US Campaign Aims to Improve Computer Security, Fight Threats
The administration of U.S. President Donald Trump has launched a campaign to better protect trade secrets from foreign hackers.
The Washington-based National Counterintelligence and Security Center (NCSC) works with the U.S. government on intelligence issues. It helped launch the campaign. The NCSC is concerned about cyberattacks on U.S. government agencies and private companies carried out by China, Russia, North Korea and Iran.
William Evanina is director of the NCSC. He said business leaders should know about the "intent of our adversaries and what they are trying to do economically to gain the upper hand."
The new campaign uses videos, printed materials and online information to describe the threat of cyber spying and methods used by foreign intelligence services.
One of the printed materials describes methods that hackers use to break into computer networks. It details how they create false social media accounts to trick people into giving out information about themselves and their work. It says that researching software and using anti-virus software can help protect personal information.
The first part of the campaign is called "Know the Risk, Raise Your Shield." It is aimed at federal workers.
The U.S. government has brought nine cases against individuals and companies since July 2018. In December, the government brought charges against two suspected hackers for stealing sensitive government and business information. The two people reportedly belonged to a group of hackers known as APT 10.
Evanina said the campaign centers on what he called Russia's "aggressive, persistent attacks." These attacks, he said, target computer networks of American power systems, communications, transportation and financial systems.
Russia and China have both repeatedly denied they have been carrying out such cyberattacks.
Evanina said the most serious threats, however, are malicious software put in computer parts. He also said companies must take greater care to investigate job candidates to ensure they are not acting for foreign powers.
I'm Mario Ritter Jr.
1.trade secrets 商业秘密
You've been witness to certain trade secrets.
2.take care 注意；小心
Take care not to let these goods be rained on!
3.carrying out 实施
The commanders accused him of carrying out a reign of terror.
4.job candidates 应聘者
Having input may mean better job candidates.
5.He said business leaders should know about the "intent of our adversaries and what they are trying to do economically to gain the upper hand."
gain the upper hand 占上风
If one could deduce the enemy's daily rituals, one could easily gain the upper hand when planning sabotage.
A wise general can gain the upper hand in any battle.
6.One of the printed materials describes methods that hackers use to break into computer networks.
break into 入侵
Women do not normally break into the big time by doing stand-up comedy.
My aunt's regular visits break into my weekend.
总部位于华盛顿的国家反情报和安全中心与美国政府就情报问题进行合作 。它帮助发起了这项运动 。国家反情报和安全中心对中国、俄罗斯、朝鲜和伊朗对美国政府机构及私营公司发起的网络攻击表示担忧 。
威廉·伊万尼纳（William Evanina）是国家反情报和安全中心的主任 。他说，商业领袖应该了解“对手的意图以及他们会采取什么措施占据经济方面的优势 。”
其中一份印刷材料描述了黑客入侵计算机网络的方法 。它详细描述了对方如何创建虚假的社交媒体账户，诱导网民泄露有关个人及工作的信息 。该材料还指出，对软件进行研究及使用杀毒软件有助于保护个人信息 。
自2018年7月份以来，美国政府已经对个人及公司提起9起诉讼 。去年12月，美国政府对两名涉嫌窃取政府和商业敏感信息的黑客提出了指控 。据报道，这两人隶属于一家名为APT 10的黑客组织 。
伊万尼纳表示，这项运动的重点在于他所谓的俄罗斯“咄咄逼人、持续不断地攻击 。”他说，这些攻击的目标是美国电力系统、通信、交通运输和金融系统的计算机网络 。
伊万尼纳表示，最严重的威胁是计算机零部件内安装的恶意软件 。他还表示，公司应该更加谨慎地调查求职者，确保他们不会为外国势力所利用 。