VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):俄罗斯飞船发射失败 两名宇航员逃生
日期:2018-10-12 17:08

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Astronauts Make Emergency Landing in Failed Russian Space Launch
A Russian spacecraft traveling to the International Space Station Thursday had to make an emergency landing when a rocket engine failed to fire.
It was the latest in a recent series of failures for the Russian space program, which is also used by the U.S. to carry its astronauts to the station.
United States astronaut Nick Hague and Russian cosmonaut Alexei Ovchinin landed safely about 20 kilometers from Dzhezkazgan in Kazakhstan. The city is about 450 kilometers from the Russia's Baikonur space center, which Russia operates through an agreement with the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Both the U.S. space agency NASA and Russia's Roscosmos reported that the two were quickly recovered from the landing area by rescue crews.
A spokesman for Russian President Vladimir Putin said, "Thank God the crew is alive" after they had landed safely.
NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine, who watched the launch at Baikonur tweeted that Hague and Ovchinin are in good condition. He added that a "thorough investigation into the cause of the incident will be conducted."
What happened?
About two minutes after launching, the three-stage Soyuz booster rocket suffered an unspecified failure of its second stage.
Russia's TASS news agency said the capsule carrying the two men separated from the troubled rocket safely. This caused the capsule to drop very sharply into the Earth's atmosphere. Parachutes helped slow the returning capsule. Search and rescue teams were sent to recover the crew.
Russia's RIA news agency reported that Russia has immediately suspended all manned space launches after the failure.
Roscosmos head Dmitry Rogozin said he had ordered a state commission to carry out an investigation into what went wrong. He said Russia will share all relevant information with the U.S.
The Russian space program has suffered several failures in recent years.
In August, the crew found a hole in a Russian Soyuz capsule docked to the orbiting space station. The hole caused a brief loss of air pressure before being fixed. The Russian space agency also sent 70 rocket engines back to production lines in 2016 to replace broken parts.
However, Thursday's incident was the first manned launch failure since 1983 when a Soyuz rocket exploded in the launch area. The cosmonauts safely escaped in that accident as well.
International Space Station not threatened
The two astronauts were to arrive at the International Space Station (ISS) six hours after the launch to join an American, a Russian and a German currently aboard the station.
The TASS news agency said that the ISS crew has enough supplies and that the failed launch will not affect operations.
Relations between the U.S. and Russia have been very tense in recent years. Russian activities in Ukraine, charges of interfering in the U.S. presidential election of 2016 and the conflict in Syria are some of the main issues. However, the two sides have continued their cooperation in space.
The U.S. and other nations have depended on Russia to carry astronauts to the ISS since the retirement of the Space Shuttle program in 2011.
In coming years, American aerospace companies SpaceX, with its Dragon 2, and Boeing, with its Starliner, are expected to return to space.
I'm Mario Ritter.

重点解析

1.air pressure 气压

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Air pressure during flights can cause ear problems.
飞行时的空气压力会导致耳朵不适BlaW_HfIrOTAZc2K

2.a brief of 简短的

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For each title there is a brief synopsis of the book.
每本书都对应有一个简短的介绍uSNsaan04R

3.carry out 进行;实施

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You must carry out my orders.
你必须执行我的命令R[g=8NBE-eB

4.presidential election 总统选举

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Neither of the front-runners in the presidential election is a mainstream politician.
总统选举中的两位领先者都不是主流政治家NSGlFQc,&tEK

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5.It was the latest in a recent series of failures for the Russian space program, which is also used by the U.S. to carry its astronauts to the station.

a series of 一系列的

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The students have put forward a series of questions.
学生们提出了一系列问题_e45U+3bs*uhT,wHDT
A series of technical foul-ups delayed the launch of the new product.
一系列技术问题延误了新产品的上市@.EUw_zqNq_a

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6.A Russian spacecraft traveling to the International Space Station Thursday had to make an emergency landing when a rocket engine failed to fire.

make an emergency landing 紧急降落

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We will make an emergency landing at Gimhae International airport.
我们要在金海国际机场紧急着陆3lA]lFLZk(Wz_
The plane will make an emergency landing because of the sudden breakdown of an engine.
由于飞机发动机出现故障,将做紧急迫降On*[J#6En|HAe#3+C

参考译文

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俄罗斯飞船发射失败 两名宇航员逃生
周四,一艘前往国际空间站的俄罗斯飞船在火箭发动机点火失败后不得不紧急着陆DV!|4*@ThLlauWl0(U~u
这是俄罗斯太空计划近期一系列失败案例中最新的一起事故,美国也利用这次俄罗斯太空计划将宇航员送往国际空间站BG5imIY(NPFwq~r;uLx4
美国宇航员尼克·黑格(Nick Hague)和俄罗斯宇航员阿列克谢·奥夫奇宁(Alexei Ovchinin)在距哈萨克斯坦的杰兹卡兹甘约20公里处安全着陆WE@4vhgeZ.Fs!#(G@B[。该市距俄罗斯与哈萨克斯坦共和国签订协议运营的拜科努尔航天中心约450公里Ox7GG=QI#V
美国宇航局(NASA)和俄罗斯联邦航天局报告称,两名宇航员迅速被救援人员从着陆区救起4cDH#[1Z.*-6bqNEr
俄罗斯总统普京的一位发言人在宇航员安全着陆后表示:“感谢上帝,他们平安归来了^#sni|gMyn]dPm89^Q。”

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俄罗斯飞船发射失败 两名宇航员逃生.jpg
在拜科努尔航天中心观看这次发射的美国宇航局局长吉姆·布莱登斯坦(Jim Bridenstine)发推文表示,黑格和奥夫奇宁的身体状况良好OlIq#kX*tcn。他补充说,“将对事故原因进行彻底调查MB;VB*Q@]j^-qD。”
发生了什么?
飞船发射约两分钟后,三级联盟号助推火箭在第二阶段突然意外关闭AB4%iq,Z(Y
俄罗斯塔斯社称,两名宇航员搭乘的太空舱与故障火箭安全分离hJ;yN;|!yl#A]l!N%k。这导致太空舱急剧坠入地球大气层中]D6HzwkQEW&ff=pcQ=X。降落伞帮助缓冲了太空舱的下坠速度|^k+BPa,ICy0~8C57wC。搜救队被派去营救宇航员t-30%-k^t|;
据俄罗斯俄新社报道,俄罗斯在这次发射事故后立即暂停了所有载人航天发射任务,H+rM+xS*S8JiRVd(D
俄罗斯联邦航天局局长德米特里·罗戈津(Dmitry Rogozin)已经下令国家调查委员会调查事故原因lC4Y))_F#vC。他指出,俄罗斯将与美国共享所有相关信息wMFJB[.Tu7-+y~5
近年来,俄罗斯太空计划遭遇了数次失败uv|Ev|(@ipgm@
今年8月,宇航员在对接国际空间站的俄罗斯联盟号太空舱发现了一个洞BU8ryBNNj38OBN)9qA。这个洞被修复前导致短暂的舱内气压泄露9^-#jtHr]*Yx12sBH。2016年,俄罗斯联邦航天局还曾将70台火箭发动机送回生产线以更换受损部件;.rg7eK7(.kVVqiT
然而,周四的事故是1983年联盟号火箭在发射区爆炸以来的首次载人发射失败R5Q(@bGdhPC+Kl_B!_。那次事故中,宇航员也得以逃生.y(oA!GGkcX&B5u.
国际空间站没有受到威胁
两名宇航员原计划在发射6小时后抵达国际空间站,与国际空间站现有的一名美国人、一名俄罗斯人以及一名德国人汇合IsG#PNip(x4r
俄罗斯塔斯社表示,国际空间站的宇航员有充足的补给,此次发射失败不会影响国际空间站运作DfB.gmc9Cp@puis.D&H2
近年来,美俄关系一直非常紧张*|.e]1fPm3KA8VD6。俄罗斯在乌克兰的活动、干涉2016年美国大选的指控和叙利亚冲突都是主要问题之一@~;YJrXA_t+!p;^a;K。然而,双方在太空方面仍然继续合作j,*vF2tFzB]WtgCcQpj
自2011年航天飞机计划退出以来,美国和其它国家都依赖俄罗斯向国际空间站运送宇航员~P;HHKPOUgF
未来几年,美国SpaceX航天公司的Dragon 2和波音公司的Starliner预计将重返太空b~F)q@bQH2Pe7
马里奥·里特为您播报&z1qtQ81Hz3&L

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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