Judge Bars Enforcement of Trump’s Asylum Ban
A United States federal judge has barred the Trump administration from changing asylum laws. The judge stopped a presidential order that would have blocked immigrants from seeking asylum if they entered the United States illegally.
President Donald Trump signed the order on November 9. It denied asylum to anyone who crossed the southern border without going through official ports of entry. He acted in answer to large groups of Central Americans currently walking to the U.S. border with Mexico. They have said they plan to enter the U.S. Many are fleeing violence in their homelands.
Trump described the so-called "caravan" of Central Americans as a national security threat. U.S. troops are deployed to the border to help stop what Trump has also called an "invasion."
But on Monday, the judge in the case said that the president is not permitted to "rewrite the immigration laws to impose a condition that Congress has expressly forbidden."
The U.S. Immigration and Nationality Act says a migrant is permitted to make a claim for asylum up to one year after arriving in the U.S. The law does not set any conditions about how they arrive.
A lawyer for the Center for Constitutional Rights said the law "couldn't be clearer." The center is part of the group that took legal action against the order.
The Department of Homeland Security, or DHS, and the Department of Justice answered the court decision in a joint statement Tuesday. It said, "As the Supreme Court affirmed this summer, Congress has given the President broad authority to limit or even stop the entry of aliens into this country."
Last June, the Supreme Court ruled that Trump has the power to establish a travel ban against people from some Muslim-majority countries.
The federal judge's ruling against the asylum ban, however, will remain in effect for one month barring an appeal. It will also make it harder for the government to deport illegal migrants.
DHS officials say about 70,000 people a year request asylum after entering the country illegally. But — illegal crossings overall are well below historical highs from previous decades.
Trump administration officials had argued that the order is meant to force asylum seekers to go through official border crossings. The legal ports of entry have very long lines of people waiting for entry.
I'm Jonathan Evans.
1.go through 参加；经过
He was going through a very difficult time
2.took legal action 采取法律手段
They took legal action to stop the oil companies.
3.make a claim for 提出...的请求
Where can I make a claim for lost baggage ?
4.national security 国家安全
He added that his aim was to protect young Egyptians and national security.
5.The federal judge's ruling against the asylum ban, however, will remain in effect for one month barring an appeal.
remain in effect 仍然有效
The old system of taxation will remain in effect until next May.
Independent trade unions will remain in effect illegal.
6.The federal judge's ruling against the asylum ban, however, will remain in effect for one month barring an appeal.
ruling against 否决
He defied the club's ruling against talking to the press.
Supreme Court ruling paved the way, ruling against some bondholders' blocking of the sale.
美国一名联邦法官禁止特朗普政府修改庇护法 。该法官叫停了一项禁止非法进入美国的移民申请庇护的总统令 。
特朗普总统11月9日签署了这项命令 。该命令拒绝向任何未经官方入境口岸而越过南部边境的人提供庇护 。特朗普此举是为了回应目前大批涌向美墨边境的中美洲人 。他们称，打算进入美国 。其中许多难民是为了逃离祖国的暴力冲突 。
特朗普称，所谓的中美洲“大篷车”是对美国国家安全的威胁 。美国军队被派遣到边境，以帮助阻止特朗普所谓的“入侵” 。
宪法权利中心的一位律师指出，这项法律再清楚不过了 。该中心是对特朗普禁令提起诉讼的团体的一部分 。
美国国土安全局以及司法部在周二的联合声明中对法院的判决作出回应 。该声明指出：“正如今夏最高法院确定的那样，国会赋予总统广泛的权力来限制甚至阻止外国人进入美国 。”
国土安全部官员表示，每年约7万人在非法入境后申请庇护 。但总体而言，非法越境人数远低于过去几十年的历史高点 。
特朗普政府官员辩称，该命令旨在迫使寻求庇护者通过官方口岸入境 。合法入境口岸等待入境的人群已经排起了长队 。