VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):印度政府下令为学生书包"减负"
日期:2018-12-06 11:33

(单词翻译:单击)

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No More Heavy School Bags for Indian Students
Indian officials recently approved weight guidelines for children's school bags.
The central government said the weight of the bag should depend on the age of the child. It urged all Indian states to set limits in accordance with the new guidance.
Indian officials have denounced schools for making students carry heavy school bags and giving young children homework.
Under the guidelines, no homework would be given to children in Classes 1 and 2. This will ensure that the youngest students have no books to carry home.
For students in Classes 3 to 5, the weight of a school bag would never be more than three kilograms. And bags would never weigh more than five kilograms for students in Class 10.
Studies on heavy lifting
The Indian government noted studies that show how a heavy load can affect students' soft and developing spines.
One study by the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India found that 68 percent of young children might suffer from mild back pain. The mild pain can develop into long-term back pain and affect bones of the spinal column.
The study involved more than 2,500 children between the ages of seven and 13. It found that more than 88 percent of children carried more than 45 percent of their body weight on their backs.
Rashmi Tapke is a mother of two children in Mumbai. She said heavy school bags reflect poor planning.
She supports the federal weight limits. She added, "If they (schools) plan, they can repeat the subjects taught and thus reduce the load. My kids find it difficult to carry so many books."
Mumbai is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. The state requires that a school bag's weight should be no more than 10 percent of a child's body weight. Many schools there have started using white boards and projectors in classes. This has reduced the numbers of books to be carried to school.
But in large parts of rural India, children still have to walk great distances, weighed down by heavy school bags.
Rajinder Shukla's daughter attends school in Uttar Pradesh state. He said she has to bring "about 4-5 kilograms of books in her school bag and also carry her lunch box and water bottle in a separate bag."

重点解析

1.suffer from 遭受

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Many kids suffer from acne and angst.
许多年轻人都会受到青春痘和焦虑的困扰lmMv|urBWJk

2.depend on 取决于

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Needy and handicapped people depend on government relief for their support.
穷人和残疾人依靠政府的救济维持生计ysUh^Nz%I1fSGDFNN_]

3.set limits 设限

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Most of us choose not to set limits on our nighttime availability.
我们绝大部分人都不会给晚上的时间设定限制;QkG.xlebl*!

4.back pain 背痛

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A massage may relieve your back pain.
按摩可能会减轻你的背痛YPnCk=o~#+YR*(0XRv%

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5.It urged all Indian states to set limits in accordance with the new guidance.

in accordance with 依照;与...一致

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We should make decisions in accordance with specific conditions.
我们应当根据具体情况做出决定^_s1yDpwq]*r8-wT
Entries which are not in accordance with the rules will be disqualified.
不符合规定的参赛作品将被取消资格TBbS^hV[^((f]

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6.My kids find it difficult to carry so many books."

find it difficult to 发现做某事困难

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You will find it difficult to construct a spending plan without first recording your spending.
你会发现不先把自己的开销记录下来就很难制订支出计划+LJ9Ef|mA8
Some people find it difficult to discern blue from green.
有些人难以鉴别蓝绿两种颜色Ze_uD#9jN-5X[T]~

参考译文

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印度政府下令为学生书包“减负”
印度官员最近批准了儿童书包重量的指导意见HhL^*JCgD)
该国中央政府表示,书包重量应该视孩子的年龄而定dm&spb0DehPLi=。它敦促印度各邦根据新的指导意见设定重量限制kaK8lc#*vDnphhH5nX+
印度官员谴责学校让学生背负沉重的书包以及给低龄儿童子布置家庭作业的行为.FH.M~q=],Eu@3yNj
根据新的指导方针,一、二年级的学生不会布置任何家庭作业iM1darQ&XY-sA!HDh。这将确保最小的学生不必将书本带回家#eM|RRylFpqz
对于3到5年级的学生来说,他们的书包重量不会超过3公斤s-u|Qt.),Tpx6-3nFI6。而10年级学生的书包重量不会超过5公斤.CFQg0QttuGM3JEEq|Jp

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印度政府下令为学生书包“减负”.jpeg
印度政府提到了一些研究,研究显示了沉重的负荷会伤害学生柔软并正在发育的脊柱IKHPGt)3A_&ECq[YF
印度工商联合会的一项研究发现,68%的低龄儿童可能出现轻微背痛9gVVeZmWVn。这种轻微疼痛会逐渐发展为长期背痛,并影响脊柱骨骼iQ51W|trHcTrX@Ib5XH3
这项研究涉及2500多名7到13岁的儿童kHEXQV@dwmt8^。研究发现,超过88%的儿童背部负重超过他们体重的45%lu7pLjpgh(6Y3j~
孟买的拉希米·塔普克(Rashmi Tapke)是两个孩子的母亲S!8V=imgqugSpcaL7K9c。她说沉重的书包反映了不够完善的计划0~FJ6UmZr]X_gWX
她支持联邦作出的书包重量限制!T~SoHF_p6(WV。她补充说,“如果他们有计划,他们可以重复教授科目,从而减轻负担hlQlSxEB3-VnB%W,l~^W。我的孩子们发现背这么多书太痛苦了9oJEmvCg;Q。”
孟买是印度马哈拉施特拉邦的首府Dhj%+qU+IjNw7|%。该邦规定书包重量不应超过孩子体重的10%OVYH%Cak1N8xJgM。当地许多学校都开始使用白板和投影仪授课OQiTRxQB.rh。这减少了学生上学需携带的书本QzC#@w#I60;s306m5lhk
然而,印度大部分农村地区的孩子长途跋涉地去上学,他们被沉重的书包压得喘不过气]&BwnVfh,O;r)2,vjeD_
拉金德尔·舒库拉(Rajinder Shukla)的女儿在北方邦上学uvl3^W,KK-qrg,(9Q4W+。他说,女儿必须背着“装有约4、5公斤重的书包,还得单独拎一个放饭盒和水瓶的袋子ZIAh7WL;qPusR1O%S@。”

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • separaten. 分开,抽印本 adj. 分开的,各自的,单独的 v
  • ruraladj. 农村的
  • availabilityn. 有效,有用,有益;可得到的人(或物)
  • affectvt. 影响,作用,感动
  • constructvt. 构筑,建造 n. 构想
  • discernv. 辨别,看清楚
  • reflectv. 反映,反射,归咎
  • mildadj. 温和的,柔和的
  • recordingn. 录音 动词record的现在分词
  • specificadj. 特殊的,明确的,具有特效的 n. 特效药,特性