。如果总统反对决议通过,那么国会将需要2/3的议员投票通过,才能终结紧急状态497p~ApGG_b;
自1976年以来,美国各任总统曾59次宣布国家进入紧急状态3c;D5wGg;*z
吉米·卡特总统宣布之时,正值伊朗扣留了多名美国人质,那是1979年的事nVkC0(aYT;%I|2)。罗纳德·里根则在1985年动用了这项权力,目的是停止与尼加拉瓜的贸易往来TeyGbZoWj)
1990年,乔治·布什总统断绝了美国与伊拉克的贸易往来4e;e(8xn8oL。1996年,比尔·克林顿动用了这项权力,因为2架美国飞机在古巴附近被击中坠落PdW2lzOwE5!1^h|e5VTg。乔治·布什布什在9/11恐袭后就宣布国家进入了紧急状态mZ+wep!sFw8a
巴拉克·奥巴马总统动用了这项特殊的权力,那是2011年,他当时是为了冻结利比亚头目卡扎菲的资产SfzKe09^^uzzFSP
除了这次以外,特朗普还有3次宣布进入紧急状态的经历:2017年12月的那次是为了反对缅甸将军参与到罗兴亚族难民的危机之中;2018年9月的那次是反对与俄罗斯干预2016年总统大选有关的人;2018年11月的那次是因为尼加拉瓜政府对抗议示威者采取暴力行动B,eb&|xW7)6I9
但直到本周五为止,美国历史上还没有哪位总统是通过该权力来获取额外的项目资金的,而且是在国会不支持的情况下8F%NCv-OxJ*fO
卡蒂·韦弗为您播报pr;YJ@n_40ST

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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