VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):缅甸女性拒绝终身佩戴颈环
日期:2018-08-24 10:34

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Young Women in Myanmar Turn Away from Traditional Neck Rings

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For hundreds of years, women in Myanmar's Kayah area have worn bronze rings around their necks.

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The rings are a traditional symbol of beauty. They also extend the necks of the women, making them very long.

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But now, younger Kayan women are turning away from the tradition of their ancestors.

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Mu Tu is one of the few women who knows how to make the traditional rings and put them on. She is 48 years old.

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She says, "The shorter sets are easier to make. Everyone has their own preference. So if someone doesn't like what you've put on, you have to take it off and start over."

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Maria Khaing has been wearing rings on her neck, wrists and knees since she was eight-years-old. She is now 83. She said, "My dad told me I looked like a boy. He said, 'so I will buy you a gun to hunt as a man'. But I said, 'every girl is wearing the rings, so I want to wear the rings too'."

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Maria never removes the rings, even when cooking, eating or working.

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"It is comfortable. At first it was hard but now it's fine. I eat and food goes down," she said.

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Wearing neck rings was once expected of all Kayan women. But more and more have stopped wearing them.

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Maria's granddaughter, 20-year-old Za Oo, is among those who have not kept with the tradition.

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"They're heavy and uncomfortable. Also I don't know much about them, that's why I don't wear them," she said.

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The rings make the women's necks very long. But they also press down on the bones around the shoulders. Wearing the rings can also cause discomfort when swallowing.

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Even Mu Tu admits that safety is a concern.

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"If you don't make the rings correctly, someone can choke," she said.

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Experts say there are now fewer than 100 long-neck women in Myanmar. That is down from about 300 to 400 in the 1990s.

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Some people wonder, however, if tourists will still come to buy goods in Kayah when the long-necked women are gone.

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I'm Jonathan Evans.

重点解析

1.press down 下压

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Endless assignments press down upon me like a mountain.

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无尽的作业压在我身上像一座山(PxvFJ,4,OuXO7[Xi

2.At first 最初;起先

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At first I felt very resentful and angry about losing my job.

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起初我对丢掉工作感到非常怨恨和恼怒17]hW3ItkQr2g-w)%

3.goes down 下降;跌落

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Water becomes solid when the temperature goes down to zero.

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温度降到零度,水就变成了固体OOJ0=EREqBQzmZZZv

4.traditional symbol 传统象征

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This openwork porcelain brush pot is decorated with a dragon, a traditional symbol of power.

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这镂空瓷笔筒装饰有龙,传统的权力象征fe_6-KCun*nd

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5.But now, younger Kayan women are turning away from the tradition of their ancestors.

turning away from 对...感到厌烦;转向

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Taking a deep breath, turning away from my work, and focusing my attention on something else is always helpful.

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做一下深呼吸,让自己把注意力从工作移到其他东西上,这样很有帮助(Sp@OE1(.gc4v4wTmm

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Japanese corporations have been turning away from production and have diverted into finance and real estate.

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日本公司已经由生产型企业转而从事金融和房地产业OE@ii*8Ui..

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6.So if someone doesn't like what you've put on, you have to take it off and start over."

start over 重新开始

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Our work was all for nothing, and we must start over again.

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咱们干的全算白饶,得打头儿重来ut;4WSF~yjGIh

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Now I have to start over again with somebody else.

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现在我不得不重新和其他人开始3r)K0Lz_M]eHl53

参考译文

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缅甸女性拒绝终身佩戴颈环

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数百年来,缅甸卡央地区的女性都会在脖子上佩戴铜环7[ZPpOb4]m4t0y3p

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这些铜环是传统的美丽象征eZR,H&4Z4a&K-CP8HD。铜环还可以拉伸女性脖子,让脖子变得细长4kVfO|URs,e7[

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如今,卡央地区的年轻女性正在抛弃祖先的这一传统,!Ey^cVIXd0jbK

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穆图(Mu Tu)是少数几个知道如何制作及佩戴这些传统铜环的女性之一Vwb4J~fOcQL6#0S-。她今年48岁Hn@8fd|e(3KlsQn@

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缅甸女性拒绝终身佩戴颈环.JPEG

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她说:“短些铜环更容易制作aXKE#-8AYX]8PK(Q。每个人的喜好不一HZCS2QWa9XlXZ6zt3。所以,如果别人不喜欢你做的这款,那你得拿下来重新制作(xL__+kU8bCO&Z-42。"

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玛利亚·凯(Maria Khaing)从8岁起就在脖子、手腕和膝盖处佩戴铜环AG~oyX~rUZN8x*K9PSd。她现在已经83岁a;=6p=+iX1。她说:“爸爸说我像个男孩子S&p~J@#IQ^-4Y[hbLeoM。他说,‘那我给你买把枪,让你像个男人一样去打猎t,i_(_|af9e。’但我说,女孩们都佩戴铜环,我也想戴铜环!zX4|(8E]O,[;A(i。”

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玛丽亚从来没摘下过铜环,做饭、吃饭或工作都不例外T)GEtn^*CsO0f

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“现在很舒服[-f,7kjRuUW_j。刚开始很难受,现在习惯了P^5sJ-IM0nQ7FW.^G,。我吃东西,食物也会入胃消化;%0cETky15QU@g。”她说~pO4ZlWb^w!1YeZnLOx

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曾经所有的卡央女性都梦想着佩戴颈环)6qWAWuiok5OVEAT(Q,J。但如今越来越多的女性已经不再佩戴了P;xAL;oTL2@2(XQ

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20岁的佐古(Za Oo)是玛利亚的孙女,她也是不继承这一传统的女性之一Rm2k~BF*bGSXvf2DUSz_

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她说“这些铜环既沉重又不适S%CSL+Io&x=YqR[H8Y(H。我对它知之甚少,索性就不戴了6uV.%eCt*4YW。”

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颈环可以让女性的脖子变得细长CQ-aIt3dn]|4Yl。但是颈环也会压迫肩侧的骨骼n61*k;pB|W。佩戴颈环也会造成吞咽困难BV|+xH%u&vlH6(v0HuBi

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就连穆图也承认,安全也是问题]y]O**D5p&8lq[3AkmV

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“如果没有正确佩戴颈环,就会造成窒息,”她说.0^bhquob)ftbILP@E.T

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专家表示,目前缅甸只剩不到100名长颈妇女;_;sh0-GqI#ER^%。该人数较上世纪90年代的300至400人有所减少*Wy8|B]qXD_lJeL(cB

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然而,有些人好奇,如果卡央的长颈妇女成为历史,游客们是否还会慕名前来购物SHYw65#]ZOM6Vre,k

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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