VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国人有多喜爱宠物?
日期:2018-08-24 11:04

(单词翻译:单击)

O!dWwAfi|_caWw#jewM72w%0MG!|~

听力文本

#+pD!D)]U#a

|*23%qNPO1U+dU

A9w9Hr|y6KYQ~2C#

Americans Spending and Doing More for Their Pets

k47ghrb[ERiZ=0

More and more American families own pets.

@sBwGYJsUZjt*PHMey

A recent study says that 85 million families in the United States own a pet.

.v^.)goaJr|

The American Pet Products Association's study for the years 2017-2018 says that represents 68 percent of all families in the U.S.

_mS=D^5&,+*

Thirty years ago, when the study was first done, 56 percent of families owned a pet.

1v4TVmL.gL[%EV;^Z

The survey found dogs are the most popular pets. Sixty-point-two percent of homes own one. Cats are the second most popular with 47.1 percent of families reporting they had a cat. Freshwater fish came in third with 12.5 percent.

yBNO9|uXXV)wki~dd

Nicki Dobson is head of marketing and communication for Three Dog Bakery. The business calls itself the "original bakery for dogs." She said pets have become especially popular among Americans in the past 10 years.

;EX+kp66vFux6w

She said, "People are having more pets and less children. People are concerned about what they eat. Our whole premise was trying to make things with human-grade ingredients and a focus on nutrition. They look like human food, but they're meant for pets."

q.LO(g.O&h~l6+Dt[(M!

Another company, Posh Puppy Boutique, sells clothes, jewelry and other items for dogs.

)Ry)L!k&[DS+[|

There are also pet hotels and pet health centers. One study found that Americans spend about $126 each month on their pets.

nn,.U)Ta&;d

Three Dog Bakery opened in 1989. Dobson says there are now 45 bakeries around the world, including in Canada and China. She said cakes are the most popular item. She added that some people pay $50-75 on baked goods each week for their pets.

jJwIf;fx4~Wpr

Pets rather than children?

J+dZMne7IFGs(|wGNl

Some younger Americans seem to be choosing pets over having children. Some are making big life decisions, such as buying a home, around the lives of their pets.

^Z!xJ4_imG9z

The SunTrust banking company did a study in 2017 of people under the age of 40 buying their first home. The study found that 33 percent said a good yard or good space for their pets influenced them to buy a new home. Only 25 percent said marriage was a reason, and 19 percent said the birth of a child.

~M!Xp[Yh5kt^5@

Some companies now offer pet benefits such as pet insurance. They are also offering "pawternity" leave, which gives workers free time to spend with their new pets.

uTTFbG7u*]g*9Cb+O~-j

Dobson noted that taking dogs to work is now popular in places that permit it.

3DBACU1a3I^A&IxP

Americans' love for their pets is even influencing their travel plans. A recent survey found that 49 percent of pet owners have not left the country since owning their pet. Sixty-eight percent of those said it was because they feel guilty leaving their pets alone.

2Xg_|9+*!)EZM%^R

Health experts say pets can improve the health of their owners. The American-based Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says pets can reduce blood pressure, cholesterol levels and feelings of loneliness.

0XhW5XL8&(2h94-2

The CDC adds that pets also offer chances for outdoor exercise and socialization with other people.

0^l;4;rQfBRIDa

I'm Jonathan Evans.

重点解析

1.Freshwater fish 淡水鱼

~anP)!Ic;*ZCH%E

Il[Qhxe2[2bLmr

Mosquitofish, freshwater fish with a taste for mosquito larvae, are highly social.

RY_h0N6!xD&2Dy

食蚊鱼是淡水鱼,以蚊子幼虫为食,高度的群体化n4su%o,zoh#a

2.outdoor exercise 户外运动

lISC(;tS(-

DLlP#PfQB2of4fy

ux&lBnEHV7K~7y7Xha;;

UkwsoTs%VQhe.FsANsc9

bEMpx12NxFEX*d

ceKcmBwcw_Y7q

(|c&B@.Xa&x

The doctor suggested I should have more outdoor exercise.

d^*_x0j0aC[b_o!*o

医生建议我多做点户外活动MrBS-3*aqQFyVM

3.blood pressure 血压

KPlXnbp-,!

#AkV,fn)]Xi

*L]y^@FPZD

i1i3G+%frde7PR_VK

The patient's blood pressure is stable.

oRn2v#+7SFdek6-J=%

病人的血压平稳WdfI7XIUqc,PFrmuj^

4.focus on 专注于

o5GttLBkeh%^c

-rtw)QJc)718

The talks will focus on economic development of the region.

%n-kSpoi9;c9

会谈将着重讨论该地区的经济发展+]-yb29Ro[@&WP@DP#f@

MregCj1R-W.0_F3sM

5.The CDC adds that pets also offer chances for outdoor exercise and socialization with other people.

offer chances for 提供...的机会

*NmjEx%fSWW-

SHIlLvRjxzF

e|J%X]1go~y99ru9SFFe

pay9WpwKi=M[TOBZNTSf

K397IWTv;5,

Multiple-planet systems may offer a chance for confirming the densities of small, rocky worlds.

x-gyJQ)pixQgKOY,NB([

多行星系统使我们有机会确认小型岩石世界的密度!QYP.Ad0n6lwtw-NWI

SI(zJ!I=e]1Z;

Only rapid decision could offer more chances for sightseeing and reduce possible regret.

OmI(tN,7##q!1bXb

只有迅速做出选择,才能减少遗憾,得到更多的收获E|INz;Gl!V)-qc

%!rg#QjuOmW&HQjL_8

6.Some are making big life decisions, such as buying a home, around the lives of their pets.

making big decisions 做重大选择

VrYd_l4ZoWDeNZJgjx*

tSGgse+AYwT[rX37b

Qq0YUuytLM#9;]

Whatever you end up doing, this is not the right time to be making big decisions.

rD_bbVZVj7))

不管你最后是否回去工作,现在都不是一个适合做出重大决定的时候NTmlPdA.Bn

9tjiv+wVfzv

She's at her best when she's making big decisions.

*@rWX8XuacE]%.

当作出重大决定时,她处于最佳状态Coph_B-y)zM

参考译文

zFCP(0Z9j|@X

~r%7!^;aWR

7&6n;=o9IK8Itbr%Gz_

美国人对宠物的付出超乎想象

x4qeocGFlzn[k

越来越多的美国家庭养宠物CAEMTL%BMef

H0]W4GRl|i4aBM

最近一项研究表明,美国有8500万户家庭拥有宠物)M=OdadR~22ItE

p7akP-augDs4r,;m

美国宠物用品协会2017-2018年的一项调查表明,这占美国家庭总数的68%L8RCDRkw![bm~wtV

igjR+Qs25=t|Y#WC*Rg,

在30年前首次进行这项调查时,拥有宠物的家庭只有56%%!MX49Y0jv0~;JLm_t1F

AeJ9OCY1P1

调查发现,狗是最受欢迎的宠物bp0e!A0Er-。有62%的家庭养狗,S*X1H_9pBQ。猫排在第二位,有47.1%的家庭表示他们养猫W.h_AA!Sr[e,SzVQ@J!x。淡水鱼类排在第三位,占比为12.5%JbNr%U!!8rmCv=tjL

NxPg]^#ReO^y

尼基·多布森(Nicki Dobson)是三狗面包店(Three Dog Bakery)的营销传播负责人CwI9p*)8Bb。该公司自称为“最早的犬类面包店”i6XDIwhOm%*_H&3Ps7。她说,在过去10年里,宠物在美国人中特别受欢迎gWA^zuHQNoZm

,wiL0)DP70

美国人对宠物的付出超乎想象.jpeg

I3G)]A[9_nUT

她说:“养宠物的人越来越多,生孩子的越来越少C@eo@bZ-2x。人们只关心宠物吃什么pm*8)h4VIrd。我们整个前提是尝试人类可食用的成分制作食物、注重营养dwQs+TW*K(#。它们看上去与人类食物无异,只不过是供宠物食用的Om++.xqPEiGkKAYB。”

ORx)^+gS^[mw

Posh Puppy Boutique公司出售狗的服装、珠宝及其它商品ai*P~0U_iMy2[[+&

+zfabR~2k[Dg&4

此外,还有宠物酒店和宠物健康中心(Sr9^@zX83。一项研究发现,美国人每月在宠物身上花费约126美元0hQj,ll.f3^zOP

38qtUb_C#i]

三狗面包店于1989年开业kfqHc#9~!=XA[!。多布森表示,他们在全球拥有45家店,包括加拿大和中国&EA2%=x-SXN-kad0nwM。她说,蛋糕是最受欢迎的品类eH[%|w)s&v19,2&l+9M-。她还说,有些人每周为宠物购买烘培食品会花费50到70美元H2=-z*xj[3b3

d)Yh141r(VUDQW^[&s*b

爱宠物胜过孩子?

Ioe);h0yq.Y3NbV

美国一些年轻人比起生孩子似乎更愿意养宠物qh(M2LMiXfVM%Js*v。有些人做重大的人生决定时开始考虑宠物生活,例如购置房产4ASThIn&BAS!Sf@I1.U%

-r3U%JgM3PC

2017年,美国太阳信托银行对40岁以下的人购置首套房屋做过一项调查H]Ea575)9n&7~]q*A@。该调查发现,33%的受访者认为,适合宠物的院子或优良的空间会影响他们购买新房34Xl5qM6&Io;&ebxoJ。只有25%的受访者提到婚姻是购房因素,19%的受访者提到购房是因为生孩子CSKAni4iJ.+mV;|

zZBd~SYezZUj%_

如今,一些公司提供宠物福利,如宠物保险LNeY7TCBGQ#WtcD71。他们还提供“新宠物”假期,让员工有时间跟新宠物相处XTbmerNiFs1c~

J(vtMtxDf1

多布森指出,现在一些公司甚至允许带狗上班,这成为一种趋势h7P(-%m_BC)

ilod-cPuBiGtxYpw)Cs|

美国人对宠物的喜爱甚至影响到了旅行计划&JI;x)^Al|m4kFIm。最近一项调查发现,49%的宠物主人从养宠物后再没出过国wlYcVqj;uXJp。68%的人表示,这是因为他们会因为把宠物单独留下感到内疚MjplWF;S_(G*!s~ha;@x

5-^y[8bi8r

健康专家表示,宠物能够改善主人的健康D;6U&Ny[Dam;2q-k。美国疾病控制和预防中心表示,宠物可以帮助降低血压、胆固醇水平以及孤独感FI#X^Euv|be

QUWhhC.ZmDOl&[-wc=O

美国疾病控制和预防中心还表示,宠物也让主人更多的进行户外运动以及社交p%dxZg|ll=9]E^@!AaUL

K2Uf-c=s2mx@m

乔纳森·埃文斯为您播报W0Cao5BhCsLta

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

AzI+cr(x(d|5ezZ

W7E9@v#.fHHO7ks(piq6CPVhZ!=!)yKVvdNF;fVrGu4t#%OK
分享到