US Climate Change Researchers Win Nobel Prize in Economics
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has announced the Nobel Prize in economics will go to two American researchers.
William Nordhaus of Yale University and Paul Romer of New York University will share the $1 million prize.
One received the award for his findings on the economics of climate change. The other winner discovered a method for fighting the problem.
Nordhaus has called for a worldwide tax on any activities that produce the waste gas carbon dioxide. The burning of fossil fuels create major carbon dioxide releases. The gas traps heat in the atmosphere causing worldwide warming.
Carbon taxes let producers pay for the costs of these releases. Carbon tax policies are designed to lead companies to find new ways to reduce pollution.
Romer has studied the way innovation creates profit increase. He has looked at ways to support that process. After the Nobel announcement, Romer told reporters that his work makes him hopeful that people can solve the problem of a warming planet.
"Many people think that dealing with protecting the environment will be so costly and so hard that they just want to ignore the problem. They want to deny it exists," Romer said. "I hope the prize today could help everyone see that humans are capable of amazing accomplishments when we set about trying to do something."
The two researchers worked separately. But their research connects on an issue that has become increasingly important. The question of climate change remains politically difficult, especially in big oil-producing countries.
David Warsh is the writer of the 2007 book, "Knowledge and the Wealth of Nations." He told the Associated Press that giving both Romer and Nordhaus the Nobel Prize was a great idea.
He said "Nordhaus has been concerned all along with repairing the damage" to the environment. Romer, he said, has been writing about the methods available to deal with such a technological challenge.
Per Stromberg is the head of the Nobel economics prize committee. He said the award is "about the long-run future of the world economy."
On Sunday, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released a report about global warming. It said extreme measures must be taken to avoid environmental disaster. The scientists said humans must act now to limit warming to a half degree Celsius. That is a half-degree lower than the current internationally agreed-upon goal.
The IPCC has won a Nobel itself. The group is part of the United Nations. Its latest report noted Nordhaus in its research.
The economics prize is the last of the Nobel awards to be announced this year.
I'm Dorothy Gundy.
1.Climate Change 气候变化
We are all victims of climate change.
2.environmental disaster 环境灾害
The US navy has been deployed to help avert a looming environmental disaster.
3.technological challenge 技术挑战
This presents a particular technological challenge.
4.pay for 支付；偿还
All this may be the price we pay for progress.
5.I hope the prize today could help everyone see that humans are capable of amazing accomplishments when we set about trying to do something."
set about doing 着手做某事
The new government set about dismantling their predecessors' legislation.
She set about trying to find out everything she possibly could about cancer.
6.Romer, he said, has been writing about the methods available to deal with such a technological challenge.
deal with 处理；应付
I'll deal with the children later.
I can't deal with your personal problems.
其中一人凭借在气候变化经济学方面的研究成果而获奖 。而另一位获奖者发现了一种解决该问题的方法 。
诺德豪斯呼吁在全球范围内对任何产生废气二氧化碳的活动征税 。化石燃料的燃烧产生了大量的二氧化碳 。二氧化碳在大气中吸收热量，导致全球变暖 。
碳排放税让生产商为这些排放的废气买单 。碳排放税政策旨在引导企业寻找减少污染的新方法 。
罗默研究了创新创造利润增长的方式 。他一直在寻找实现这一方式途径 。在诺贝尔奖宣布后，罗默告诉记者，他的工作让他对人类能够解决全球变暖的问题充满希望 。
“许多人认为，保护环境的工作代价巨大，困难重重，以至于他们只想忽略这个问题 。他们想要否认环境问题的存在，”罗默说 。“我希望今天这一奖项能让每个人看到，当人类尝试做某件事时，能够取得惊人的成就 。”
两位研究人员并不在一起工作 。但他们的研究都涉及到一个日益重要的问题 。气候变化问题在政治上仍很棘手，尤其是在石油生产大国 。
大卫·沃什是2007年出版的《知识与国家财富》的作者 。他告诉美联社，将奖项同时授予罗默和诺德豪斯诺贝尔奖是一个绝妙的主意 。
他说，“诺德豪斯一直关注着修复对环境的损坏 。”而罗默一直在撰写应对这一技术挑战的策略 。
斯特伦伯格是诺贝尔经济学奖委员会主席 。他说，该奖项是“关于世界经济的长期未来发展” 。
周日，联合国政府间气候变化专门委员会发布了一份关于全球变暖的报告 。该报告指出，必须采取极端措施来避免环境灾难 。科学家们说，人类现在必须采取行动，将气候变暖范围控制在0.5摄氏度以内 。这比当前国际公认的目标低了半度 。
IPCC本身也获得了诺贝尔奖 。该组织是联合国的一部分 。它的最新报告提到了诺德豪斯的研究 。