US Included on List of Deadliest Countries for Journalists
The number of journalists killed worldwide for their work nearly doubled this year. That information comes from a new report by the Committee to Protect Journalists.
The New York-based group reported that 34 journalists were killed because of their work as of December 14, while at least 53 were killed in all. That compares to 18 retaliation killings among the 47 deaths confirmed by the committee in 2017.
The new report lists the name of Jamal Khashoggi, who wrote opinion pieces for The Washington Post. Khashoggi was a native of Saudi Arabia, but fiercely critical of its ruling family. He went missing on October 2 during a visit to Saudi Arabia's diplomatic offices in Istanbul. Turkish officials claim he was attacked and killed inside the consulate.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced last week that the United States is still investigating the killing. However, the Central Intelligence Agency found that Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman was involved in Khashoggi's murder.
U.S. President Donald Trump has condemned the violence against journalists. Yet the committee noted that he has called some "enemies of the people."
In addition to retaliation killings, media workers have died in armed conflicts or on dangerous reporting assignments. The deadliest country for journalists in 2018 has been Afghanistan, where 13 journalists were killed, the report said. Some died from suicide bombers whose actions were claimed by the militant group Islamic State.
Media rights group Reporters Without Borders noted that the United States made it into the top five deadliest countries for journalists this year for the very first time.
Six journalists were killed nationwide. They included four who were among five people killed by a gunman who attacked the offices of Maryland's Capitol Gazette newspaper on June 28. The shooting was the deadliest single attack on the media in recent U.S. history. The man had lost a defamation case against the newspaper.
Two other journalists died while reporting on extreme weather conditions.
In addition, the committee said the imprisonment of journalists has been on the rise.
"Changes in technology...have allowed more people to practice journalism," the committee said. It added that the same technology has made journalists less important to criminal groups who once needed the media to spread their message.
Time magazine last week recognized jailed and killed journalists as its "person of the year." By name, they included Khashoggi and workers at the Maryland newspaper. The other honorees were reporters Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo, jailed in Myanmar, and Maria Ressa, held in the Philippines.
Journalists have died this year in Slovakia, where 27-year-old reporter Jan Kuciak was shot while investigating suspected corruption.
The committee said that at least four journalists were murdered in Mexico, two in Brazil and two Palestinian journalists were killed by Israeli soldiers during protests in the Gaza Strip.
In Syria and Yemen, two countries with violent civil wars, the fewest journalists were killed since 2011. Three were killed in Yemen. In Syria, the committee recorded nine deaths compared to a high of 31 in 2012.
I'm Susan Shand.
1.at least 至少
This jury is expected to be sequestered for at least two months.
2.civil war 内战
The years of civil war have dehumanized all of us.
3.weather conditions 天气状况
Any weapon could stand up to severe weather conditions.
4.In addition 另外
In addition, their ability to make money will not be hindered while they wait.
5.Media rights group Reporters Without Borders noted that the United States made it into the top five deadliest countries for journalists this year for the very first time.
for the very first time 第一次；破天荒的
For the very first time, I wished to keep that meet-cute in my mind.
Many of Nina's family and friends came to see her perform on stage for the very first time.
6.In addition to retaliation killings, media workers have died in armed conflicts or on dangerous reporting assignments.
In addition to 除...之外
In addition to the tractor, we have acquired a new rice transplanter.
There's a postage and packing fee in addition to the repair charge.
今年，全球因工作遇害的记者人数几乎翻了一倍 。该信息出自保护记者委员会的新报告 。
这家总部位于纽约的组织报告称，截至12月14日，有34名记者因工作遇害，而遇难记者的人数至少有53名 。相比之下，该委员会2017年确认的47名记者死亡中，只有18人遭报复性杀害 。
这份新报告列出了贾马尔·卡舒吉（Jamal Khashoggi）的名字，他曾为《华盛顿邮报》撰写评论文章 。卡舒吉是沙特人，但是他强烈地批评该国的统治家族 。10月2日，他前往沙特驻伊斯坦布尔外交办事处后失踪 。土耳其官员称，他在领事馆内遇袭身亡 。
美国国务卿迈克·蓬佩奥（Mike Pompeo）上周宣布，美国仍在调查这起谋杀案件 。然而，美国中情局（CIA）发现，沙特王储萨勒曼卷入了卡舒吉的谋杀案 。
美国总统特朗普谴责了针对记者的暴行 。然而该委员会指出，特朗普曾把一些记者称为“人民的敌人” 。
除了报复性谋杀外，媒体工作人员还丧命于武装冲突或危险的报道任务 。该报告称，2018年对记者来说最致命的国家是阿富汗，13名记者丧命于此 。其中一些记者死于自杀式炸弹袭击，激进组织“伊斯兰国”宣称对自杀袭击者的行为负责 。
美国境内有6名记者遇害 。包括6月28日马里兰州《首都新闻报》办公室遇袭后被杀害的5人中的4人 。这起枪击事件是美国近代史上媒体机构遭受的最致命的一起单一性袭击事件 。而嫌犯在起诉该报的诽谤案中败诉 。
该委员会表示：“技术的变革允许更多人从事新闻工作 。”该委员会还补充说，同样的技术使记者对犯罪集团来说不再那么重要，这些集团曾经依靠媒体传播其信息 。
上周，《时代》杂志将被监禁及遇害的记者评选为该杂志的“年度人物” 。他们包括卡舒吉以及马里兰州报社员工 。其他上榜人物还包括缅甸被监禁的记者Wa Lone和Kyaw Soe Oo，以及被关押在菲律宾的Maria Ressa 。
今年，斯洛伐克也有记者遇害，27岁的记者Jan Kuciak在调查涉嫌腐败的案件时遭枪杀 。
在叙利亚和也门这两个爆发暴力内战的国家，记者遇害人数创2011年以来最低 。有3名记者在也门被杀 。在叙利亚，该委员会记录有9人遇害，而2012年遇害人数高达31人 。