American President Donald Trump on Friday declared a national emergency so that he can get the money needed to build a wall along the nation's border with Mexico.
The move is seen as a way to go around Congress. It is sure to face opposition from legislators.
Speaking from the White House, Trump said he is declaring the national emergency because of, in his words, an invasion of our country with drugs, with human traffickers, with all types of criminals and gangs.
Trump added that he is planning to use money from the military and other parts of the government to pay for the building of the wall.
As a presidential candidate, Trump often said that Mexico would pay for such a wall.
Acting White House Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney said the president will have access to roughly $8 billion worth of money that can be used to secure the southern border.
Trump had demanded $5.7 billion for the wall. But Congress, which is powered with making spending decisions, only provided $1.4 billion for barriers.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Democratic Leader Chuck Schumer quickly denounced the move as an unlawful declaration over a crisis that does not exist.
The two leaders released a joint statement while Trump was still giving his speech. They said, The President's actions clearly violate the Congress's exclusive power of the purse, which our Founders enshrined in the Constitution. The Congress will defend our constitutional authorities in the Congress, in the Courts, and in the public, using every remedy available.
Trump admitted that his declaration of a national emergency will face opposition in the courts. He said, Sadly, we'll be sued and sadly it will go through a process and happily we'll win.
The president defended his decision, saying other presidents have declared national emergencies in the past.
In 1976, Congress passed the National Emergency Act, which gave presidents special powers during a crisis. Congress can end a state of emergency with a joint resolution and the president's signature. If the president vetoes the resolution, Congress would need two-thirds of lawmakers to vote to end the declaration.
American presidents have declared national emergencies 59 times since 1976.
President Jimmy Carter made the declaration as Iran took American hostages in 1979. Ronald Reagan used the power to ban trade with Nicaragua in 1985.
In 1990, President George H.W. Bush blocked financial dealings with Iraq. In 1996, Bill Clinton used the power after two airplanes were shot down near Cuba. George W. Bush declared a national emergency after the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001.
And President Barack Obama used the special power in 2011 to freeze the assets of Libyan leader Muammar Qadhafi.
Trump has declared national emergencies three other times: in December 2017 against Myanmar generals for their part in the Rohingya refugee crisis; in September 2018 against persons related to Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. presidential election; and in November 2018 after the Nicaraguan government acted against protesters.
But until Friday, no American president in history had used the power to get additional money to pay for projects without the support of Congress.
I'm Caty Weaver.
1. because of 因为，由于
There were fewer temporary engineers to plug in in that city because of low pay.
2. pay for 为……支付
We will not pay for your crisis.
特朗普要求出资57亿元建造边境墙 。但国会拥有财政支出的决定权，且国会只肯为建造边境墙提供14亿美元的资金 。
这两位领导人发布了联合声明，当时特朗普还在做演讲 。这两人表示，特朗普的举动明显违背了国会掌控国家财力的独一无二的权力，而该权力是开国元勋们在宪法中规定的 。国会将捍卫宪法赋予国会、法院、公众的权力，竭尽全力做补救 。
特朗普承认自己宣布国家进入紧急状态的举动会遭受法院的反对 。他表示，很不幸，我们会被起诉；很不幸，我们会经历痛苦的过程；但所幸，我们一定会赢 。
1976年，国会通过了《国家紧急状态法》，赋予总统在危机时期的特殊权力 。国会可以结束国家紧急状态，只要有共同决议和总统的签字即可 。如果总统反对决议通过，那么国会将需要2/3的议员投票通过，才能终结紧急状态 。
吉米·卡特总统宣布之时，正值伊朗扣留了多名美国人质，那是1979年的事 。罗纳德·里根则在1985年动用了这项权力，目的是停止与尼加拉瓜的贸易往来 。
1990年，乔治·布什总统断绝了美国与伊拉克的贸易往来 。1996年，比尔·克林顿动用了这项权力，因为2架美国飞机在古巴附近被击中坠落 。乔治·布什布什在9/11恐袭后就宣布国家进入了紧急状态 。