CNN双语新闻(翻译+字幕+讲解):美墨加达成新贸易协定 最终结果有待观察
日期:2018-10-11 10:55

(单词翻译:单击)

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正文文本

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A new trade agreement has been reached between negotiators for the U.S., Canada and Mexico. The three countries have been working to do this for much of Donald Trump's term as U.S. President. A major promise he made in the campaign trail was that he'd renegotiate NAFTA, the North American Free Trade Agreement. The new deal which was reached on Sunday night is called the USMCA, the United States Mexico Canada Agreement.
It's not finalized. First, the leaders of all three countries have to sign it. President Trump says he plans to do that by the end of November. Then the legislatures of all three countries have to approve it. In the U.S. Congress, this involves the Senate which has the Constitutional authority to approve treaties and the House of Representatives which also has authority when treaties are related to foreign trade. And like NAFTA, the USMCA is all about trade between the three North American countries. It involves a lot of compromise between them. For one thing, the new agreement is expected to help American farmers by allowing them to send more dairy, poultry and eggs to Canada. But some Canadian dairy farmers are concerned it will hurt their business.

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美墨加达成三边协议 NAFTA更名为USMCA.jpg
One criticism of NAFTA was it lead American auto makers to shift production to Mexico where it could be done less expensively because workers there earn less money. The USMCA is intended to encourage U.S. carmakers to do more of their manufacturing in the U.S. but critics say it could lead them to do more in Asia. So what will actually happen? Time will tell.

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参考译文

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美国、加拿大和墨西哥的谈判人员达成一项新贸易协议(H=~z&WAP(MxLP*u=g(。在唐纳德·特朗普就任美国总统之后的大部分时间里,三国一直在协商贸易协议Sxw0njrR-&5N。特朗普总统在竞选期间许下的一个重要承诺是重新协商北美自由贸易协定(简称NAFTA)|&,7]P_&Uff1Hj2xtMVn。周日晚间达成的新协议名为美墨加三国协议(简称USMCA)*!K&NC9_X-Rr^3
但这项协议还没有最终定案+no]17ZaiV8GVvhcO8pC。首先,三国领导人必须签署这一协议rT#upqY+uV1ZAHqHx+。特朗普总统表示,他计划在11月底签署协议M^b_Pn&ndXc,q~&G1。之后,三国立法机关要批准该协议tYmatp|JIJjB5;p%Z。就美国来说,这要经过美国国会参议院和众议院的批准,因为参议院拥有批准协定的宪法权力,而众议院在协定涉及对外贸易时拥有批准权力#Ge972~|ej。与北美自贸协定一样,美墨加三国协议也与三个北美国家之间的贸易有关buBPbg))H|V。该协定包括三国做出的多个妥协+wU3E*KGEfBwz。首先,新协议将允许美国农民向加拿大出售更多乳制品、禽类和鸡蛋,以此来为美国农民提供帮助[Pfhq7.^@Yp。但是一些加拿大奶农担心新协议将损害他们的生意JRW]P&PJXlnzO7A4Nc
北美自贸协定遭受的其中一个指责是,该协议导致美国汽车制造商将生产转移到墨西哥,因为墨西哥工人工资低,所以生产成本得以降低[_mtPU.~DItJCnP。而美墨加三国协议旨在鼓励美国汽车制造商增加在美国的生产,但是批评人士认为,这可能反而会增加汽车制造商在亚洲的生产XZd*HqWZ7b0h。结果到底会怎样?时间会告诉我们TR=Trj6[fHKlke6*rm4

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译文属可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载

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重点讲解

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重点讲解:
1. be related to 相关的;有联系的;
Much of the crime in this area is related to drug abuse.
这一地区的许多犯罪都与吸毒有关atNAx&WM2p+D
2. allow sb. to do sth. 允许;容许;准许;
His parents won't allow him to stay out late.
他的父母不会允许他在外待得很晚P#O20%X^=-*8[-]
3. lead sb. to do sth. 促使;使得;使;
These changed principles would lead us to rethink some of our existing relationships.
这些更新的准则,将促使我们重新思考现有的一些关系Mn@CF)T6SwJ
4. be intended to do sth. 想要;打算;计划;
His visit is intended to strengthen ties between the two countries.
他此次访问旨在增进两国间的关系yQ|3tHPIG.gZ.!W_ke

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重点单词
  • concernedadj. 担忧的,关心的
  • constitutionaladj. 宪法的,合乎宪法的,体质的,组成的 n. 散步
  • compromisen. 妥协,折衷,折衷案 vt. 妥协处理,危害 vi.
  • relatedadj. 相关的,有亲属关系的
  • campaignn. 运动,活动,战役,竞选运动 v. 从事运动,参加竞
  • authorityn. 权力,权威,职权,官方,当局
  • encouragevt. 鼓励,促进,支持
  • abusen. 滥用,恶习 vt. 滥用,辱骂,虐待
  • shiftn. 交换,变化,移动,接班者 v. 更替,移转,变声
  • strengthenv. 加强,变坚固