VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):斯里兰卡旅游业因政治危机遇冷
日期:2018-12-10 16:39

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Political Crisis Hurting Sri Lankan Tourism Industry
The month of December usually marks the beginning of tourism season in Sri Lanka. Visitors come to the Indian Ocean island nation to enjoy its beaches, historic places, interesting nature and tasty food.
Tourism represents about 5 percent of the country's $87-billion economy.
But Sri Lanka's current political environment is keeping visitors away. Observers are worried about the possible economic effects.
In late October, Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena dismissed the country's prime minister and appointed a new government. The move came as a surprise.
Mahinda Rajapaksa, who replaced Ranil Wickremesinghe as prime minister, lacks a parliamentary majority. A Sri Lankan court has prevented Rajapaksa from taking power. Violence has broken out in parliament and the 2019 national budget has been delayed.
High season for travelers to Sri Lanka usually runs from December to March. Most visitors come from Europe, India and China. But many trips are being canceled, especially among Europeans. The Reuters news agency received that information from someone at the national Sri Lankan airlines. The person asked not to be identified.
The person told Reuters that, "The crisis started just when tourists take a decision where to go...It has discouraged many of them."
Chandra Mohotti is manager of the high-end Galle Face Hotel in the Sri Lankan capital of Colombo. She said that 20 percent of planned visits to the area have been canceled. She said that normally, the 200-room hotel would be filled at this time of year. But instead, the hotel has been forced to offer low-cost rates to appeal to tourists.
The crisis has also affected business travel. Sanath Ukwatte, president of the Hotels Association of Sri Lanka, said some companies have chosen to move their planned events to Singapore, Indonesia and other places in Southeast Asia.
Harith Perera is president of the Sri Lanka Association of Inbound Tour Operators. He said if the current situation continues, the economic effects "will be significant."
More than 2.1 million people visited Sri Lanka in 2017, tourism officials say.
I'm Ashley Thompson.

重点解析

1.business travel 商务旅游

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How should companies control business travel expenses?
公司应怎样控制其商务差旅费用?

2.appeal to 吸引

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Economic change for its own sake did not appeal to him.
经济变化本身对他并没有吸引力zQs@I9wR+B.*N

3.economic effects 经济影响

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Much of the instability stems from the economic effects of the war.
不稳定局面多半是由战争对经济的影响造成的UvtTjX+sLd@TC(I9

4.island nation 岛国

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Now this island nation is attempting to harness it on a scale never seen before.
现在,这个岛国正在尝试以前所未有的规模利用这一资源9^%lO],Qw-oN[;6

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5.The person told Reuters that, "The crisis started just when tourists take a decision where to go...It has discouraged many of them."

take a decision 做决定

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You'll have left me with no choice, but before I take a decision.
你们使我别无选择,但是我还是决定,GzK#04ruySZPx=Y
At the end of the season, the club will take a decision.
到赛季结束,球队会做出决定e1kZ~3b=(Bn!E[f

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6.But Sri Lanka's current political environment is keeping visitors away.

keep away 防范;远离

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If you don't keep away from the dog, you may be bitten.
如果你不避开那只狗,你可能会被咬伤LMCZTCvxJoVM4zon%IO
He is a dangerous person; keep away from him.
他是一个危险分子,离他远点CHv8Nx!Mi9x9o9t

参考译文

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斯里兰卡旅游业因政治危机遇冷
每年的12月通常是斯里兰卡旅游旺季的开始RYI55hP8T434;2*T!。游客们前往这个印度洋上的岛国,享受这里的沙滩、历史古迹、秀丽的自然景观以及美味的食物FQ,|=+PM;,sf@dE
旅游业占该国870亿美元经济规模的5%左右nbUs1,11zGYoKU#!qy
但是,斯里兰卡当前的政治环境让游客们望而却步d(_M,gTovzs3tXGb_z。观察家们担心,这可能对经济产生影响9sUAeIJx9-npCwUfu
10月下旬,斯里兰卡总统西里塞纳解除了该国总理的职务,并任命了新内阁,此举出人意料0BRCe]H]T7.wV4z]O

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斯里兰卡旅游业因政治危机遇冷.jpg
取代维克勒马辛哈担任总理的拉贾帕克萨(Mahinda Rajapaksa)受到议会多数席位的反对heZmQtGh~l%;R]tO。斯里兰卡一家法院阻止拉贾帕克萨上台H41QUKZZKYL[hV~V-l。议会爆发了暴力冲突,2019年的国家预算被推迟@g@62UW|INkA
斯里兰卡的旅游旺季通常为12月到次年3月,大多数游客来自欧洲、印度和中国-fwA!FC#EPm~U7#u%q%o。但是很多订单被取消了,尤其是欧洲游客G&P[7xHLZqDo|s。路透社从斯里兰卡国有航空公司的员工处得知这些信息,该员工要求匿名,jiBEOP~CIJ]8s
该员工告诉路透社,“这场危机爆发正值游客们决定旅游目的地之时,这让很多游客气馁tX@F^oY0Fr。”
Chandra Mohotti是斯里兰卡首都科伦坡的高端酒店Galle Face Hotel 的经理OtJ^Pw=e2+g9U.D。她说,原定前往该地区旅游的行程取消了20%+&q_wIOta!VQu#iY。她说,通常情况下,这家200间客房的酒店每年都会客满S_AKW3w_pER4|Bh&Rs。但是,今时不同往日,酒店被迫以低价吸引游客4*wNZJa=49rAan&O2
这次危机也影响到了商务旅行AP;SK;#L(n。斯里兰卡酒店协会会长Sanath Ukwatte表示,一些公司已经将原定的商务活动改到新加坡、印尼和东南亚其它地区YpSLS9MCb]-E
哈里斯·佩雷拉(Harith Perera)是斯里兰卡入境旅游运营商协会的主席Jel60mtE0jp][+Ne。他说,如果目前的形势继续发展,经济影响将“非常显著gesN!c#O3w。”
旅游官员表示,2017年有210多万人前往斯里兰卡旅游O5PTJhRZ!JGJ#m
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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