NPR讲解附字幕:中美贸易战休战90天 特朗普将终止北美自贸协定
日期:2018-12-05 17:48





China and the United States struck a truce in their trade war at the G-20 summit last night. The White House says it has delayed slapping on more tariffs, and China says it will buy more from the United States. We're joined now by NPR's Jim Zarroli. Morning.
JIM ZARROLI, BYLINE: Good morning, Lulu.
GARCIA-NAVARRO: I feel like we may have seen this movie before, but take us through what's been agreed to here.
ZARROLI: Well, this summer, as you might recall, the Trump administration imposed a 10 percent tariff on $200 billion worth of Chinese imports. And it said it would increase that to 25 percent by January 1 if China didn't agree to change some of its trade practices. So last night, President Trump met with Chinese President Xi Jinping at the summit in Argentina. And at the end, the White House said it had agreed to put off the increase in the tariffs for 90 days to give both sides time to work out a deal. It wants China to address issues like intellectual property theft. The White House also said that China has agreed to buy what's being called a very substantial amount of U.S. products right away to reduce the trade imbalance. That will include a lot of agricultural products like soybeans.
GARCIA-NAVARRO: And that's quite important, of course, because, you know, soybeans is a big thing here. So how does this change the current trade tensions between the two countries? Is this significant?
ZARROLI: Yes, I think it — I mean, the U.S. and China have really been at odds for months about trade. And the two sides have really — haven't really been meeting for a long time. It was, like, kind of like a game of chicken. Meanwhile, you were seeing a lot of trade start to be affected. A lot of U.S. companies were paying more for products they import from China. Companies like, you know, automakers and textile companies, toy makers — they were all being hurt. China suddenly stopped buying American agriculture products like soybeans.
ZARROLI: So this really reduces the tensions considerably.




GARCIA-NAVARRO: Why do you think the United States and China have suddenly agreed to back down? It wasn't a given. There was a lot of speculation before this meeting that nothing would come of it.
ZARROLI: Well, I think the thing is that so much is at stake. I mean, China, for instance, you know, grows really fast, but it's seeing its growth slow. And it needs access to U.S. markets. And the tariffs threaten to cut into that. Here in the U.S., I mean, the tariffs were really beginning to affect the economy. You saw the stock market fall quite a bit in recent weeks. I mean, Trump likes to boast about stock prices going up during his time in office. But prices have really fallen since early October, and the trade tensions are part of that. So you can expect the financial markets to react pretty positively to this news tomorrow.
GARCIA-NAVARRO: Not to mention the political implications. In another development yesterday, President Trump signaled that he would be shortly pulling out of the North American Free Trade Agreement — or NAFTA. What's going on?
ZARROLI: You know, this is brinksmanship, I think. Remember, on Friday, Trump signed this new trade deal with Canada and Mexico that's meant to replace NAFTA. The three countries have been working on it for months. It doesn't go into effect, though, unless Congress approves it. And it's not clear Congress is ready to do that, especially the Democrats, who are about to control the House. This is Trump's way of saying, you better pass this, or I'll get rid of NAFTA. And then we won't have any trade pact at all. And that would just be a disaster.
GARCIA-NAVARRO: That's NPR's Jim Zarroli. Thank you.
ZARROLI: You're welcome.












1. back down 放弃(主张、要求、承诺等);打退堂鼓;
The United States had no intention of backing down in its bitter row over farm subsidies.
2. boast about 吹嘘;炫耀;夸耀;
She is always boasting about how wonderful her children are.
3. not to mention 不用说;更不必说;
He has two big houses in this country, not to mention his villa in France.
4. go into effect 开始实施;生效;有效;
The Senate, however, must approve all treaties and confirm the appointments before they can go into effect.


  • havenn. 港口,避难所,安息所 v. 安置 ... 于港中,
  • replacevt. 取代,更换,将物品放回原处
  • intentionn. 意图,意向,目的
  • stockn. 存货,储备; 树干; 血统; 股份; 家畜 adj
  • staken. 桩,赌注,利害关系 v. 下注,用桩支撑
  • substantialadj. 实质的,可观的,大量的,坚固的 n. 重要部份
  • speculationn. 沉思,推测,投机
  • trucen. 休战,(争执,烦恼等的)缓和 v. 以停战结束
  • threatenv. 威胁,恐吓
  • tariffn. 关税,价目表 vt. 交关税