VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):科学家证实狄更逊水母为地球最古老的动物
日期:2018-10-06 23:15

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Scientists say they have confirmed that strange-looking fossils from more than 500 million years ago are remains of an animal.

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That would make it one of the earliest known creatures.

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The fossils are found within rocks. They are round with many lines, and look similar to the markings of a leaf.

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The fossils were first described in 1947. They have been found in Australia and Russia. Some are very small; others are over a meter long.

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Scientists have named the mysterious ancient organism that left these fossils behind Dickinsonia.

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But what exactly was it?

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In the past, some scientists suggested it was an animal. Others believed it was a single-celled organism called a protist.

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Researchers presented evidence that Dickinsonia was an animal in a recent paper. The paper appeared in the publication Science.

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The most important evidence was that Dickinsonia fossils found in Russia contained carbon-bearing substances produced by animals.

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Experts not connected to the study called that evidence strong. They also said most scientists who had studied the fossils already believed that Dickinsonia was probably an animal.

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Douglas Erwin is with the Smithsonian Institution. He said he is sure the fossils are from an animal.

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It is not clear when Dickinsonia lived. Some fossils are about 558 million years old, said Jochen Brocks of the Australian National University in Canberra. He was one of the researchers involved in the study.

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Brocks considers Dickinsonia to be the very oldest animal that we can be sure about. He added that it is about 2 million years older than another widely accepted animal fossil.

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Brocks said scientists do not know much about what Dickinsonia looked like. But he said they do know it was soft and flexible.

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Dickinsonia was not the first animal on Earth. Analysis of the genetic materials of living animals suggests that animals first appeared more than 720 million years ago. But scientists have never found fossils that old.

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I'm Susan Shand.

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重点解析

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1. similar to 与……相似

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You should end up with something similar to what I have below.

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操作结束后,你应该会得到与下图相似的结果kjWi*=~tT7tdg+9H@Nzz

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2. more than 多于,超过

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That would be more than I have expected.

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那已经比我期望的还要多了ue0uEJr)(,9O1

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3. be connected to 与……有关

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Business users will be connected to it to create and manage their business rules.

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业务用户将被连接到这个服务器,以便创建和管理其业务规则(ALYw.9XDB..R[Qe=

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4. be from 来自于

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This might be from others who are doing the same thing as you — friends or family, or people in your community.

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它可能是来自于与你正在做同样的事情的朋友,家人或者你的小区你的人们Ojd#V[rA]n.j5!9

参考译文

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科学家称已证实,一些模样怪异的化石来自于5亿年前,由某只动物的遗骨所化成li3bX0w|h[x2XusxRe&P

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经证实后,这只动物就成了源头最古老的已知生物了WM]j~ivZc]^+Npk~o)8

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化石是在岩石中发现的.CyvU&Q%hTCD]^u@。化石的形状是圆的,纹路很多,看起来跟树叶的标志线很相似El~5V)o;ovqetV+cJjy

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首次有记载描述这些化石是在1947年blikm%nzmtj]F,3_Hu+1。有人在澳大利亚和俄罗斯发现了这种化石D#&].#[vH+。其中,有些很小,有些却有一米多长IX#&j6oDX#6L

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科学家给留下这种化石的神秘古老生物体命名为狄更逊水母H@l]=50^w(

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但它究竟是什么呢?

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以前,一些科学家认为这是一种动物2NLqWlkJ&)gchI&。还有些科学家认为这是单细胞生物体中的原生生物B3Hz%&I([T@pR

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有研究人员在最近的一篇论文中提出了证据,可以证明狄更逊水母是一种动物BQ!Kyqso5qs,_7[BEHr!。这篇论文刊登在《科学》期刊上OUX6M62|n!V&W@qir

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最重要的证据是:俄罗斯发现的狄更逊水母化石中有动物产生的含碳物质xm|=Wda|=bP

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没有参加该研究的专家表示该证据很有力度fl-D+ADM*iuyrECfW。他们还表示,大多数研究过该化石的科学家已经认为狄更逊水母很有可能是一种动物E*m981b.Ad3=yD%-^

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道格拉斯 欧文(Douglas Erwin)在史密森尼学会工作43Y9z1L^oj。他表示自己很确定这种化石来自于动物Q1tMCD3EBZf[nRr)8O

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目前尚不明确狄更逊水母生活在什么时期yuQBW%CCJo。一些化石有近5.58亿年的历史,澳大利亚堪培拉国立大学的约亨 布拉克(Jochen Brocks)如是说道bLr(A6)G*0~zu_0R36E;。布拉克也参与了这项研究EpdO+w4PNbTKb1q322

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布拉克认为狄更逊水母是我们可以确定的最古老的动物N2]B[TE@3lfO0C*|X3。他补充说,狄更逊水母比另一种普遍认可的动物化石早存在近200万年RiWVNcZ+]+h

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布拉克表示,科学家不知道狄更逊水母长什么样子OOBvJ[;nWO*gZUy,nk*。但他说他们知道这种生物体质柔软,富有弹性f%Eu*%]*zZ6DeH*m%pj

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狄更逊水母并不是地球上出现的第一种动物,sx7|59Zo=u~;V。对活体动物遗传物质的分析表明,动物首次出现是在7.2亿多年前KA~jai]P(NhX。但科学家从未发现过有7.2亿多年历史的化石Y[MV66S_hC_

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苏珊 尚德(Susan Shand)为您播报8(W!W1&VpCJN

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • flexibleadj. 灵活的,易弯曲的,柔韧的,可变通的
  • analysisn. 分析,解析
  • confirmedadj. 习惯的,积习的,确认过的,证实的 动词conf
  • evidencen. 根据,证据 v. 证实,证明
  • organismn. 生物体,有机体
  • containedadj. 泰然自若的,从容的;被控制的 v. 包含;遏制
  • geneticadj. 基因的,遗传的,起源的
  • mysteriousadj. 神秘的,不可思议的
  • communityn. 社区,社会,团体,共同体,公众,[生]群落
  • institutionn. 机构,制度,创立