Trump to Deny Asylum to Migrants Entering US Illegally
United States President Donald Trump said on Friday he has signed an order to deny asylum to migrants who enter the country illegally.
"We need people in our country but they have to come in legally" Trump said.
He spoke as he was leaving for Paris to attend observances of the 100th anniversary of the end of World War I.
The president signed the order as groups of Central American migrants travel to the U.S. border with Mexico. Many are fleeing violence in their homelands. It is not known if the large group plans to illegally cross the border.
The American Civil Liberties Union, or ACLU, and several other rights groups immediately brought legal action against the order in a federal court in California.
ACLU attorney Lee Gelernt said Trump's order ignores immigration law passed by Congress to provide asylum to those in danger.
The U.S. Immigration and Nationality Act says a migrant is permitted to make a claim for asylum up to one year after arriving in the U.S. The law does not set a condition on how they arrive – illegally or through a border crossing.
Officials from the Trump administration said the order is meant to force asylum seekers to go through official border crossings. The legal ports of entry along the southern border already have long lines of people.
In 2017, the U.S. received more than 330,000 asylum claims. That number is the highest in the world and nearly double the number from two years earlier. Additionally, U.S. immigration courts have a list of more than 800,000 claims that are being considered for approval.
Officials said people who are denied asylum may be permitted to receive a similar form of protection if they fear returning to their countries. But they would be subject to higher requirements. The protection is called "withholding of removal." It does not permit migrants to receive green cards or to bring family members.
Officials estimated that about 7,000 Central American migrants are in Mexico heading to the U.S. They are mainly poor people and many say they are fleeing violence. It is estimated that 1,700 are children under 18, and more than 300 are children under age 5.
I'm Mario Ritter.
1.legal action 法律诉讼
He plans to take legal action.
2.federal court 联邦法院
He is expected to appear in federal court today.
3.a list of 一列
This sheet contained a list of problems a patient might like to raise with the doctor
4.travel to 前往
He determined that he would travel to New York this summer holiday.
5.ACLU attorney Lee Gelernt said Trump's order ignores immigration law passed by Congress to provide asylum to those in danger.
in danger 处于危险中
The doctors pronounced that he was no longer in danger.
Once being in danger of life, he would hit on the way to escape.
6.It is not known if the large group plans to illegally cross the border.
It is not known 尚不清楚
It is not known whether he has been evaluated by a neurologist recently.
It is not known if they will return to the UK for the birth.
特朗普签署这项法令时，中美洲移民正大批涌入美墨边境 。很多移民是为了逃离家乡的暴力冲突 。目前尚不清楚这些移民是否意图非法越境 。
该协会律师李·格兰恩特（Lee Gelernt）表示，特朗普的命令无视了国会通过的移民法案，该法案旨在为处于危险中的移民提供庇护 。
《美国移民与国籍法》中规定，移民抵达美国后可以申请长达一年的庇护 。该法没有对移民如何抵达美国做出任何条件限制，无论是非法入境还是合法过境 。
特朗普政府的官员们表示，该命令意在迫使移民通过过境关卡进入美国 。南部边境的合法入境口岸已经排起了长队 。
2017年，美国接收了33万多份庇护申请 。这是全球最高的庇护申请数据，较2年前约增长了2倍 。此外，美国移民法院还列出了一份有80多万份庇护申请尚待审核的名单 。
官员表示，避难申请被拒的移民如果害怕返回自己国家，或许还可以获得类似形式的庇护 。但这类移民将面临更为严苛的要求 。这项庇护名为“免于递解出境” 。这样的移民无法获得绿卡或携带家属入境 。
据官员估计，约7000名中美洲移民正在经由墨西哥边境进入美国 。这些人大多是穷人，其中的很多人表示，他们是为了逃避暴力冲突 。据估测，1700人都是未成年儿童，300多人是5岁以下的儿童 。