Rights Group Calls on Europe to Accept More Refugees
The human rights group Amnesty International has criticized several European countries for blocking migrant rescue ships from their ports.
Amnesty International called the situation "shameful."
The group said Europe's migrant policy was putting lives in danger at sea and also in the country of Libya.
Most asylum seekers leaving Africa appear to be leaving from Libya.
The rights group made its statement after a migrant rescue ship was permitted to unload people in Malta after spending 19 days at sea. Almost 50 migrants were on the ship. Several European ports had refused it entry.
Matteo De Bellis of Amnesty International said the problem is the result of Europe's decision to let Libya deal with border security.
De Bellis said that non-governmental organizations, or NGOs, are operating the rescue ships. But they face hard choices.
He said, "The only thing that the Libyan coast guard can tell the NGOs is to go back to Libya and disembark people there. But it is forbidden by international law to disembark people in a place where they are going to be exposed to torture."
Many European countries have ended their rescue efforts in the Mediterranean Sea. Now aid groups have stepped in.
Many southern European countries say it is unfair that, under EU law, they must take in the refugees.
De Bellis said, "There is no mechanism enabling European government, European states, to share responsibility among them for the assistance of those asylum seekers."
Spain recently blocked the ‘Proactive Open Arms' rescue ship from leaving port. Italy's Interior Minister Matteo Salvini praised the action.
Salvini said, "If the European Union and the other European countries will follow up words with actions, Europe will be rescued. But if words will not be followed by actions, Europe doesn't exist."
The EU has said the flow of migrants to European countries has fallen by 92 percent from its highest levels in 2015.
Amnesty International said this means that concerns about migration causing problems in Europe are false.
De Bellis said there are constituencies that believe Europe is "under siege" from migration.
Several EU member states now have anti-immigration governments making it unlikely that the EU will agree on refugee limits any time soon.
I'm Caty Weaver.
1.human rights 人权
He made only a veiled reference to international concerns over human rights issues.
2.rescue ships 救援船只
When rescue ships arrived, the crew had been in the water for 96 hours.
3.take in 吸收；接受
They will certainly need to take in plenty of liquid.
4.in danger 危险
His life could be in danger.
5.Matteo De Bellis of Amnesty International said the problem is the result of Europe's decision to let Libya deal with border security.
deal with 处理；应付
He's a hard man to deal with.
You'll deal with it personally? Good.
6.He said, "The only thing that the Libyan coast guard can tell the NGOs is to go back to Libya and disembark people there.
go back to 返回
I now look forward to going back to work as soon as possible
Let me just go back to the point I was making.
该人权组织发表声明之前，一艘在海上漂流了19天的难民救助船被允许在马耳他靠岸 。船上约有50名难民 。而几处欧洲港口拒绝让难民入境 。
大赦国际的马泰奥·德·贝里斯（Matteo De Bellis）称，该问题是欧洲决定让利比亚处理边境安全问题导致的 。
德·贝里斯表示，非政府组织正在运营这些救援船只 。但他们面临着艰难的选择 。
他说，“利比亚海岸警卫队只是通知非政府组织返回利比亚，让难民在那里上岸 。但是国际法禁止将难民遣返至可能会遭受酷刑的地方 。”
许多欧洲国家已经结束了在地中海的救援行动 。目前，援助组织已经介入 。
西班牙最近阻止了由慈善组织“伸开双手”运营的救援船只离开港口 。意大利内政部长萨尔维尼（Matteo Salvini）称赞了这一行动 。
萨尔维尼表示：“如果欧盟和其他欧洲国家能够言行一致，欧洲将会得救 。但如果言行不一，欧洲将不复存在 。