US Census Decides How Many Lawmakers to Send to Congress
The United States Congress is supposed to represent the U.S. population. Yet the number of people who live in the country keeps changing.
So every 10 years, on years that end with a zero, the federal government organizes a nationwide census. That is, the government counts up the people who live in the U.S. and its territories.
Census workers also ask questions to help officials better understand the kind of people who live in each home or household. Questions include residents' ages, their ethnic group or groups, and what kind of place they live in: a house, apartment building or other kind of home.
Individuals' answers are kept private for 72 years. But the general information is widely shared.
For example, everyday Americans can get the number for the total U.S. population. They can learn what percent of Americans are children or older adults; male or female; African-American, white, native, Latino or mixed.
They can find out about how many people are immigrants or speak a language other than English. They can get an idea of how much money the average household earns, and how many people have completed high school, college or advanced degree programs.
This and other information helps the government make decisions related to housing, schools, budgets and other issues. The information also helps identify how many lawmakers an area will send to the U.S. House of Representatives. After a Census, some areas gain seats; others lose them.
The Census is such an important part of the country's record-keeping, it is required by law. The Constitution-writers required a Census count, beginning in 1790. Today, anyone who does not provide answers can be charged up to $5,000.
I'm Kelly Jean Kelly.
1.find out 发现
I need to find out who tried to frame me.
2.military operation 军事行动
The military operation was the first step in a plan to crush the uprising.
3.House of Representatives 众议院
The Congress is bicameral, consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives.
4.end with 以...结束
Adler is correct in his assertion that education does not end with graduation.
5.They can get an idea of how much money the average household earns.
get an idea of 了解；清楚
I want to get an idea of the purchasing ability in various countries.
Talk to enough investors and you get an idea of whether we have capitulation.
6.This and other information helps the government make decisions related to housing, schools, budgets and other issues.
make decisions 做决定
They should make decisions as to whether the student needs more help.
We should make decisions in accordance with specific conditions.
美国国会应该代表着美国的人口 。然而，居住在美国的人口数量一直在不断变化 。
所以每隔10年，在尾数为0的年份里，联邦政府都会组织一次全国性人口普查 。也就是说，政府会统计居住在美国及其领地的人口数量 。
人口普查工作人员还会提问题，帮助官员更好地了解每家每户的居民情况 。问题包括居民年龄、种族（群体），以及他住所：独栋房屋、公寓或其它住宅 。
例如，美国人每天都可以查询美国总人口数量 。他们可以了解美国儿童或老年人、男性或女性，以及非裔美国人、白人、原住民、拉丁裔或混合种族在美国居民中所占比例 。
这些信息以及其它信息有助于政府制定有关住房、教育、预算等问题的决策 。这些信息还有助于确定某个地区的众议院席位 。人口普查过后，有些地区会增设议席席位，有些地区则减少 。
人口普查是国家保存记录制度的重要组成部分，是法律要求的 。宪法制定者要求从1790年开始人口普查 。如今，任何拒绝回答人口普查的人将被处以最高5000美元的罚款 。