VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美最高法院大法官候选人出席听证会
日期:2018-09-05 11:25

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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US Lawmakers Begin Hearing on New Supreme Court Candidate
United States lawmakers began a hearing today on a new candidate for the Supreme Court. President Donald Trump has nominated Brett Kavanaugh to replace Anthony Kennedy, who retired earlier this year.
On the first day of the hearing, protestors shouted their disapprovals as Kavanaugh promised to be a "team player" on the court. The remark was notable because the nine justices on the Supreme Court can act like nine separate law firms. And, when the group decides cases, justices often split into the same two groups – conservative and liberal.
But Kavanaugh appeared to reject the idea that he would be on either the conservative or liberal side. He said he would not decide cases on his personal views. Instead, he promised to decide cases "according to the Constitution and laws of the United States."
However, independent observers note that Kavanaugh's earlier rulings as a judge are generally considered conservative.
Kavanaugh is 53 years old. He has served for the past 12 years on the appeals court in Washington, DC. That court is believed to be the second most important court in the country, after the Supreme Court.
In the early 2000s, Kavanaugh worked in the White House under then-President George W. Bush. He was also part of the legal team that investigated then-President Bill Clinton in the late 1990s. That investigation led to Clinton's impeachment.
However, since then Kavanaugh has said U.S. lawmakers might pass a law protecting presidents from investigations while they were in office. He has said that the work of defending themselves can interfere with the president's job of leading the country.
As the hearing continues this week, lawmakers will ask Kavanaugh questions about his point of view on how much power presidents should have. They will also ask him his thoughts on legal issues related to abortion, gun rights and other issues.
Witnesses will also speak about Kavanaugh.
After the hearing this week, lawmakers will vote on whether to approve Kavanaugh for the Supreme Court. If he is accepted, he could begin work as early as October 1. And, since U.S. Supreme Court justices serve for life, Kavanaugh could influence laws for a long time to come.
I'm Kelly Jean Kelly.

重点解析

1.law firms 律师事务所

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Nearly 100 law firms are being referred to the Solicitors 'Disciplinary Tribunal.
近百家律师事务所被送上律师纪律法庭09R3GNbqoTu1%05q2K8o

2.the Supreme Court 最高法院

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Thomas will be sworn in today as a justice on the Supreme Court.
托马斯今天将宣誓就任最高法院法官Q3)F|vVZ(mP;(MhnI]f

3.split into 分成;分裂为

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The party split into two distinct groups.
该党分裂成两个截然不同的团体bCr~iZFT]qE&4;r~@&P

4.personal views 个人看法;个人观点

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I would now like to present a few personal views.
下面我讲几点个人的意见~9*eLG@Z~&vT!~1*ous

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5.If he is accepted, he could begin work as early as October 1.

as early as 早在...时候

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She became a film star as early as 1942.
她早在1942年就成了电影名星了wJg(^E9.[~g%A8gh90;K
Inflation could fall back into single figures as early as this month.
通货膨胀率最早有可能在本月就回落至个位数GGmEX)*mxURpo93

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6.However, since then Kavanaugh has said U.S. lawmakers might pass a law protecting presidents from investigations while they were in office.

in office 执政;在位

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The president said he'd made no firm decision on whether he would run for a second term in office.
总统说他还没有下定决心是否竞选连任gJs8;kz|l%=8X;plQWC
The events to mark the President's ten years in office went ahead as planned.
总统任职10周年的庆祝活动按计划进行C~AtB-XSX=

参考译文

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美最高法院大法官候选人出席听证会
今日,美国国会议员开始就最高法院新候选人举行听证会j]Mv,_RqT^tR|t。特朗普总统提名布雷特·卡瓦诺(Brett Kavanaugh)接替今年早些时候退休的安东尼·肯尼迪(Anthony Kennedy)C*7QG%%Lh4
在听证会首日,当卡瓦诺承诺要成为法庭的“团队成员”时,抗议者们高喊口号以示反对1TlRF[CGQ5=Vp。卡瓦诺这番话引起注意,是因为最高法院的9名法官可以像9家独立律师事务所那样行事ha12[SCzr&。而且,当法官们裁决案件时,通常会分成两派--保守派和自由派8dfkR9]sxVLLsjb
但是卡瓦诺似乎拒绝承认站队保守派还是自由派的观点Yb0c.DUDa(-ME88.k。他说,他不会根据个人观点裁决案件UWdLn|hsQ1G。相反,他承诺会根据美国宪法和法律裁决案件4deFLdKVd4DQdY)Z

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美最高法院大法官候选人出席听证会.jpg
然而,独立观察员指出,卡瓦诺之前担任法官时的裁决通常被认为是保守派yBG6|5&Ys!sP
卡瓦诺今年53岁5XPcK!dq1qvC.@|nS。在过去12年里,他任职于华盛顿特区的上诉法院LIN|Z,GBRKiQ。该法院被认为是美国第二大法院,地位仅次于最高法院xIlAfDyQSD9r6=NNS[X=
在21世纪初,卡瓦诺在时任总统小布什执政的白宫工作;&#*VsMg5=&gy3jt_。他还是上世纪90年代负责调查时任总统克林顿的法律团队的一员vl59aU6g3oCY5Xkr-O。那次调查导致克林顿被弹劾VlsgY-,8d(mk*AeV
然而,从那之后,卡瓦诺表示,美国议员们可能会通过一项法律,保护总统在任职期间免受调查6WEB&Si2[2IxIxc;。他曾表示,总统为自己辩护的工作可能会影响领导国家的职责R;qVZ^5t9oHIJpl
随着本周听证会的继续进行,议员们将询问卡瓦诺关于总统应该拥有多大权力的问题3X5mn_PIEs@Rsg]y。他们还会询问其对涉及堕胎、枪支权利等法律问题的看法8YhH#v+Gmz4IT
证人们也将谈论对卡瓦诺的看法r9WzjTc)nML.,ODF0,W^
本周的听证会结束后,议员们将投票决定是否批准卡瓦诺进入最高法院u0b]Y!||qDX3。如果他获得通过,最早将在10月1日开始工作#^oxEvJnIr*wR8;-vg6。而且,由于美国最高法院的大法官是终身任命,卡瓦诺可能会在未来很长一段时间内影响美国法律@K!D&p,0rdM]X
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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