VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):天文盛宴:超级月亮偶遇月全食
日期:2019-01-21 10:56

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Lunar Eclipse to Darken Moon over North, South America
People in many parts of North and South America will be able to see a total lunar eclipse Sunday night and early Monday morning.
A lunar eclipse happens when the moon passes through Earth's shadow as our planet goes around the Sun. This kind of event does not happen every year. The last lunar eclipse seen in the United States took place in September 2015.
The eclipse this weekend is special. The moon will be a little closer than it normally is to the Earth. For this reason, it will appear brighter than usual. Such a moon has come to be called a supermoon.
Astrophysicist Patrick Hartigan told the Associated Press, "It not only is a supermoon and it's a total eclipse, but the total eclipse also lasts pretty long. It's about an hour." Hartigan works at Rice University in Texas.
If skies are clear, the total lunar eclipse also will be partly visible in western Europe. It will be fully visible in Greenland and Iceland.
When the moon is completely eclipsed, it looks darker and appears to have an orange or even a red color. That is because the reduced amount of sunlight which reaches the moon is scattered by the Earth's atmosphere. A sunset on Earth looks orange for a similar reason.
Because of its reddish color, an eclipsed moon is sometimes called a blood moon.
In North America, there are traditional names given to each of the 12 full moons that happen throughout the year. January's full moon is known as the wolf moon or the great spirit moon. So this weekend's eclipse is being called a super, blood, wolf moon by some people.
The eclipse will begin shortly after sunset in eastern North America and South America depending on where you are. A total lunar eclipse can be seen easily with the unaided eye.
Hartigan said, "It's just a wonderful thing for the whole family to see because it's fairly rare to have all these things kind of come together at the same time."
While the moon, Earth's only natural satellite, will be closer than usual, it still will be 357,000 kilometers away from our planet. This will be the first of three full-moon supermoons this year.
The next total lunar eclipse visible anywhere in the world will not happen until May 2021.
I'm Mario Ritter Jr.

重点解析

1.unaided eye 肉眼

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A new comet is brightening and is now expected to become visible to the unaided eye later this month.
一颗新彗星在变亮,并有望在本月下旬变成肉眼可见Lzm_%C^7~xXTT]ORCd

2.lunar eclipse 月食

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A lunar eclipse occurs when the Earth's shadow falls on the moon.
月食的发生,是由于地球的影子落在月球上lpBvsog(z!75ls

3.blood moon 血月

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A total lunar eclipse, also known as a "blood moon", is seen from near a swan statue in Nakhon Pathom province.
在曼谷郊区那坤省,从靠近天鹅星座的方向看到全月食,同时也被名为血月O|0o#u93_=K

4.come together 集合

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We come together because we have shared interests and responsibilities.
我们走到一起,因为我们有共同的利益和责任YA;*lgxPq_tcV~qzl.

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5.The last lunar eclipse seen in the United States took place in September 2015.

took place 发生

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The interview took place on a Friday afternoon
采访是在一个星期五的下午进行的!DHHZd_MVH4AdV
Another dust-up took place in the teahouse.
茶馆里又发生了一场打斗o7Cw2pIb[mmg

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6."It's just a wonderful thing for the whole family to see because it's fairly rare to have all these things kind of come together at the same time."

at the same time 同时

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It's impossible to get everybody together at the same time.
让所有人同时聚在一起是不可能的7~ASfK#![+*+IGD58
We can't hold the two meetings at the same time; we must stagger them.
这两个会不能同时开,得错一下.rAw+fN3td-VRrDtw|Z

参考译文

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“超级红月亮”:“超级月亮”巧遇“月全食”
周日晚间至周一凌晨,北美和南美很多地区的人们有望观赏到月全食盛景Yj#3T;gfI^HHl0a&PPOR
当月球穿过地球围绕太阳公转所产生的阴影部分时会发生月食S5E~Rc^(Bwf。这种现象不是每年都发生,美国上一次观赏到月食是在2015年9月=Qo0~&ml&E
本周末的月食有些特殊V^#.bXGgy,6M.DO~fxK。月亮将比以往更靠近地球,因此,月亮将比平时更亮,这样的月亮被称为“超级月亮”oNMEfDc+F^5
天体物理学家帕特里克·哈蒂根(Patrick Hartigan)告诉美联社:“这次不仅出现超级月亮和月全食,月全食还会持续很长时间,约莫一小时l%RE[CEuq)=rLwBY,jja。”哈蒂根在德克萨斯州莱斯大学任职J^jhBwR)dl[gLAs2KZ

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天文盛宴超级月亮偶遇月全食.jpeg
如果天空晴朗,西欧地区也能观赏到部分月全食okfDGOlgbH+[G%N0~f。格陵兰岛和冰岛可欣赏完整的月全食y!+lA4!B.IrH+
当月亮完全被遮蔽,看起来会很暗,呈现出橙色或红色,这是因为照射到月球的太阳光减少且受到地球大气层的散射g^dO1SF%3R。同理,地球上的日落看起来也是橙色的z3dKWrkNv!eFOiEj
由于呈现出红色,月食有时也被称为“血月”~ahT=y|y9r-D
在北美,每年的12个满月都有其传统名称1QbH%|gV,=T8g@,_。1月份的满月称为“狼月”或是“great spirit moon”sGF*;t(6^q8|R*s708m。所以本周末的月食也被一些人称为“超级血狼月”LSk]Ow[H]I-E|^)3zWE
月食将在北美东部和南美日落不久后开始,具体时间取决于你所在的位置bz#kX|zGpC+UN%。这次月全食可肉眼观赏[f6&xu|MX0
哈蒂根表示:“全家人聚在一起观看月全食是一件很美妙的事情,因为所有现象(超级月亮、血月、狼月)同时出现千年难遇%3XMILSTZ;c7。”
月球是地球唯一的天然卫星,虽然它比平时更靠近地球,但距地球仍有35.7万公里D;lYT9PEsR.k。这将是今年三次“超级满月”中的首发RaqGmI-n[0(
下次全球任意地方可见的月全食要等到2021年5月MZ7_^%jRnkTj8
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • shadown. 阴影,影子,荫,阴暗,暗处 vt. 投阴影于,跟踪
  • eclipsen. 日或月食,丧失,没落 vt. 形成日或月食,使 .
  • planetn. 行星
  • rareadj. 稀罕的,稀薄的,罕见的,珍贵的 adj. 煎得
  • traditionaladj. 传统的
  • darkenvi. 弄暗,暗下来 vt. 使变暗,使阴郁,败坏,使模
  • visibleadj. 可见的,看得见的 n. 可见物
  • impossibleadj. 不可能的,做不到的 adj. 无法忍受的
  • statuen. 塑像,雕像
  • interviewn. 接见,会见,面试,面谈 vt. 接见,采访,对 .