VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国人口普查决定众议院议席分配
日期:2018-12-24 16:51

(单词翻译:单击)

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US Census Decides How Many Lawmakers to Send to Congress
The United States Congress is supposed to represent the U.S. population. Yet the number of people who live in the country keeps changing.
So every 10 years, on years that end with a zero, the federal government organizes a nationwide census. That is, the government counts up the people who live in the U.S. and its territories.
Census workers also ask questions to help officials better understand the kind of people who live in each home or household. Questions include residents' ages, their ethnic group or groups, and what kind of place they live in: a house, apartment building or other kind of home.
Individuals' answers are kept private for 72 years. But the general information is widely shared.
For example, everyday Americans can get the number for the total U.S. population. They can learn what percent of Americans are children or older adults; male or female; African-American, white, native, Latino or mixed.
They can find out about how many people are immigrants or speak a language other than English. They can get an idea of how much money the average household earns, and how many people have completed high school, college or advanced degree programs.
This and other information helps the government make decisions related to housing, schools, budgets and other issues. The information also helps identify how many lawmakers an area will send to the U.S. House of Representatives. After a Census, some areas gain seats; others lose them.
The Census is such an important part of the country's record-keeping, it is required by law. The Constitution-writers required a Census count, beginning in 1790. Today, anyone who does not provide answers can be charged up to $5,000.
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重点解析

1.find out 发现

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I need to find out who tried to frame me.
我得找出是谁企图诬陷我N(b.G#xOsixT7~1=_|Va

2.military operation 军事行动

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The military operation was the first step in a plan to crush the uprising.
军事行动是镇压暴动计划的第一步DGn*w4,!jSGvy1_N

3.House of Representatives 众议院

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The Congress is bicameral, consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives.
国会是两院制的,由参议院和众议院组成UNHln%nSYwZt=dFi+Jm

4.end with 以...结束

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Adler is correct in his assertion that education does not end with graduation.
阿得勒的这句话很正确,教育不能随着毕业而结束hE,W-H4,3_W2uXm

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5.They can get an idea of how much money the average household earns.

get an idea of 了解;清楚

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I want to get an idea of the purchasing ability in various countries.
我想知道不同国家的购买力7*)aQZTkH[rRD&jrxX
Talk to enough investors and you get an idea of whether we have capitulation.
多去和投资者接触,你就会有个大概的概念市场是否已经触底v0sSFJlp76yBDgYioI

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6.This and other information helps the government make decisions related to housing, schools, budgets and other issues.

make decisions 做决定

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They should make decisions as to whether the student needs more help.
他们应该决定学生是否需要更多的帮助O9ifJxEB|B.@.Sja.1
We should make decisions in accordance with specific conditions.
我们应当根据具体情况做出决定F2E~=N_1Z**T.bAYl)

参考译文

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美国人口普查决定众议院议席分配
美国国会应该代表着美国的人口TLnIl5*CX&BG_CMg]。然而,居住在美国的人口数量一直在不断变化-!Xvz;U@D^SLa
所以每隔10年,在尾数为0的年份里,联邦政府都会组织一次全国性人口普查a7ZnygJnAf8。也就是说,政府会统计居住在美国及其领地的人口数量=l|Tkql~GA%
人口普查工作人员还会提问题,帮助官员更好地了解每家每户的居民情况NlI^D]p4wTGwIc。问题包括居民年龄、种族(群体),以及他住所:独栋房屋、公寓或其它住宅9OVP*&mg-7JaNz3
私人问答将被保密72年,但是普通信息会被广泛分享A)p&5NhNgu%AOSbvC]Sz

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美国人口普查决定众议院议席分配.jpg
例如,美国人每天都可以查询美国总人口数量BeJF.tT7zE9*uQNds)o]。他们可以了解美国儿童或老年人、男性或女性,以及非裔美国人、白人、原住民、拉丁裔或混合种族在美国居民中所占比例!1XUT#AscIAL-x
他们可以了解有多少人是移民或会说英语以外的语言,他们可以了解普通家庭的收入,以及多少人完成了高中、大学或更高学位的课程3_X;uED;sUS*=B[
这些信息以及其它信息有助于政府制定有关住房、教育、预算等问题的决策kKtIAJTOA2QP(ZpyP9~9。这些信息还有助于确定某个地区的众议院席位|JSBXK@E*,。人口普查过后,有些地区会增设议席席位,有些地区则减少22o]R&594]6V[e,GRR
人口普查是国家保存记录制度的重要组成部分,是法律要求的ra7,p#ZBY4ftknYmS-[。宪法制定者要求从1790年开始人口普查Mzi%_b,lwr5。如今,任何拒绝回答人口普查的人将被处以最高5000美元的罚款KfuF**MdCH_,@17y~*pm
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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