VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美军欲通过太空运送补给和燃料
日期:2018-08-17 11:31

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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US Military Wants to Refuel, Resupply with Space Travel

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The United States Military's Air Mobility Command says that refueling and resupplying the U.S. military may soon be done from space.

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Air Force General Carlton Everhart is the head of Air Mobility Command. He told VOA, "If I can resupply from space, I can go across the globe in about 30 minutes." He added, "I do truly believe that is the next step."

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Everhart said the time gained by using hypersonic spacecraft could keep the U.S. ahead in "the speed of war." That is an area where countries such as China and Russia are trying to make gains.

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The idea of using space to deliver supplies is more possible than ever before, say supporters. Many companies that Everhart hopes to partner with are already working on this kind of technology.

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Eric Stallmer is president of the Commercial Spaceflight Federation. The group, based in Washington D.C., supports the development of the space flight industry. Stallmer said that companies like SpaceX and Sierra Nevada, and even foreign companies, could be good partners for the U.S. government.

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Cost, however, remains an important issue for space flight.

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Experts say the need to transport supplies through space must be greater than the financial costs. For example, it might only be used during very important operations.

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Todd Harrison is a space and defense expert at the Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies. He said the attack on the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi, Libya, in 2012 is an example of a situation where speed was more important than cost. The attack resulted in the death of U.S. Ambassador Christopher Stevens and three other Americans.

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"Imagine if we had been able to launch a SEAL team and put them right down in that compound within 45 minutes of knowing that it was under attack. It could have made the difference," he said.

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Everhart is not only interested in launching supplies from one point on Earth to another. He also wants to use satellites to position supplies in space.

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Stallmer said a lot of spaceflight companies are studying the idea of space refueling stations. There also are plans to change refueling vehicles into habitats in space once they have been used.

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However, it is still unclear when these technologies will be fully developed: Experts have estimated from two to more than 10 years.

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But this does not stop Everhart from dreaming.

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"The train is leaving the station and we're going to be on it. And I'm not going to be on the caboose...I'm going to be in the front," he said.

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Everhart said his team is already writing proposals for the government to make space resupply a possibility for the military in the future.

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I'm Phil Dierking.

重点解析

1.go across 穿过

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I see you go across the road.

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我看到你过马路的全过程Kc7DDl|5!B*0g=7doU

2.make gains 取得进展

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You can continue to make gains if you call a few people who can help you close an important deal.

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你可以找些人帮你达成重要交易,这对你是有益的-VCU!|TEq#B(1E.,Y

3.change into 把...变为

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She could change into a different outfit in two minutes

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她能在两分钟内换上一套不同的行头xai=4Kfe^80I

4.space flight 航天

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This is why he approves of the development of manned space flight.

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这就是为什么他赞同发展载人航天的原因&~~A@&p7SwWR

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5."Imagine if we had been able to launch a SEAL team and put them right down in that compound within 45 minutes of knowing that it was under attack.

put down 记下;镇压;制止

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I put down my magazine to look between seats for the Spanish speaker.

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我放下杂志,看着坐在中间的那个用西班牙语说话的人hk7]R_)Eib*XVJn

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I put down my observations in it.

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我记下了我所有的观察结果C,+Sx-FB%8O9IZzGf~_

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6."Imagine if we had been able to launch a SEAL team and put them right down in that compound within 45 minutes of knowing that it was under attack.

be under attack 受到袭击

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The town has been under attack by rebel groups for a week now.

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一周来,该镇一直受到叛军的袭击8apvzLDWYpZovv_v

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The police came under attack from angry crowds.

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警察遭到愤怒的人群的袭击^5T|*=c1yF4BN.

参考译文

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美军:欲通过太空运送补给和燃料

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美军空军机动司令部表示,美军的燃料和补给或很快可以在太空中完成mK]E=aN^UHc|#cddLg4

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空军上将卡尔顿·埃弗哈特(Carlton Everhart)是空中机动司令部的指挥官mZX5pz4Xu.]0S4s-Vo_。他告诉美国之音,如果能从太空中获得补给,我可以在30分钟内环游地球jC|PAs@34,|[。他补充说,“我真的相信接下来这个目标会实现TS=lN#Q6*f,1M_ju。”

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埃弗哈特说,利用高超音速飞船获得的时间可以让美国在“战争速度”方面保持领先85oJeK&T*=gl@。中国和俄罗斯等国正努力在该领域获得突破x9D[==4hyUE*qsspz]+

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支持者表示,太空运送物资的设想比以往任何时候都更有可能实现0tqzlGE~Vl8Jf。埃弗哈特希望合作的多家公司已经开始钻研这项技术=*WLKoaXB1-P

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美军欲通过太空运送补给和燃料.jpg

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埃里克·斯托尔莫(Eric Stallmer)是商业航天联合会主席EaQd)fODl#_)kFv-[2&*。该组织总部位于华盛顿特区,致力于支持航天飞行工业的发展i*UeS^YUy+OHGTPNp。斯托尔莫指出,像太空探索技术公司(SpaceX)和内华达(Sierra Nevada)等公司,甚至是外国公司,都可能成为美国政府的好伙伴jHpGf8*e+s*x

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然而,成本仍然是太空飞行的一个重要问题exfnFkD72T

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专家说,通过太空运输物资的需求肯定大于财政成本SJw!ciJbXayWR*jsf!t。例如,它可能只能应用于非常重要的操作中q1DjZt+[f2*

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托德·哈里森(Todd Harrison)是华盛顿战略与国际研究中心的太空和防务专家1atyPslSLoJ。他说,2012年,美国驻利比亚班加西领事馆遇袭就是速度重于成本的典型案例I2DZwy6SPZ+Z.iE。这次袭击导致美国大使克里斯托弗·史蒂文斯(Christopher Stevens)和其他三名美国人死亡*Qu&6h#X=H692~]A0.R

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他说:“想象一下,如果我们在得知可能遇袭的45分钟内,派遣一支海豹突击队,将他们放在复合舱内,结果可能会逆转”Y|iL)_FTD,I*(W

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埃弗哈特不仅对从地球一处向另一处发射补给感兴趣,他还想利用卫星在太空中定位补给=%c)B3g[,YLA|W50E=z)

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斯托尔莫说,很多航天公司都有研究太空补给站的想法.[n9f+B561Q!YYG3)Y_=。此外,这些公司还计划,一旦燃料补给车投入使用后将其改造为太空栖息地k=;TyErns)A;;OmQZuiq

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然而,目前尚不清楚这些技术何时会全面开发出来:专家预计,可能快则2年慢则10多年RV)aAJAuO*M

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但这并不能阻止埃弗哈特的梦想=0vfWzHJ#L&v7L[Kj

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“火车即将驶离车站,而我们都是车上的一员”GYLoZ_eZ@n~Q%h!Rkv.。他说,“我不会缩在车尾,我要站在驾驶室内2t7vOkNLE]Z.Mh。”

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埃弗哈特说,他的团队已经在为政府起草提案,让太空补给成为未来军队的一种可能nE7,3|IwCGFH

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菲尔·迪尔金为您播报V+#6Nz)LvLt.MQx

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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