VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):如何保护心脏健康——眼见为实
日期:2019-01-22 15:37

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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For Heart Health -- Seeing Is Believing
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.
When it comes to having a healthy body, seeing may be believing.
Experiments suggest that people who see detailed pictures of their clogged arteries may be more likely to stay healthy than people who do not.
The latest experiment was done in Sweden.
Researchers there studied just over 3,500 people. These individuals were between 40 and 60 years of age. Each person had at least one risk factor for heart disease, but no signs of the disorder.
The researchers divided these subjects into two groups.
One group received what was called usual care – like taking medicine or talking with health care workers about heart disease.
However, the members of the other group got to see pictures of their arteries. Researchers also gave them personalized guidance on why those pictures might be a sign of future health problems.
One year later, the people who saw the images of their own arteries had fewer risk factors for heart disease than those who did not see pictures.
The researchers reported their findings in The Lancet.
The lead writer of a report on the study was Ulf Naslund of Umea University. In an email to the Reuters news agency, he explained that the best ways to keep your arteries healthy is to follow a healthy lifestyle. He said that means do not smoke, drink less alcohol, eat healthy food, exercise and take the right medications to lower cholesterol and high blood pressure.
There are plenty of treatments, Naslund noted. That is not the problem. The problem, he said, is that people do not take steps to improve their condition or take their medicines.
That is where the "seeing" part may help.
Doctors warn that many people think they have healthy hearts but, actually, they do not.
Atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, can be a silent killer. It takes many years to develop and patients may show no symptoms until the condition is severe and difficult to treat.
Because it is a silent killer, experts say patients only remember a small part of what their doctor tells them to do. Seeing a picture is much more effective. To use a popular English expression, "A picture is worth a thousand words."
Each year around the world, about 17.9 million people die from some form of cardiovascular disease. That is 31% of all deaths worldwide. These numbers come from the World Health Organization (WHO).
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are disorders of the heart and blood vessels. The WHO website published this advice about heart health:
Tobacco use, an unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity increase the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
Exercising for at least 30 minutes every day of the week will help to prevent heart attacks and strokes.
Eating at least five servings of fruit and vegetables a day, and limiting your salt intake to less than one teaspoon a day, also helps to prevent heart attacks and strokes.
And that's the Health & Lifestyle report.
I'm Anna Matteo.

重点解析

1.at least 至少

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I resolved to visit my grandmother at least once a year.
我决定每年至少要去看望祖母一次pDJO9EG4N5oDBDD[3

2.heart attacks 心脏病

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Very vigorous exercise can increase the risk of heart attacks.
运动太过剧烈会增大心脏病发作的风险yTa@zk0nYf&g2]r

3.unhealthy diet 不健康饮食

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Multivitamins and other dietary supplements will not replace an unhealthy diet.
复合维生素和其它饮食补剂并不能弥补一顿不健康的饮食UZcL(x^qaFLT7t#-V!i1

4.silent killer 无声的杀手

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It's called the "silent killer" because the only way to find out if your pressure is high is to check it.
高血压被称之为“无声的杀手”,因为发现它的唯一方法就是检测血压VHJ|+a_*h,L+zf#C

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5.The problem, he said, is that people do not take steps to improve their condition or take their medicines.

take steps to 采取措施

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She is not content with her present lot and wishes to take steps to improve it.
她对自己目前的生活并不满意,希望能采取措施改善它8ax,~rgsNG
The directors will take steps to insure against possible failure.
董事们将采取措施,以防可能出现的失败!%;UxMQy]Zz&lOQ_*[yZ

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6.When it comes to having a healthy body, seeing may be believing.

When it comes to 说到;提及

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When it comes to photography, I'm not an adept.
要说照相,我不是内行yS^fBwtQuTcouGQ8xDEm
They are inexperienced when it comes to decorating.
说到装修,他们就没有什么经验了VA,X&Z.I!,I;Qzd

参考译文

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如何保护心脏健康——眼见为实
这里是VOA慢速英语健康生活报道@=mewEU5AdYiN-1ZS2
说到拥有健康的体魄,也许眼见才能为实.w|OafwD8rVZBFlM
有实验表明,看到动脉阻塞的详细图片的人可能比没有看到的人更有可能保持健康gW0RR+PB1=@Qq
最新的这次实验是在瑞典进行的Bjaxlm77SlHGJ+JHh9a
研究人员对3500多人进行了研究FN1CrSl7c[X2Bzrzlk^5。这些人的年龄在40到60岁之间aJd;i.*2cZOK3。每个人都至少有一项患心脏病的危险因素,但是没有这种疾病的迹象nUKAst[_SLW(YW
研究人员将这些受试者分为两组[j*Djre0]l
其中一组受试者接受所谓的“常规治疗”,如服药或与医护人员谈论心脏病egY%T+Y^5eaD
然而,另一组受试者看到了自己动脉的图片;~bv7zE0XC8n.0a|s。研究人员还为他们提供了个性化指导,向他们解释了这些图片可能是未来健康问题的征兆的原因k49ME.z0bbOjv24dZ

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如何保护心脏健康——眼见为实.jpg
一年后,那些看到自己动脉图像的受试者比没有看到图像的人患心脏病的风险因素更少]6n&*D8QX3K#F;*~Q+U
研究人员在《柳叶刀》杂志上报道了他们的发现1Nq3z)SilU
该研究报告的首席作者是 瑞典于默奥大学的纳斯隆德(Ulf Naslund)%ZJH6#_c&),.q。在给路透社的一封电子邮件中,他解释称,保持动脉健康的最佳途径是遵循健康的生活方式*6HF*jITnt5*Q~s。他说,这意味着不要吸烟,少饮酒,饮食健康,勤锻炼,服用对症的药物来降低胆固醇和高血压2--PkBuco[lymX[P;eS
纳斯隆德指出,治疗方法有很多-Y]HfCXML*4|Z0c2]8,E。但是这不是问题所在gH)R*E3[!UX。他说,问题是人们没有采取措施改善自身的状况,也没有服药OcUfgW|9]R[
这就是“看得见”的部分可能起作用的地方IK=QgZAUjunig#
医生警告称,许多人认为自己的心脏很健康,可事实并非如此5YjbZ41o0t%Y4Se]vlv,
动脉粥样硬化(动脉硬化)可能是一个无形的杀手uhUqDShHBb。它会潜伏多年而且病人可能没出现任何症状,直到病情严重甚至药石无医(g02N.^IT4.mRUlo2G1
专家指出,因为动脉硬化是一个无形的杀手,因此病人只记得医生嘱咐的小部分内容7|J_dQC~H2C^。而看图像的效果更加强烈NnW&fMNFPxzJmfAG。用一句流行的谚语来表达,“百闻不如一见”|o98P^pZ,KI9zvsQ)b3e
全球每年约有1790万人死于某种形式的心血管疾病Zb~pN^I=U4。这占全球死亡人数的31%-t]V+gX7L@sUq。这些数据来源于世界卫生组织(WHO)oqcVemxj1vdZ[raAN!%
心血管疾病(CVDs)是心脏和血管类疾病SDL%pj~b8J5。世卫组织网站提供了以下有关心脏健康的建议:
吸烟、不健康饮食和缺乏体育锻炼会增加心脏病发作和中风的风险x_JsQIYuBWIoQs2ce
一周至少每天锻炼30分钟有助于预防心脏病和中风LX;]zD)5i&sklqL|SM
每天至少吃五类水果和蔬菜,盐的摄入量控制在一茶匙以内,也有助于预防心脏病和中风(SDYkhlq.IlL
以上为健康生活报道的全部内容x1^i=68U!P
安娜·马特奥为您播报9fiNojya]C

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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