VOA建国史话(翻译+字幕+讲解):20世界90年代的美国生活
日期:2018-10-22 19:44

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Today, we tell about life in the United States during the nineteen nineties. Many experts describe the nineteen nineties as one of the best periods in United States history. During almost all that time, America was at peace. The frightening and costly military competition with the Soviet Union had ended. The threat of a nuclear attack seemed greatly reduced, if not gone. Military officials said America's defenses were strong. The economy improved from poor to very good. Inflation was low. So was unemployment. Production was high. Scientists and engineers made major progress in medicine and technology. The Internet computer system created a new world of communications. America grew by almost thirty-three million people during the nineteen nineties. This is the most the United States has ever grown during a ten-year period. Some minority groups are growing faster than the white population.

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For the first time in seventy years, one in ten Americans was born in another country. During the past ten years, there was a huge increase in immigrants from Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia. More than two hundred eighty million people lived in the United States by the end of the twentieth century. This population was getting older, however, and needing more costly health care. And, America had other problems in the nineteen nineties. Some people feared crime in the streets. People were shot and killed in offices and schools. Divisions grew between rich people and poor people. Racial tensions remained high. In nineteen ninety-nine, Congress impeached the president of the United States. President Clinton was accused of lying to courts about a sexual relationship with a young woman who worked in the White House. Bill Clinton was found not guilty. Still, the trial and the events leading to it caused deep concern among some Americans. American families changed in the nineteen nineties.

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More people ended their marriages. The rate of these divorces increased. So did the percentage of children living with only one parent. Children in such families were more likely to be poor or get into trouble. Many American children did not live with their parents at all. The number of children living with grandparents increased greatly. Test scores and national studies during the nineteen nineties showed that many public school students were not learning as they should. The nation needed more and better teachers. Racial divisions in America were a continuing and serious problem. In nineteen ninety-one, an African-American man named Rodney King was fleeing from police in Los Angeles, California. The police had chased his speeding car for miles before stopping him. They say he reacted violently when they tried to seize him. Police officers beat and kicked Mister King as he lay on the ground. A man who lived nearby filmed the beating with a video camera. He took the video to a local television station. Soon people all over the country were watching the police repeatedly striking Rodney King.

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建国史话

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The four white police officers were arrested for their actions. They were tried outside Los Angeles at their request. A jury in a nearby wealthy, conservative community found them not guilty. Within a short time, angry African-Americans began rioting on the streets of Los Angeles. The unrest lasted three days. Fifty-five people died in the violence. More than two thousand others were injured. One thousand buildings lay in ruins. Another major court trial divided black people and white people. O.J. Simpson had been a football hero and an actor. In nineteen ninety-four, Simpson was accused of killing his former wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and a male friend of hers. Simpson is African-American. Nicole Brown Simpson was white. Many legal experts believed the case against him was strong. Still, the mainly African-American jury judged him not guilty. Later, a mainly white jury found him guilty in a civil damage case. Studies showed that white people believed Mister Simpson had killed his former wife and her friend.

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Black people thought he was not guilty. During the nineteen nineties, scientists worked to map the position of all the genes in the human body. Research on this human genome map progressed slowly at first. Then it speeded up. The goal was to help scientists study human health and disease. The discovery was expected to change the way some diseases are treated. Since nineteen eighty, doctors had made important progress in treating diseases like cancer, AIDS and Parkinson's disease. But they still could not cure them. They hoped treatments developed from knowledge of human genes would help. Computer technology also had progressed greatly in the nineteen eighties. During the next ten years computers became even more important in American life. People depended on computers both at work and at home. They used the Internet to send electronic messages, get information and buy all kinds of products. They completed and sent their income tax forms. They read newspapers and books.

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They even listened to music. Americans continued to attend classical music concerts and operas. However, many more people enjoyed popular music. One popular music form was called rap. Rap music is spoken quickly rather than sung to the music of recorded rhythms. Some rap songs suggest violent actions. Others contain sexual suggestions that many people found offensive. But rap music was very popular with many young people. So was a form of rock music called grunge. During the nineteen nineties, Americans watched traditional television programs as well as new kinds of shows. Millions of people liked weekly dramas like "ER" that takes place in a busy hospital emergency room. A program called "Law and Order" tells about the work of police officers, lawyers and judges. "NYPD Blue" shows the work of police officers in New York City. A show called "Seinfeld" also told about life in New York City.

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But this program was very funny. "Seinfeld" was the most popular television show of the decade. Another funny and popular show was the animated series called "The Simpsons." Cable television programs also grew in popularity. One of the most popular was MTV. It showed music videos and other programs for young people. At the movies, Americans saw popular films like "Titanic." It told about the sinking of the famous passenger ship on its first crossing of the Atlantic Ocean in nineteen twelve. Two young people are shown falling in love during this tragic event. Another popular film was "Jurassic Park." It brought ancient, frightening dinosaurs to life. As usual, Americans enjoyed sports. Public interest in baseball decreased sharply, however, after a players' strike in nineteen ninety-four. The strike cancelled the championship World Series games that year. In nineteen ninety-eight, interest in baseball increased when two great players competed to hit the most home runs.

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Sammy Sosa and Mark McGwire helped restore the popularity of baseball. In basketball, experts say Michael Jordan became the best player in history. He led the Chicago Bulls team to win many championships. As the nineteen nineties ended, some experts worried about computers making the change to the year two thousand. They feared that computer failures might cause serious problems for everyday life. But midnight of December thirty-first passed with only a few incidents of computer trouble. Millions of people celebrated the beginning of a new century and another one thousand years. Life in the nineteen nineties had been good for many Americans. They hoped for even better days to come.

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重点解析

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1.African-American非洲裔美国人
They have constituencies they need to worry about, and some 20 to 25 percent of the Democratic base is the African-American vote.
他们也有自己的选区需要担心BaKwowx4[q7.~。 大约百分之20到25的民主党的基础是非洲裔美国人的选票yyhO+wS~aI42
2.White House 白宫
He was the first pope to visit the White House.
他是访问白宫的第一位教皇+0IU9MU#G;+i7;o~eM*
3.Latin America拉丁美洲
He disappeared to the Latin America.
他逃到拉丁美洲去了+C8W-Zcgu3z!MRGO3(
4.Los Angeles洛杉矶
They resettled in Los Angeles in 1998.
他们在1998年重新定居于洛杉矶A=85Br6s-XT
5.falling in love 坠入情网
Burgos, 34, comes from Madrid and converted to Islam after falling in love with Azizi.
34岁来自马德里的布尔戈斯与阿齐兹坠入情网之后皈依了伊斯兰教2tJ+TbmX.c;W;.

参考译文

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今天,我们为您讲述20世纪90年代的美国生活-9U~jQFu];Cv8,Y。许多专家把20世纪90年代描述为美国历史上发展最好的时期之一9;@R_WK(;u。那段时间,美国处于和平发展时期i55y7!wJ8%5DokP。与苏联骇人而高昂的军备竞赛已经结束wo*UKWuaf.。核攻击的威胁没有消失似乎也大大降低f[,j=w#jIMW@。军方官员表示,美国的防御力量强大,经济向好,通货膨胀率和失业率均较低,生产力水平高,科学家和工程师在医学和技术方面取得了重大进展=))GaIuT__。因特网计算机系统开创了一个崭新的通信世界B!Y3j[lisDHH=zDjC15M。20世纪90年代,美国人口增长了近3300万SN&U-]cP=1ss3q。这是十年内美国人口增长最多的一次(X,d^O6h(FZpU8~d)]。一些少数民族人口的增长速度快于白人人口gBG5-j(&D4FkA。十分之一的美国人出生在另一个国家,这是70年来第一次出现这种情况1I7@1Qn-8zi8vC)JJ。过去的十年里,来自拉丁美洲、加勒比地区和亚洲的移民大量增加ZVGzYZl#ATb,,enF。到二十世纪末,有超过2.8亿人生活在美国&c3@r;Fo.hzbC(]。然而,这些人正在变老,医疗保健的消费需求也在增加Xq9Ok4B@YQOm_xON=s。20世纪90年代,美国也出现了其它问题,一些人对街头犯罪充满了恐惧Zab9uaUOxImeig8@。人们在办公室和学校被枪杀,贫富差距越来越大!vGPbE-phFY_FQynp。种族关系持续紧张H&MTMbMKrwj%(_l~*Pi,

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1999年,国会弹劾了美国总统6u|_Nq[fGY2hM。克林顿总统被控在与一名年轻白宫女性发生性关系的事情上向法院撒了谎)O*t#EiretKH]C-Xd]JL。比尔·克林顿被判无罪puOVnMhf~75VN7C。尽管如此,审判和丑闻仍然引起了一些美国人的深切关注+exZ,@r^Lm~]t。20世纪90年代,美国家庭发生了变化,更多的人结束了婚姻-2oy,GXUAP=kqx8vEP3。离婚率和单亲家庭孩子的比例上升~#8~p*F(]~0.。这些孩子更有可能生活贫困或者陷入困境&uEAGe41%TQD.p。在美国,许多孩子根本不和父母住在一起,和祖父母住在一起的孩子数量大幅度增加)Yx^ayTY3IZD5。20世纪90年代,考试成绩和国家研究表明,许多公立学校的学生没有好好学习hc;Be)zT.[zz。国家需要更多更优质的教师kTkbR|~@8Q。美国的种族分裂一直是个严峻的问题w|=@|yNurztUIs@。1991年,一位名叫罗德尼·金的非裔美国人从加利福尼亚洛杉矶警察手中逃离cE0GiSC~8+3e6J^OMW。罗德尼·金超速行驶,警察追赶好几英里才把他拦住W+Fqj(3sQzlXio。警察表示,当他们试图抓住他时,罗德尼·金的反应非常激烈wsR|^)u&lUo。警察们在地上对其拳打脚踢PkhtZ!P0sJ@cG。住在附近的一名男子将整个殴打过程拍摄了下来,E_DYnED(!0W%cXsT。他把视频带到当地电视台wL_i7Rf0m*。很快,全国各地的人都看到了警察反复殴打罗德尼·金3ABCAwMAgH#Hm0i_Nw。四名白人警察因此被捕K[[O=VGt[|8zh=。应其要求,他们在洛杉矶外接受了审判]r3Oz1oJxGa17%.。附近一个富裕的保守社区的陪审团判定这些警察无罪DEHk0oi5daL

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短时间内,愤怒的非裔美国人开始在洛杉矶街头发动暴乱v1fbkeWBSW4。动乱持续了三天,55人死亡,超过2000人受伤,一千幢建筑沦为废墟X(Kw!s0(y0g6PIj。黑人和白人陪审团在判决另一案件时给出的结果截然不同OGCnK&9G,YFeXE)l。辛普森曾是一位足球英雄和演员,1994年,辛普森被指控杀害他的前妻尼科尔·布朗·辛普森和她的一个男性朋友UslK,&csnSoE-h+。辛普森是非裔美国人,尼科尔·布朗·辛普森是白人,许多法律专家认为,针对辛普森的指控理由很充分%QTR,4^]=_B*-oIK。尽管如此,主要由非裔美国人组成的陪审团判定辛普森无罪Y1E^4SV;hq#xS。后来,一个主要由白人组成的陪审团判定辛普森在这起民事损害案件中有罪8]Q+6wx95&.u2l(3pp。研究表明,白人陪审团认为辛普森杀了前妻和前妻的朋友AuRP_dqS=CFcYP^J。黑人陪审团认为辛普森无罪2UQs!Rsy3u。20世纪90年代,科学家们致力于绘制人体全部的基因图谱okgd#&+IpZQ。起初,人类基因图谱的研究进展缓慢,之后进展加快rdCit&^.CFbdyW。目的是帮助科学家研究人类健康和疾病7EB&O^d^xTjVZgVuj9。这一发现有望改变一些疾病的治疗方式dG6Uk91pQF0ZX。自1980年以来,医生在治疗癌症、艾滋病和帕金森氏症等疾病方面取得重要进展[P*3.faX0~~m#KbRjic。但是仍然不能根治这些疾病fyQI],@d98f^qUn.7。他们希望从人类基因知识中得出来的治疗方法能帮助治愈患者h3IsEcleWKe)Np,JS

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20世纪80年代,计算机技术也取得了重大进展~(%V,g2X]IRfnsr。在接下来的十年里,计算机对于美国人的生活更加重要%Y|zPR.BW4ueL[d@S6。人们的工作和家庭都离不开电脑Ul%i#b)csX7_5cz[。他们利用互联网发送电子信息,获取信息和购买各种产品,填写并寄出了所得税申报表,阅读报纸和书籍,甚至听音乐*t8s7r,,3GcM。美国人继续听古典音乐,看歌剧FTZr;|^;cM。然而,更多的人喜欢流行音乐,一种叫做饶舌音乐的音乐形式流行起来vaGphXPR#,i~。饶舌音乐的节奏很快,它不是跟着节奏演唱0KFq#ZYZ)mIH,G8XRDG。一些饶舌歌词含有暴力和性的内容,很多人觉得不堪入耳.)P7Vi]iC@@h。但是饶舌音乐备受年轻人青睐;HownJ5NjW5AxAb。还有一种叫做grunge的摇滚乐也颇受年轻人喜爱|b;D[Nfgua^6r1。20世纪90年代,美国人看传统的电视节目和新类型节目CS[Zhh_P|8.4jjl。数以百万计的人喜欢每周上映的戏剧比如《急诊室》,讲述的是在繁忙的医院急诊室里发生的故事e^[AQKty(wLbmK。一档名为《法律与秩序》的节目讲述了警察、律师和法官工作的内容DU~zrDcfI;,0GE!z。《纽约重案组》展示了纽约市警察的工作OIPk^bK69pEU[tbIQ64S。《宋飞正传》内容也是关于纽约的生活,但是很有趣)pmzZ*yT.v*8in_T=

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《宋飞正传》是这十年来最受欢迎的电视节目@aZe&.V_pO2RhN。另一个受欢迎的搞笑节目是动画片《辛普森一家》YV|[1ME|8y~R!。有线电视节目也越来越受欢迎,其中最受欢迎的是MTV9ENU+4=_=#N&RWgwmLA。MTV播放音乐视频和其他节目,受众为年轻人[Gw@-=3AKk6。在电影院,美国人观看了热门电影,比如《泰坦尼克号》oBwmicb7w|DMM+U。影片讲述了1912年,一艘著名客轮首次横渡大西洋时沉没,两个年轻人坠入爱河的悲剧故事5[|mvA_Rnrj9i9e。另一部受欢迎的电影是《侏罗纪公园》,影片讲述了远古恐龙复活的故事YRLyMUaDjT。和以往一样,美国人依旧喜欢运动C339YIRrhw0z~。然而,1994年,球员罢工之后,公众对棒球的兴趣急剧下降Xm|j-9Yf5CC。那年,世界职业棒球锦标赛因为罢工而被取消|s0VMFYuaEkQy。1998年,当两名优秀的球员在比赛中打出最多的本垒打时,人们对棒球的兴趣增加了COP]Mm%h1]d。萨米·索萨和马克·麦奎尔帮助棒球再次流行起来HT%]9M(i_lF^0#-|3H+C。在篮球方面,专家表示迈克尔·乔丹成为史上最佳球员I!kE(EURl^XCGgkBh2jU。迈克尔·乔丹带领芝加哥公牛队赢得了许多冠军vTSk^L3S1.1C=D!o!。随着20世纪90年代的结束,一些专家担心计算机会在2000年有所改变UeQQyqUz6[T[f.q,+D*。他们担心电脑故障可能会严重影响日常生活6#W[szjONm)rqm,。但是12月31日的午夜过去了,只发生了几起电脑故障e,([(5XW5JMe!.U]]=。千百万人庆祝了新世纪的开始和又一千年的到来^0nuW7Z0xd;*。20世纪90年代的生活对许多美国人来说是美好的zQDKe-Xn^=PkJ9。他们希望未来会更好;ex)6*QY*g,2#kA-U

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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