VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美代理防长:阿富汗人必须自己决定未来
日期:2019-02-14 14:45

(单词翻译:单击)

7K_lrAwgXm

听力文本

j[;nkhAS=!D

Acting US Defense Chief: Afghans Must Decide Own Future
During a trip to Afghanistan, America's acting defense chief said that the Afghan people must be a part of peace negotiations to shape the country's future.
Acting U.S. Secretary of Defense Patrick Shanahan arrived Monday in Kabul for an unannounced visit. He held talks with President Ashraf Ghani and other Afghan officials.
Before the meeting, Shanahan told reporters that he would make clear his support for Afghan officials being included in negotiations aimed at ending the country's 17-year war.
U.S. officials have led several rounds of talks with Taliban representatives in recent weeks. The goal of the talks is to reach a peace deal agreed to by all sides in the war.
Taliban fighters currently carry out near-daily attacks in the country, mainly on Afghan security forces. The Taliban currently controls about half the country's territory.
The war began when U.S.-led forces launched attacks shortly after the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States. The military action was aimed at ousting the Taliban from power.
U.S. officials accused Taliban leaders of providing support to al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden and his followers.
Zalmay Khalilzad is the U.S. negotiator who led the latest round of talks with Taliban representatives in the Gulf nation of Qatar. He has reported "significant progress" in the talks.
He said on Friday that he hopes a peace deal can be reached by July. That is when Afghanistan is set to hold a presidential election.
The next round of talks is set for February 25 in Qatar.
So far, the Taliban has refused to permit Ghani's government to join the peace talks. Taliban leaders say they do not recognize the current Afghan government.
U.S. officials have sought to resolve the disagreement so all parties can take part.
"The Afghans have to decide what Afghanistan looks like," Shanahan told reporters. "It's not about the U.S., it's about Afghanistan," he said.
Shanahan also said he had not received orders from U.S. President Donald Trump to reduce the number of American troops in Afghanistan. The U.S. military has about 14,000 troops in the country. About 8,000 troops from 38 other countries are also involved in the effort.
During his State of the Union address last week, Trump said the United States would keep working toward a peace deal to end the Afghan war. "We do not know whether we will achieve an agreement," Trump said.
But he added: "We do know that after two decades of war, the hour has come to at least try for peace."
I'm Bryan Lynn.

重点解析

1.aimed at 针对;旨在

2Wo#y),XqhDERaY

The government rushed through legislation aimed at Mafia leaders.
政府匆忙通过了针对黑手党首领的立法+.X+4ECPg#pK

2.at least 至少

B@^fI-IV&ro.#n

This jury is expected to be sequestered for at least two months.
预计这个陪审团将至少被隔离两个月IwYD9;_JGX,RKW|Tq

3.presidential election 总统选举

,yfdi,*LHqwj!OBfHE

Neither of the front-runners in the presidential election is a mainstream politician.
总统选举中的两位领先者都不是主流政治家(.*hZIDCpgxp3nYSMN2L

4.peace negotiations 和平谈判

f,Dro#Kx6g.(Te&^

Their boycott of the talks constitutes a serious impediment to peace negotiations.
他们联合抵制会谈的行为成了和谈的重大障碍+r=)w*5rS;6xdd

+Z9!BnUMKb@M,&ju+b5K

5.U.S. officials have sought to resolve the disagreement so all parties can take part.

take part 参加;参与

T2jde!O6VN*Egxun8~~A

We had the devil's own job to persuade him to take part.
我们说服他参加可费了一番周折HEnHvrW,dU
We would appreciate confirmation of your refusal of our invitation to take part.
若您确认拒绝我们的邀请不能参加,我们将感激不尽8q-T#MP=ye

VvV6u(%v~RqR-#b#=7

6.The goal of the talks is to reach a peace deal agreed to by all sides in the war.

reach a deal 达成协议

UWO+NliX)zGu)C7

Ms. Pelosi said Democrats remained on track to reach a deal on major health care legislation.
佩洛西说,民主党仍然有望就主要保健服务的立法达成一项协议l&XL|&1e|n3#A
It is not hard to see why it has proved so hard to reach a deal.
不难理解为何达成协议如此艰难oDrUfI!9-ZIz

参考译文

1WT^[X-dn5l#6;J

美代理防长:阿富汗人必须自己决定未来
在访问阿富汗期间,美国代理国防部长表示,阿富汗人民必须成为和平谈判的一份子,来塑造这个国家的未来rMRTryJ_s!6D#
美国代理国防部长沙纳汉周一抵达喀布尔,这次访问事先没有官方公布Df]+,fG^5A2L。他与阿富汗总统阿什拉夫·加尼和其他官员举行了会谈7q3JPj-[&r#,#ynsp*U
沙纳汗在会谈前对记者表示,他将明确表示支持阿富汗官员参加这次旨在结束阿富汗17年战乱局面的谈判0Y7+^wP.B(JA6
近几周,美国官员与塔利班代表举行了几轮会谈yHT73fYm#eG~#5Rah!5^。会谈的目标是达成参战各方都同意的和平协议,O89V)ohG[6+,@9uv
现今,塔利班武装分子几乎每天都在阿富汗发动袭击,主要针对阿富汗安全部队cYCm+1qmIxb。塔利班目前控制着阿富汗约一半的领土e__SLDSG0ARa=R

@BJO.!ix5UcX

美代理防长:阿富汗人必须自己决定未来.jpg
阿富汗战争始于2001年9月11号美国遭受袭击后,以美国为首的联军发动的报复性袭击B9^8B|%CE-28R=*.Yss。这次军事行动的目的是把塔利班赶下台W]|PuQKe85Nr
美国官员指责塔利班领导人向基地组织领导人本拉登及其追随者提供支持xTVZYb7Wut7)o
美国谈判代表哈利勒扎德(Zalmay Khalilzad)在海湾国家卡塔尔领导了与塔利班代表的最新一轮谈判c@z,9b0MPL。他报告称,会谈取得了“重大进展”mfV^X_g(Ow~MZDSt+
周五,他表示,希望能在7月前达成和平协议WIj~x4gY1pt,zWWLKX。届时阿富汗将举行总统大选r3*Z0(NLbhH5BMS&hRr
下一轮谈判定于2月25日在卡塔尔举行+3ObptHx2+mSS+oLN7
到目前为止,塔利班拒绝允许加尼政府参与和谈A@u5CfMV.hV,3nKdXC,P。塔利班领导人称,他们不承认当前的阿富汗政府=T,(jcQ2vaV9
美国官员试图化解分歧,以便各方都能参与谈判rQp%yU#V]fBkQd
沙纳汉告诉记者:“阿富汗的未来必须由阿富汗人决定R5=SMvA;Rb*u~rdgzz。”他称:“这与美国无关,而与阿富汗有关a-EWl=ZX9.-&.mE。”
沙纳汉还表示,他没有接到美国总统特朗普要求减少阿富汗驻军人数的命令q,llz#BBu#。美军在阿富汗大约有1.4万名军人GoqdC(;*]lC+*yD!w#。在阿富汗驻军的还有来自38个国家的大约8000名军人u(x[g3P&(D
特朗普在上周的国情咨文演讲中表示,美国将继续为达成结束阿富汗战争的和平协议而努力u|5*,f!)8eu。“虽然我们不知道双方能否达成协议,”特朗普说7htiEccO6+3C]WA%j
但他补充称:“不过,我们确实知道,经历了长达20年的战争,至少现在是争取和平的时候了Fiar4hJnm_l(。”
布莱恩·林恩为您播报9[MN~HXw@GGQD

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

,fcYNPJD(^UDBq.c1!dtM6+%EPAVjrVCoO(e+~#10a-Wn3p
分享到