German Chancellor Merkel to Step Down in 2021
Germany's Angela Merkel says she will not seek a fifth term as chancellor in 2021.
In an announcement on Monday, Merkel also said she would step down as leader of her conservative Christian Democratic Union, or CDU party, in December.
Merkel, who is 64, has served as chancellor since 2005. She has led the CDU since 2000. Her decision to step down as party leader came after the CDU suffered setbacks in local elections in recent weeks.
Merkel currently leads Germany as part of a "grand coalition" of the country's biggest political parties. These include the CDU and its partner in the southern state of Bavaria, the Christian Social Union, or CSU. The center-left Social Democratic Party, or SPD, is also part of the coalition. Her current coalition began its leadership in March after six months of difficult political negotiations.
Her party's latest election setback happened Sunday in the central state of Hesse. Merkel's CDU party narrowly finished in first place, while suffering an 11-point drop from the last election in 2013. The SPD also suffered losses.
Sunday's voting followed a state election in Bavaria two weeks ago, in which the SPD and CSU also suffered major setbacks.
The losses came as support has increased for Germany's Green Party as well as the anti-immigrant Alternative for Germany, or AfD.
Merkel told reporters in Berlin that, after leading the CDU for 18 years, she felt "today it is time to start a new chapter."
Merkel added that she would "not aim for any other political office."
Observers had widely expected that Merkel would not seek another term in office after 2021. But her announcement marked the first public confirmation of it.
Merkel has said in the past that she believed the chancellor should also serve as party leader. But on Monday, she said she had decided that splitting the two jobs may help strengthen the party. She said she would not interfere in the choice for her successor.
Merkel also said she hoped her decision to step down would permit "the government to concentrate its strength, finally, on governing well." She added: "People rightly demand that."
Growing anti-immigrant feelings in Germany have fueled support for the AfD in recent years.
In one of her most debated political decisions, Merkel approved the acceptance of more than one million refugees during Europe's migrant crisis in 2015. Many of the arrivals were fleeing fighting in Syria.
Her decision led to lasting tensions within the conservative movement. Merkel later accepted more restrictive migration policies.
I'm Bryan Lynn.
1.as well as 和...一样；也
She can play tennis as well as basketball.
2.migration policies 移民选举
Current migration policies discriminate against children of migrants.
3.local elections 地方选举
The BNP plans to field candidates in the local elections next month.
4.party leader 政党领袖
The decision was made against the wishes of the party leader.
5.Merkel, who is 64, has served as chancellor since 2005.
served as 担任
For seven years until 1991 he served as a district councillor in Solihull.
The lid, turned upside down, served as a coffee table.
6.Her decision to step down as party leader came after the CDU suffered setbacks in local elections in recent weeks.
step down 辞职；下台
The president need not step down so long as the elections are held under international supervision.
The reactionaries will never, of their own accord, step down from the stage of history.
现年64岁的默克尔自2005年以来一直担任德国总理 。她从2000年开始领导基民盟 。近几周，基民盟在地方选举中遭遇挫折后，默克尔决定辞去该党党首职务 。
默克尔目前作为德国最大政党“大联盟”的一员领导着德国 。其中包括基督教民主联盟及其位于南部巴伐利亚州的合作伙伴——基督教社会联盟（CSU） 。中间偏左政党——社会民主党（SPD）也是“大联盟”的一部分 。在经历了6个月的艰难政治谈判后，她目前的联合政府于今年3月上台执政 。
她所属的政党在选举中遭遇的最新挫折发生在周日的黑森州中部地区 。默克尔领导的基民盟以微弱优势排名第一，与2013年的上次选举相比，该党的得票率下降了11个百分点 。社民党也损失惨重 。
与此同时，德国绿党（Green Party）以及反对移民的德国新选择党（AfD）的支持率有所上升 。
观察家们普遍预计，默克尔将不会在2021年寻求连任 。但她的声明标志着首次官方证实该消息 。
默克尔曾表示，她认为总理以及该党党首职务应由一人担任 。然而周一，她表示，已经决定将这两个职位分开，此举可能有助于巩固执政党的地位 。但她表示，她不会干涉继任者的选择 。
默克尔还表示，她希望辞职的决定能够让“政府最终集中力量，治理好政府” 。她补充说：“人们要求这样做是合情合理的 。”
在2015年的欧洲移民危机期间，默克尔批准接纳100多万难民，这成为其最具争议的政治决定之一 。许多难民是为了逃离叙利亚的战乱 。
该决定也导致了保守党内部持久的紧张关系 。默克尔后来接受了更为严格的移民政策 。