Anne Frank House Museum Upgraded for a New Generation
The Anne Frank House Museum was built in the place where the Jewish teenager and her family hid from the Nazis in the Netherlands during World War II.
Dutch King Willem-Alexander reopened the museum after it was renovated to receive a new generation of visitors.
The museum and the small apartment where Anne wrote about her life in a diary receives 1.2 million visitors each year. Her diary has become the most widely-read story of the Holocaust.
Anne's story is told through photographs, parts of her diary and video of Holocaust survivors. Now, visitors can listen to a recorded explanation of Anne's life.
"We sometimes say that the Anne Frank House Museum is one of the only museums in the world that doesn't have much more to offer than empty spaces," said museum director Ronald Leopold.
He added that the audio explanation gives visitors "information without disturbing what I think is one of the most powerful elements of this house: its emptiness."
A visit to the museum begins with the history of the Frank family and their escape to the Netherlands after Hitler became the leader of Nazi Germany. It also describes their decision to go into hiding on July 6, 1942.
Visitors pass through a bookcase that hid the opening to a small, secret room where Anne, her sister Margot, her father Otto, mother Edith and four other Jews hid until they were arrested by German police on August 4, 1944.
The museum also shows the government document approving the deportation of the Franks to Auschwitz concentration camp.
From Auschwitz, Anne was later sent to the concentration camp at Bergen-Belsen, where she died in early 1945 at age 15. She was one of the six million Jews who lost their lives under the Nazis.
Of those that hid in the secret apartment, only Otto survived the war. Anne's diary was returned to him by Miep Gies, a Dutch friend who had helped the Franks. Gies found the diary after the Franks were arrested.
Otto describes reading the diary in a film recording.
"I must say I was very much surprised about the deep thoughts there she had; her seriousness, especially her self-criticism. It was quite a different Anne I had known as my daughter," he said. Since he and Anne had a close relationship, he decided that "most parents don't know — don't know really — their own children."
I'm Susan Shand.
1.empty spaces 空荡的房间
They even hired actors to dress up as employees and hand out fliers outside the empty spaces.
2.deep thoughts 沉思；冥想
Deep thoughts were implied in his simple words.
3.pass through 经过
Traffic cannot pass through the square until the mass meeting is over.
4.the concentration camp 集中营
They liberated all war prisoners from the concentration camp.
5.A visit to the museum begins with the history of the Frank family and their escape to the Netherlands after Hitler became the leader of Nazi Germany.
begins with 以...开始
A thousand-li journey begins with the first step.
The story begins with their marriage.
6.It also describes their decision to go into hiding on July 6, 1942.
go into 进入
We queued up to go into the cinema.
How dare you go into my room without asking me!
这座博物馆和安妮写自传日记的小公寓每年接待120万游客 。她的日记成为关于大屠杀最广为流传的故事 。
安妮的故事通过照片、部分日记和大屠杀幸存者的视频重现给世人 。现在，游客们可以听一段关于安妮的生活录音 。
参观博物馆首先要了解弗兰克一家的历史，以及他们在希特勒成为纳粹德国领导人后逃往荷兰的经历 。博物馆还描述了1942年7月6日他们决定躲藏起来的决定 。
后来，安妮从奥斯维辛集中营被移送至贝尔根-贝尔森集中营，1945年初在那里去世，年仅15岁 。她是纳粹统治下被迫害的600万名犹太人之一 。
那些藏身秘密公寓里的人里，只有父亲奥托在战争中幸存下来 。曾帮助弗兰克一家的荷兰朋友米普·吉斯将安妮的日记归还给奥托 。弗兰克夫妇被捕后，吉斯发现了这本日记 。
“不得不承认，我对安妮深思熟虑感到吃惊；她的严肃，她的自我批评尤其让我震惊 。他说，日记中的安妮跟我所了解的女儿判若两人 。”由于奥托和安妮的关系很亲密，他认为“大多数父母其实并不了解——没有真正了解——自己的孩子 。”