VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):联合国谴责塞尔维亚赖账大屠杀罪行
日期:2018-08-19 21:35

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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The parliament of Bosnia and Herzegovina's self-governing Serb Republic has voted to reject a 2004 report on the Srebrenica massacre.
The United Nations human rights chief Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein has publicly criticized the decision. He said it will likely harm efforts to improve relations between Serbians in Bosnia and Muslim Bosnians, or Bosniaks.

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The two groups fought a war against each other that lasted from 1992 to 1995. The war divided the country into two ethnically-based regions, the Serb Republic and the Bosniak-Croat Federation.
Relations between the two regions have been tense since the war ended. This tension has created barriers to Bosnia and Herzegovina joining the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the European Union.
Ravina Shamdasani is a representative for the U.N. human rights office. On Friday she announced the chief's warning that rejecting the Srebrenica report would only create greater division in the country ahead of its general election in October.
The report describes the events in the weeks after the Bosnian Serbs captured the formerly U.N.-protected town of Srebrenica in July 1995. The report found that the Serbs killed as many as 8,000 Muslim Bosniaks during that time.
Two war crimes courts, The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the International Court of Justice, ruled that the killings qualified as genocide. But Serbs in Bosnia and neighboring Serbia reject the rulings.
The Serb Republic's parliament had accepted the findings after the report was released in 2004. But members of the governing body voted to revoke that earlier decision on Tuesday. An official rejection of the report is expected in the coming days.
Serb Republic President Milorad Dodik helped start the move in parliament to reject the report. Some experts say it is the latest issue Serb ruling parties have used to gain support among voters before elections on October 7.
Ravina Shamdasani said that Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein is asking the Serb Republic to reconsider its decision.
The High Commissioner fears that tensions, divisions and mistrust already perpetuated by some public and political officials and media organizations in Bosnia could be aggravated by this decision, she said.
On Wednesday, the United States Department of State called the vote a step in the wrong direction.
I'm Pete Musto.

重点解析

1.war crime 战争犯罪

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"A direct attack on a civilian infrastructure that caused damage, even loss of life of civilians, would, I think, be a war crime, " Ryan says.
“直接战争民用基础设施损失巨大,人员伤亡惨重,我认为是一种战争犯罪”,瑞恩说GxDChjY=j0yOf[D

2.general election 大选

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As noted, under this type of nominating system, rank-and-file voters in a primary election select their party's nominee for the general election.
如上所述,在此制度下,代表一个政党参加大选的总统候选人由支持这个政党的普通选民在预选中推举_|JNde_ev8po%c=

3.barrier to ……的障碍

He then set up a photographic trap with a motion sensor and an infrared barrier to capture his idea.
然后他才设置了一个带有运动传感器和红外屏障的拍摄陷阱来实现他的想法[d%h9DT.5gdC

4. each other 互相,彼此

They reacted on each other.
他们互相影响;+xNOy6*aF^

5. human right 人权

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The Council should commit its support to the newly established Human Right Commission's international commission of inquiry.
安理会应该为新建立的人权理事会的国际调查委员会提供支持u98P[eLAjCfFv5Di

参考译文

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波斯尼亚国会和黑塞哥维自治的波黑塞族共和国国会已进行投票,否认2004年有关斯雷布雷尼察大屠杀的报告jcm.!u8|8EHu
联合国人权高级事务专员扎伊德 拉阿德 侯赛因(Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein)曾公开谴责这项决定)_NXshRbmXqKt。扎伊德表示,该决定很有可能破坏当前的工作,影响波斯尼亚塞尔维亚人与穆斯林塞尔维亚人(Bosniak)的改善!NFZw3WJ.gk79Eqcv1f
1992-1995年间,这两股势力曾与彼此交战;]dOQHuP-)SQ@fS1(Mj.。这场战争将国家分为了以宗教为标签的两个地区,即波黑塞族共和国和波士尼亚与赫塞哥维纳联邦ByU-i3H=Rd%y,
自这场战争结束后,这两个地区间的关系就剑拔弩张ZoiGEr@82&*0#yR)C。这种紧张局势给波斯尼亚和黑塞哥维那造成了障碍,所以它们迟迟无法加入北约(NATO)和欧盟3!z0I0x7qW3U3_
维纳(Ravina Shamdasani)是联合国人权办公室的一位代表wk]5MySjM@JsXJ。本周五,她宣布了扎伊德的警示,即否认斯雷布雷尼察的那份报告只会使该国在10月的大选到来之前制造更多的分裂!wE!l8saybnmEqYbC-
这份报告提到了一些事件,这些事件发生的数周前,波斯尼亚塞尔维亚人占领了本在联合国保护下的城镇斯雷布雷尼察,那时候是1995年7月fzHCzu3qdker6NnOvG。该报告发现,塞尔维亚人那时候杀了足足有8000名穆斯林塞尔维亚人fP0W;^HLBH
两个战争犯罪法院,即前南斯拉夫的国际刑事法庭和联合国国际法院,这两个法院判决的结果是:当时的屠杀无异于种族灭绝hdSf@sEyw,WI;T。但波斯尼亚塞尔维亚人和邻近的塞尔维亚人都反对判决结果JIq8=aog=U
波黑塞族共和国国会接受了2004年报告发布后的发现)(Leq-^]5kZ8=piyCP6]。但主管部门成员投票后否决了周二的决定b+T-U.IEml,COcL!xQO。对这份报告的官方否决预计于未来数天内公布.Nw-&rzjti.=@x_Do
波黑塞族共和国总统米洛拉德 多迪克(Milorad Dodik)助力在国会中启动了否决该报告的举动Aeu(+fq;;ei%b。一些专家认为,这是塞尔维亚执政党在10月7日大选之前可以赢得选民支持的最后一个噱头了eqPQX#2t;.OD@o
维纳表示,扎伊德 拉阿德 侯赛因正在请波黑塞族共和国重新考虑其决定&!pg_wj*0+Ar*S
扎伊德担心,由于已经有紧张局势、分裂和互不信任的迹象弥漫在波斯尼亚的政府公务人员、政客和媒体机构间存在,该决定会导致局面更加恶化,她如是说道zC|Q#nN2nU8S5&wcWN
周三,美国国务院表态称此举是大错特错jQAzv;[!!nd_fN
皮特(Pete Musto)为您播报+9L8.PGQ#snwX*F|0,n

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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