A South Sudanese surgeon has been named the winner of a United Nations award for assisting refugees.
Evan Atar Adaha received the 2018 Nansen Refugee Award for 20 years of giving medical care to people fleeing Sudan and South Sudan. The award is presented by the UN Refugee Agency, or UNHCR.
Adaha, who is age 52, is based in the town of Bunj in northeastern South Sudan. There, he runs the only hospital still in operation, which serves around 200,000 people.
Babar Baloch is a representative for UNHCR. He told VOA that Adaha's hospital is surrounded by an active conflict area. He said the doctor provides medical services under very dangerous conditions.
The only line of defense he has is his reputation and his humanitarian work. Luckily, so far, his work has been respected by all sides. His clinic is open for all sides, whoever needs his assistance.
Baloch said Adaha and his medical team perform around 58 operations each week with limited supplies and equipment. He said the doctor may be called at any hour and sometimes sleeps only one hour each day.
Resources and conditions in the hospital make Adaha's work extremely difficult. Much of the equipment is broken. The surgical theater is lit by only one light. Electricity comes from generators that often break down. The hospital is often too crowded with patients.
South Sudan's civil war is now in its fifth year. It has killed tens of thousands and caused more than four million people to flee.
Filippo Grandi leads the UNHCR. In a statement, he called Adaha's work a "shining example of...humanity and selflessness."
Adaha was born in Torit, South Sudan. As a young man, he earned an award to study medicine in Khartoum, Sudan. Later, he practiced medicine in Egypt.
He returned home in 1997 to establish his first hospital in Kurmuk, a town in Sudan's Blue Nile state.
The Nansen Refugee Award is named for Fridtjof Nansen, a Norwegian explorer, scientist, diplomat, humanitarian and Nobel Peace Prize winner. Award winners receive a medal and a $150,000 prize.
I'm Alice Bryant.
1. medical care 医疗服务
I appreciate your efforts on the AIDS crisis, and I particularly applaud your efforts to remove the stigma of AIDS in China, and to help those so much in need of medical care.
我赞赏您为战胜艾滋病危机所做的努力。 我尤其赞赏您努力在中国消除人们因艾滋病产生的羞耻感并帮助急需医疗护理的人 。
2. be surrounded by 被……包围
The man in this photograph is surrounded by white negative space, which makes the eye take notice of him.
3. so far 目前为止
So far, they appear to be up to the task.
4. break down 抛锚，出故障，瘫痪
Talks with business leaders broke down last night.
伊万 阿塔尔(Evan Atar Adaha)获得了2018年南森难民奖，因为他20年来一直在为逃离苏丹和南苏丹的人提供医疗服务。该奖由联合国难民署颁发 。
阿塔尔今年52岁了，住在南苏丹东北部的本杰。那里唯一一家还在营业的医院是他开的 。这家医院为近20万人服务 。
巴巴 俾路支（Babar Baloch）是联合国难民署的代表。他在接受VOA采访时表示，阿塔尔开的医院，其周围是冲突活跃区 。他说，这位医生在极度危险的情况下提供医疗服务 。
他唯一的防线就是自己的名声和所做的人道主义工作。幸运的是，目前为止，他的工作得到了各方的尊重 。他的诊所为所有人敞开，只要有需要，他就不会拒之门外 。
医院的资源和情况让阿塔尔的工作举步维艰。很多设备都破旧不堪 。诊所里只有一盏灯亮着 。供电的发电机经常出故障 。这家医院总是人满为患 。
菲利普 格兰迪（Filippo Grandi）是联合国难民署驻此地的负责人。在一份声明中，他将阿塔尔比作“人性和无私的闪光例证” 。
阿塔尔出生于南苏丹的托里特。他年轻的时候，获得了奖学金，得以在苏丹的喀土穆研究医学 。后来，他去了埃及行医 。
南森难民奖是以弗里乔夫 南森（Fridtjof Nansen）的名字命名的。弗里乔夫 南森是一位挪威的探险家、科学家、外交家、人道主义者，也是诺贝尔和平奖的获得者 。获奖人士会获得一块奖牌和15万美元的奖金 。
爱丽丝 布莱恩（Alice Bryant）为您播报。