VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):马其顿改国名公投在即 总统反对
日期:2018-09-29 15:27

(单词翻译:单击)

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Macedonians to Decide Whether to Change Their Country’s Name
Macedonian President Gjorge Ivanov is urging Macedonians to boycott a popular vote on whether the country should change its name.
He called changing the country's name from the Republic of Macedonia to North Macedonia "historical suicide."
Ivanov spoke at the United Nations General Assembly in New York City.
He said, "It is a censorship of the world and an auto-censorship of the collective conscience of Macedonian people."
Ivanov has refused to support a deal reached between Macedonian Prime Minister Zoran Zaev and Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras. Under the deal, the people of Macedonia will vote on whether to change the country's name or not.
The Associated Press reports that it is unclear if 50 percent of voters will take part in the referendum, which is required for the vote to be official.
If voters do support the change, parliament will have to change Macedonia's constitution.
Ivanov has called the deal a clear "violation of sovereignty."
He criticized the vote saying: "This referendum could lead us to become a subordinate state, dependent on another country." He added, "We will become a state in name only, not in substance."
Greece has said that the name Macedonia belongs only to its northern province of Macedonia. It says by using the name, the country of Macedonia can make a claim to the Greek province.
Since Macedonia became independent in 1991, Greece has put pressure on it to change its name. Because of the Objections of Greece, Macedonia is known as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia in the United Nations. Greece also has blocked Macedonia from joining the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, or NATO.
Supporters of the name change say it will lead to NATO membership and permit the country to join the European Union after a set time period.
Opponents consider the change a national humiliation.
On Sunday, September 30, the people of Macedonia will vote on whether to change their name to North Macedonia.
I'm Mario Ritter.

重点解析

1.Prime Minister 首相;总理

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Did you listen in to the Prime Minister yesterday evening?
你昨晚收听首相的广播讲话了吗?

2.put pressure on 向...施加压力

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Several factors will put pressure on food prices.
给食品价格造成压力因素有好几个!aP;E&65c&[U8bR7

3.be dependent on 依赖于

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The company is dependent on government financial help.
这家公司依靠政府的财政援助Vm%fweU-vEcKOJ

4.be known as 被称为...

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China has always been known as a land of propriety and righteousness.
中国从来以礼义之邦著称5@g%%Fq%63_

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5.The Associated Press reports that it is unclear if 50 percent of voters will take part in the referendum, which is required for the vote to be official.

take part in 参加;参与

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He will take part in an important race across the Atllantic.
他将参加一次重大的横渡大西洋的比赛ukc7qg|m~5qsEK
My friend and I take part in sports like tennis,badminton and swimming.
我和我的朋友参加体育运动如打网球,羽毛球和游泳J&dK1+G|[iU~|86)+)

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6.It says by using the name, the country of Macedonia can make a claim to the Greek province.

make a claim 索赔

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We will need that number if you need to make a claim.
如果您需要索赔,我们会要求提供这些编号1Um85]X+P7k1)OJ6w!c
To make a claim, you must specify the date when the article was lost.
要提出索赔要求,你必须确切说出物品丢失日期nh&m_bFu!z%t;

参考译文

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马其顿改国名公投在即 总统反对
马其顿总统伊万诺夫(Gjorge Ivanov)敦促该国全体公民抵制公投,该公投将决定是否更改国名oFtJWvkPh^U1,@+54yuG
他称,将马其顿共和国改名为北马其顿共和国是“历史性的自杀”9Kg0!t|Em4b=1y!uUR
伊万诺夫在纽约联合国大会上发言时说道,K*3yUoSyWfbm)^7kGc
他说:“这是对世界的审查以及对马其顿全体公民良知的自动审查h_FNqKOYx1J。”
伊万诺夫拒绝支持马其顿总理扎耶夫与希腊总理齐普拉斯达成的协议Qc@Tg4-JQpD9Dh7-!kC。根据协议,马其顿公民将投票决定是否更改国家名字pC-]6I6oIz.%&

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马其顿改国名公投在即 总统抗议.jpg
美联社报道称,目前尚不清楚50%的选民是否会参加公投,这是投票合法的必需条件WKS3I(O%~6SR|291yBd8
如果选民真的支持更改国名,议会将不得不修改马其顿的宪法WpYV=H=k8WX
伊万诺夫称,该协议明显“侵犯了国家主权”,gYa*Yetu8Qy@dk[
他批评这次公投并表示:“这次公投可能导致我们成为一个从属国家,依赖于另一个国家f^t_Zph&dz_。”他补充说,“我们将成为一个名义上的国家,而不是实质上的国家.Oi[jc;=.#s.。”
希腊表示,“马其顿”一词只属于其北部的马其顿省FT&x(EM#N_。希腊表示,若共享这个名字,马其顿(国家)可以对希腊的省份提出主权要求O(7@kT^%]fb)ifM
自1991年独立以来,马其顿一直受到希腊方面的施压,要求其更改国名*CNK_Fi_&8X^BnFQQv。由于希腊的反对,马其顿以“前南斯拉夫马其顿共和国”的名义加入联合国kQxb~dzSfQQ(1pv!。希腊还阻止马其顿加入北大西洋公约组织(NATO)1#*-;O!vUObSao
支持者表示,改名能让马其顿加入北约,并且可在规定的时间后加入欧盟thil50V-Z.i(N|dny
反对者认为,改名是国家的耻辱BM|)HSH.n64[vs][Q+
9月30日的周日,马其顿公民将投票决定是否将国家名字改为“北马其顿共和国”J%%0&J2N*%ulHy^gap
马里奥·里特为您播报b|*^xk)7nN7

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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