For France, 100 Years of World War I Cleanup Still to Come
In a few weeks, the world will mark the 100th anniversary of the end of World War I. But experts in France say it could be another 100 years before France is cleansed from the weapons left behind.
In fields across eastern France, bomb experts continue searching for ammunition and other equipment left from the conflict. Some remain unexploded and dangerous.
The Meuse river runs through Vilosnes-Haraumont, a town near the city of Verdun. The German army placed thousands of shells in the river after the battle of Mort Homme in 1916.
Last week, two divers jumped into the cold waters to tie ropes around many artillery shells buried in the river. Then a large machine carefully lifted the old bombs out of the water and placed them on the grass. In one day, workers removed more than five tons of unexploded shells from the Meuse.
A demining center in Metz, France, says it collects between 45 and 50 tons of bombs a year. The center says there are at least 250 to 300 tons still buried in the nearby rivers and hills of eastern France.
Guy Momper is the bomb clearance expert leading the removal effort. "We need to tidy up the land," he said. When a shell is found, he said, "we go out and collect it."
World War I was mostly fought on French and Belgian land. More than 10 million soldiers, including 1.4 million French, died in the war. The soldiers dug trenches; long, narrow spaces in the ground from which they would fight. The war changed the land of France, Germany and Belgium.
It ended on Nov. 11, 1918. But, its effects can still be seen. Old trenches are still in the fields and the ground still has many holes from exploded bombs.
The bombs pulled from the Meuse river have little risk of exploding, but Momper and his team want to be sure there are no accidents. The team places the shells beside the road next to the river, to await their safe removal.
I'm Susan Shand.
1.pulled from 从...中拉出
She was revived after being pulled from the surf.
2.at least 至少
He's been away for at least a week.
3.left behind 遗留
His wife left behind her two little girls.
4.go out 出去；熄灭
The bedroom light went out after a moment.
5.In one day, workers removed more than five tons of unexploded shells from the Meuse.
In one day 一天内
The judge conducted four trials in one day.
She read the entire novel in one day.
6.In a few weeks, the world will mark the 100th anniversary of the end of World War I.
In a few weeks 几周后
I'll be leaving town in a few weeks.
I'm of the opinion that the prices of vegetables will go up in a few weeks.
几周后，全球将迎来第一次世界大战结束100周年 。但是法国专家表示，法国可能还需要100年才能完全清除当时遗留的武器威胁 。
默兹河流经凡尔登市的维洛斯内阿罗蒙镇 。1916年的莫尔翁战役结束后，德军在河中放置了数千枚炸弹 。
上周，两名潜水员跳入冰冷的河水里，将河中埋着的炸弹用绳索捆绑住，然后一台大型机器小心翼翼地将这些炸弹从水中吊起，并放置到草地上 。一天之内，工作人员从默兹河中移走的未爆炸弹超过5吨 。
法国梅斯的一家排雷中心表示，每年会清除45吨到50吨炸弹 。该中心指出，在法国东部的河流山丘附近，至少还埋有250吨到300吨的炸弹 。
盖伊·蒙佩尔（Guy Momper）是负责此次拆弹工作的专家 。他说：“我们需要清理干净这些土地 。”发现炸弹后，“我们会立刻清除干净 。”
第一次世界大战主要是在法国和比利时的领土上进行的 。超过1000万士兵在战争中丧生，其中包括140万法国士兵 。士兵们挖掘战壕，方便在这样的狭长的地面空间里作战 。这场战争改变了法国、德国和比利时的版图 。
这场战争于1918年11月11日结束 。但是，战争的影响依旧清晰可见 。旧时的战壕仍然蜿蜒在田地里，地面也遗留着很多弹坑 。
从默兹河中的炸弹几乎没有爆炸的危险，但是蒙佩尔和他的团队希望确保不会发生事故 。他们将炮弹放在河边的路旁，等待它们被安全拆除 。