VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国跻身记者遇害人数最多的国家名单
日期:2018-12-20 15:23

(单词翻译:单击)

*V8cu@aDhtfJBJg-U2z4%IsqI

听力文本

anw4LXbA&tF-whMf!C-Z

|#lX@T4JFQmYly*

f(5ERXr5MA

US Included on List of Deadliest Countries for Journalists
The number of journalists killed worldwide for their work nearly doubled this year. That information comes from a new report by the Committee to Protect Journalists.
The New York-based group reported that 34 journalists were killed because of their work as of December 14, while at least 53 were killed in all. That compares to 18 retaliation killings among the 47 deaths confirmed by the committee in 2017.
The new report lists the name of Jamal Khashoggi, who wrote opinion pieces for The Washington Post. Khashoggi was a native of Saudi Arabia, but fiercely critical of its ruling family. He went missing on October 2 during a visit to Saudi Arabia's diplomatic offices in Istanbul. Turkish officials claim he was attacked and killed inside the consulate.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced last week that the United States is still investigating the killing. However, the Central Intelligence Agency found that Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman was involved in Khashoggi's murder.
U.S. President Donald Trump has condemned the violence against journalists. Yet the committee noted that he has called some "enemies of the people."
In addition to retaliation killings, media workers have died in armed conflicts or on dangerous reporting assignments. The deadliest country for journalists in 2018 has been Afghanistan, where 13 journalists were killed, the report said. Some died from suicide bombers whose actions were claimed by the militant group Islamic State.
Media rights group Reporters Without Borders noted that the United States made it into the top five deadliest countries for journalists this year for the very first time.
Six journalists were killed nationwide. They included four who were among five people killed by a gunman who attacked the offices of Maryland's Capitol Gazette newspaper on June 28. The shooting was the deadliest single attack on the media in recent U.S. history. The man had lost a defamation case against the newspaper.
Two other journalists died while reporting on extreme weather conditions.
In addition, the committee said the imprisonment of journalists has been on the rise.
"Changes in technology...have allowed more people to practice journalism," the committee said. It added that the same technology has made journalists less important to criminal groups who once needed the media to spread their message.
Time magazine last week recognized jailed and killed journalists as its "person of the year." By name, they included Khashoggi and workers at the Maryland newspaper. The other honorees were reporters Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo, jailed in Myanmar, and Maria Ressa, held in the Philippines.
Journalists have died this year in Slovakia, where 27-year-old reporter Jan Kuciak was shot while investigating suspected corruption.
The committee said that at least four journalists were murdered in Mexico, two in Brazil and two Palestinian journalists were killed by Israeli soldiers during protests in the Gaza Strip.
In Syria and Yemen, two countries with violent civil wars, the fewest journalists were killed since 2011. Three were killed in Yemen. In Syria, the committee recorded nine deaths compared to a high of 31 in 2012.
I'm Susan Shand.

重点解析

1.at least 至少

lGXGrmU8DDEb

C-F5LaQB1&|8Rolt

This jury is expected to be sequestered for at least two months.
预计这个陪审团将至少被隔离两个月Kx6A9W!wf3Y@#S!O

2.civil war 内战

rXB;IrPVhf)|9

The years of civil war have dehumanized all of us.
连年内战剥夺了我们所有人的人性=hx_zuPF=XS=C

3.weather conditions 天气状况

ypokK;GSs(j)WoQX

|.#rjCgJ#[o-mFPK

naVBYURj_Jw^qkoY#LZ;

RZ|(fQ%&8(78@~ua3U

Any weapon could stand up to severe weather conditions.
任何武器应能经得住任何严酷的气候条件*;,PV@n5RYT

4.In addition 另外

q!2X6]QZ~iAb@!

n|Q*ixmJbK];

In addition, their ability to make money will not be hindered while they wait.
此外,在客户等待的过程中,他们赚钱的能力不会受到妨碍S]#R),tuNT

aGgrRsz%!m5(L

5.Media rights group Reporters Without Borders noted that the United States made it into the top five deadliest countries for journalists this year for the very first time.

for the very first time 第一次;破天荒的

a;0dEZRDqzV6rvkeA9vH

_T0saDFwUM_s,

|r26K!Qo&k*nui

T|QV)=x4uj;S#zN;O^3N

#~t1G%rGjk

=j67sYbe%Sy.(

For the very first time, I wished to keep that meet-cute in my mind.
那是我第一次想要把那个偶遇刻在脑海里l6y&w=;nzl(
Many of Nina's family and friends came to see her perform on stage for the very first time.
妮娜的许多亲朋好友都前来欣赏她的首次登台表演4RVfyD+uE;JF[X@MC

n1U=i~]7@rZJ[yyLs#

6.In addition to retaliation killings, media workers have died in armed conflicts or on dangerous reporting assignments.

In addition to 除...之外

q.h)z1BpF[P7l

A#5.J*ulQO|!EbinG

We4)1r6I2%tyj1=py^#O

In addition to the tractor, we have acquired a new rice transplanter.
除了拖拉机,我们又添了一台插秧机[8LWcYDTT.rfnQqBU9
There's a postage and packing fee in addition to the repair charge.
除修理费之外还有邮寄和包装费*c3RHRDS_#

参考译文

CN*heVB5WVtz@oAzx

p,bWG7txT^K0N+P

&vf;&|f-44zCqZuCNVd

美国跻身记者遇害人数最多的国家名单
今年,全球因工作遇害的记者人数几乎翻了一倍VWSg^tU48XU|_Sr~#。该信息出自保护记者委员会的新报告0eTp+CknI&-#0E
这家总部位于纽约的组织报告称,截至12月14日,有34名记者因工作遇害,而遇难记者的人数至少有53名hR%mx11Pbb1.xc|。相比之下,该委员会2017年确认的47名记者死亡中,只有18人遭报复性杀害]]-8bXAssd
这份新报告列出了贾马尔·卡舒吉(Jamal Khashoggi)的名字,他曾为《华盛顿邮报》撰写评论文章zz[+Sq2P;-。卡舒吉是沙特人,但是他强烈地批评该国的统治家族 Yqi#(13M。10月2日,他前往沙特驻伊斯坦布尔外交办事处后失踪oXi0Ml,;5TFnVdi。土耳其官员称,他在领事馆内遇袭身亡%!S9OI|SH1^SO&i
美国国务卿迈克·蓬佩奥(Mike Pompeo)上周宣布,美国仍在调查这起谋杀案件O@cQANO_d,tEDpkk]n。然而,美国中情局(CIA)发现,沙特王储萨勒曼卷入了卡舒吉的谋杀案2sbhURIg@u

Qg!4KMH]]k

美国跻身记者遇害人数最多的国家名单.jpg
美国总统特朗普谴责了针对记者的暴行WvQn9]Cl&G9y2~#V_9^+。然而该委员会指出,特朗普曾把一些记者称为“人民的敌人”,=8G60@jB%2bmF3,I3xu
除了报复性谋杀外,媒体工作人员还丧命于武装冲突或危险的报道任务,*0rag*t|*qbhiVOZE。该报告称,2018年对记者来说最致命的国家是阿富汗,13名记者丧命于此|pbX3!LphuE0vt_1H&=(。其中一些记者死于自杀式炸弹袭击,激进组织“伊斯兰国”宣称对自杀袭击者的行为负责55uT)QWT@h+NiK*Xzo
媒体权益组织“记者无国界”指出,美国今年首次跻身记者遇害人数最多的五个国家行列NUkarc4PRfv+
美国境内有6名记者遇害nla#IUU9)kHY~)61&qU。包括6月28日马里兰州《首都新闻报》办公室遇袭后被杀害的5人中的4人4VMnYAQ6vhctj1。这起枪击事件是美国近代史上媒体机构遭受的最致命的一起单一性袭击事件Z!5-p6VVX5_63。而嫌犯在起诉该报的诽谤案中败诉J7Fzb[x*9pdDz^Z)Mc
还有两名记者在报道极端天气状况时殉职,R*h^A5;c%VCvWNIYb
此外,该委员会表示,记者遭监禁的人数呈上升趋势xR@NtEot.LaXiGV
该委员会表示:“技术的变革允许更多人从事新闻工作n1b(_.,,Kq。”该委员会还补充说,同样的技术使记者对犯罪集团来说不再那么重要,这些集团曾经依靠媒体传播其信息6w~KfEX599qv
上周,《时代》杂志将被监禁及遇害的记者评选为该杂志的“年度人物”JdBPvQWpG[j51。他们包括卡舒吉以及马里兰州报社员工075IC-]gIUz2h6。其他上榜人物还包括缅甸被监禁的记者Wa Lone和Kyaw Soe Oo,以及被关押在菲律宾的Maria RessaZGKC^jdQEBFAb=h!igp
今年,斯洛伐克也有记者遇害,27岁的记者Jan Kuciak在调查涉嫌腐败的案件时遭枪杀Cvq=TF3H+xxg
该委员会表示,至少4名记者在墨西哥遇害,2名记者在巴西遇害,还有2名巴勒斯坦记者在加沙地带的抗议期间被以色列士兵杀害%[nc_ovc1W9&mKX
在叙利亚和也门这两个爆发暴力内战的国家,记者遇害人数创2011年以来最低Ec[]^2zUds。有3名记者在也门被杀iFVNhSt6dUO5KVc7。在叙利亚,该委员会记录有9人遇害,而2012年遇害人数高达31人13yAGkv4vBqTD=;
苏珊·尚德为您播报gdTuZhAnKv8

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

mc5r2u*f4~O7&]3p5J4

cgG|VcA+9vNHBYK|YuX5cs~KxpgUe4FrHKSu8r6icmq+tH
分享到