VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国非法移民遣返达10年新低
日期:2018-11-29 11:40

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Study: Undocumented Immigrants in US Reached Ten-Year Low
On Tuesday, the Pew Research Center reported that the number of immigrants staying in the United States without permission fell to a ten-year low in 2016. Researchers used government data to show that from 2007 to 2016, the number of undocumented immigrants dropped from 12.2 million to 10.7 million.
Pew linked the decrease to a large reduction in the number of Mexicans crossing the U.S. border illegally.
However, the number of immigrants from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras trying to cross over from Mexico illegally was up. Central America is the only region for which there was an increase in undocumented immigrants during the period of the study.
Arrests of Central Americans at the U.S.-Mexico border have also risen. But Pew researchers said arrests remained well below their highest number in 2014.
Most unauthorized immigrants overstayed their visas
Researchers found that two-thirds of adult unauthorized immigrants have lived in the U.S. for more than 10 years. Most unauthorized immigrants enter the U.S. on legal visas and remain after their visas reach the end of the period of stay they permit.
The latest overstay report showed that more than 700,000 holders of visas whose time limits had been reached should have left in the 2017 fiscal year. Pew said 90 percent of overstays were from countries other than Mexico or Central America.
Deportations
Pew noted that forced expulsions – called deportations – of undocumented immigrants rose during the years when George W. Bush and Barack Obama were president. Deportations reached their highest point in 2013. These deportations could have affected the decrease in the undocumented population.
In the fiscal year 2016, most deportations were of people from Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras.
The report showed that based on limited data, deportations appear to have declined since then. It also shows a decline in those arrested at the U.S.-Mexico border, as well as an increase in those arrested inside the United States.
I'm Kelly Jean Kelly.

重点解析

1.undocumented immigrants 无证移民

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The place is rife with smugglers, dealers, undocumented immigrants, and slaves.
这里到处都是走私者、交易商、无证移民甚至奴隶.-2Uy[hXw5OisfqH

2.limited data 有限数据

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Despite limited data, several studies reveal information on the cost impact of drowning.
尽管数据有限,但一些研究揭示溺水造成的代价有多大wnxg5mnJv]ng=CW&j60

3.fiscal year 财政年度

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As to your wish to have an extra secretary, let's leave it open until the next fiscal year.
你希望增补一名秘书的事,到下一财政年度再定MAPXodR_EU

4.as well as 和...一样

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Moral as well as financial support was what the West should provide.
西方国家应该提供道义支持和经济援助OI@IOB]Vtf+*~i193y

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5.The report showed that based on limited data, deportations appear to have declined since then.

since then 自那以后

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Since then he has been drawing a pension.
从那时起他一直领退休金T]rZXomb1i2+&zOyD+
Since then I've been waiting on events.
自那以后,我就一直在观望事情的发展eU+lsG6]I8Yg

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6.Pew said 90 percent of overstays were from countries other than Mexico or Central America.

other than 除了;不同于

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His ribs were damaged, but other than that he's in good nick.
他的肋骨受了损伤,但除此之外一切都还好yd8G7h;%QANZ
She makes no reference to any feminist work other than her own.
除了自己的之外,她没有提及其他女权主义著作I0|dIwAz+[R77omon(

参考译文

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美国非法移民遣返达10年新低
周二,皮尤研究中心报告称,2016年非法滞留美国的移民数量降至10年来的最低水平eM^42V]_Vs9*+s6MqK]。研究人员利用政府的数据显示,从2007年到2016年,非法移民数量从1220万下降到1070万ye^Y7z%pRdeJJMJIdd9F
皮尤研究中心认为,这与墨西哥非法越境人数大幅下跌有关wy!Zx2[BY#_
然而,试图从墨西哥非法越境的萨尔瓦多、危地马拉和洪都拉斯移民人数有所增加Tv+&w*Tt2CP|gp。在这项研究期间,中美洲是唯一一个非法移民人数增加的地区ycebSVC.cA5
美国在美墨边境逮捕的中美洲人数量也有所上升(zasxIz+z_*n+RMZIff。但是皮尤研究中心的人员表示,逮捕人数仍远低于2014年的最高水平|whX!2i[ir#*LX1l!6q

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美国非法移民遣返达10年新低.jpg
多数非法移民的签证逾期
研究人员发现,三分之二的成年非法移民在美国已经生活了10多年@Kn;61-2n]nOj~)KX!S。大多数非法移民持合法签证入境美国,并在签证到期后仍滞留美国w0xVCpIG8V;jJPSB(
最新的逾期居留报告显示,逾70万签证到期的移民应该于2017财年离开美国x=+vYl1lpyN3。皮尤研究中心表示,90%的签证逾期居民来自墨西哥或中美洲以外的国家Vs,IOcJ]+j5^2e;HwQF
驱逐非法移民
皮尤研究中心指出,在小布什和奥巴马执政期间,强制驱逐出境的非法移民人数有所上升A|sWHm7kxiIX+4l。被驱逐出境的移民数量在2013年达到顶峰g5Ejdw)&I]eAq.。驱逐出境可能影响到非法移民人数的下降5^Vay7tK_7iUD
在2016财年,大多数被驱逐出境的移民来自墨西哥、危地马拉、萨尔瓦多和洪都拉斯XD^Et##&.7GHWB
该报告显示,基于有限的数据,自那以后,被驱逐出境的人数似乎有所下降W^nX#jX8B&。数据还显示,美墨边境被捕人数也有所下降,但美国境内被捕的移民人数却有所增加5v.Fg;-m;[3#
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • revealvt. 显示,透露 n. (外墙与门或窗之间的)窗侧,门
  • permissionn. 同意,许可,允许
  • rifeadj. 流行的,盛传的,非常多的
  • populationn. 人口 ,(全体)居民,人数
  • fell动词fall的过去式 n. 兽皮 vt. 砍伐,击倒 a
  • feministn. 女权主义者 adj. 主张男女平等的,女权主义的
  • declinen. 衰微,跌落; 晚年 v. 降低,婉谢
  • limitedadj. 有限的,被限制的 动词limit的过去式和过去
  • permitn. 许可证,执照 v. 允许,许可
  • fiscaladj. 财政的,国库的