Barcelona’s Cathedral Gets Building Permit 130 Years Later
Barcelona's Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona, Spain, is finally getting a building permit, more than 130 years after work on the structure began.
City officials announced the permit agreement earlier this month. It ended a long argument over the legality of the continuing work on the cathedral. Under the agreement, the cathedral will pay city officials 36 million euros. The money will be used to help pay for improvements to city streets and Barcelona's public transportation system.
Building equipment has long surrounded the tall spires of Spanish architect Antoni Gaudi's most famous building.
The building of Sagrada Familia began in 1882. It is set to be completed by 2026, 100 years after Gaudi's death. He was struck by a vehicle in Barcelona in 1926. He lay on the street in pain for hours. By the time he arrived at a hospital, it was too late.
At the time of his death, workers had completed only about 25 percent of the cathedral.
Progress has been slow in the years since. Work was stopped during the Spanish Civil War in the 1930s. Many of Gaudi's original plans were lost. Building began again in the 1950s.
Gaudi's design for Sagrada Familia includes modernist, Art Nouveau and traditional Gothic elements. It also includes 18 towers. Eight of them have been built.
Barcelona residents have long argued about Sagrada Familia. Many do not like Gaudi's design. Others believe it is too costly to complete.
But art critics admire it greatly.
Art critic Rainier Zerbst said, "It is probably impossible to find a church building anything like it in the entire history of art."
Famous architecture critic Paul Goldenberger said Sagrada Familia was the best "interpretation of Gothic architecture since the Middle Ages."
In 2010, Pope Benedict XVI declared Sagrada Familia a basilica, an honor that only the pope can give.
I'm Caty Weaver.
1.pay for 支付
We will not pay for your crisis.
2.Civil War 内战
The clergymen of the Christian Church were often rabbled in the civil war.
3.transportation system 交通系统
The inefficient transportation system should be blamed for the chaos, the voters said.
4.the Middle Ages 中世纪
The plague was greatly feared in the Middle Ages.
5.Others believe it is too costly to complete.
it is too costly to 做某事的代价太高
It is too costly to pay such a high price.
Apartment buildings are located in cities where it is too costly to build houses.
6.IBy the time he arrived at a hospital, it was too late.
it was too late 太晚做某事
He cried, but it was too late.
We both tried to get the coins, but it was too late.
本月初，巴塞罗那官员宣布这项建筑许可协议 。这项协议结束了长期以来对有关大教堂继续建造的合法性的争议 。根据协议，大教堂将向市政官员支付3600万欧元 。这笔资金将用于改善该市的城市街道、完善公共交通系统 。
建造大教堂的机械设备长期堆放在这座由西班牙建筑师安东尼·高迪(Antoni Gaudi)操刀的著名建筑的高耸塔尖周边 。
圣家族大教堂始建于1882年 。如今，这座建筑将于2026年完工，也就是高迪逝世后的100年 。1926年，高迪在巴塞罗那被一辆汽车撞倒 。他在街上躺几个小时 。等被送往医院抢救时，已经太晚了 。
此后数年，建造大教堂的进度十分缓慢 。20世纪30年代，西班牙内战爆发，大教堂的建造被迫中止 。高迪的很多最初设计理念也丢失了 。20世纪50年代，大教堂又开始重新建造 。
高迪对圣家族大教堂的设计融合了现代主义、新艺术风格和传统哥特式元素 。这座建筑还包括18座塔 。其中8座已经建成 。
巴塞罗那居民对圣家族大教堂的争论由来已久 。许多人都不喜欢高迪的设计 。还有一些人认为，这项工程的成本太高了 。
艺术评论家雷尼尔·泽布斯特（Rainier Zerbst）表示：“纵观艺术史，可能再也没有圣家族大教堂这般宏伟的教堂建筑了 。”
著名建筑评论家保罗·戈登伯格（Paul Goldenberger）称：“圣家族大教堂是中世纪以来对哥特式建筑的最佳诠释” 。