A new trade agreement has been reached between negotiators for the U.S., Canada and Mexico. The three countries have been working to do this for much of Donald Trump's term as U.S. President. A major promise he made in the campaign trail was that he'd renegotiate NAFTA, the North American Free Trade Agreement. The new deal which was reached on Sunday night is called the USMCA, the United States Mexico Canada Agreement.
It's not finalized. First, the leaders of all three countries have to sign it. President Trump says he plans to do that by the end of November. Then the legislatures of all three countries have to approve it. In the U.S. Congress, this involves the Senate which has the Constitutional authority to approve treaties and the House of Representatives which also has authority when treaties are related to foreign trade. And like NAFTA, the USMCA is all about trade between the three North American countries. It involves a lot of compromise between them. For one thing, the new agreement is expected to help American farmers by allowing them to send more dairy, poultry and eggs to Canada. But some Canadian dairy farmers are concerned it will hurt their business.
One criticism of NAFTA was it lead American auto makers to shift production to Mexico where it could be done less expensively because workers there earn less money. The USMCA is intended to encourage U.S. carmakers to do more of their manufacturing in the U.S. but critics say it could lead them to do more in Asia. So what will actually happen? Time will tell.
但这项协议还没有最终定案 。首先，三国领导人必须签署这一协议 。特朗普总统表示，他计划在11月底签署协议 。之后，三国立法机关要批准该协议 。就美国来说，这要经过美国国会参议院和众议院的批准，因为参议院拥有批准协定的宪法权力，而众议院在协定涉及对外贸易时拥有批准权力 。与北美自贸协定一样，美墨加三国协议也与三个北美国家之间的贸易有关 。该协定包括三国做出的多个妥协 。首先，新协议将允许美国农民向加拿大出售更多乳制品、禽类和鸡蛋，以此来为美国农民提供帮助 。但是一些加拿大奶农担心新协议将损害他们的生意 。
北美自贸协定遭受的其中一个指责是，该协议导致美国汽车制造商将生产转移到墨西哥，因为墨西哥工人工资低，所以生产成本得以降低 。而美墨加三国协议旨在鼓励美国汽车制造商增加在美国的生产，但是批评人士认为，这可能反而会增加汽车制造商在亚洲的生产 。结果到底会怎样？时间会告诉我们 。
1. be related to 相关的；有联系的；
Much of the crime in this area is related to drug abuse.
2. allow sb. to do sth. 允许；容许；准许；
His parents won't al low him to stay out late.
3. lead sb. to do sth. 促使；使得；使；
These changed principles would lead us to rethink some of our existing relationships.
4. be intended to do sth. 想要；打算；计划；
His visit is intended to strengthen ties between the two countries.