VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):土耳其货币崩盘 总统:抵制美国产品
日期:2018-08-15 17:18

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Turkey's Erdogan Threatens Boycott of US Goods

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Turkey's President threatened Tuesday to boycott U.S. electronic goods because of what he calls an economic war against Turkey by the United States.

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President Erdogan told political supporters in Ankara that he would start "a boycott against America's electronic goods." He urged Turks to buy local or Korean mobile phones, instead of American iPhones.

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Erdogan, however, did not announce any government action towards a boycott.

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The president's comments came after diplomats from both sides met Monday to calm tensions.

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The call for a boycott appears to be Erdogan's answer to the U.S. decision to double tariffs on Turkish steel and aluminum imports. In addition, the U.S. has placed sanctions on two Turkish ministers over the arrest of an American pastor who is charged with having links to terrorism.

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Erdogan also has called on people to exchange their U.S. dollars for Turkish lira to help strengthen the exchange value of the country's currency.

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"If we divert our money to foreign currency...then we will be in the position of having surrendered to the devil," Erdogan said.

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The dispute between the U.S. and Turkey has started an economic crisis in Turkey that has pushed its currency to historic lows. The exchange value of the lira has fallen about 40 percent against the U.S. dollar since January. Last week it dropped 16 percent in one day.

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However, severe changes in the value of the currency calmed Tuesday after news that U.S. national security adviser John Bolton had met with the Turkish ambassador to Washington Monday.

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International investors are worried about Turkey's high amount of debt held in foreign currencies, especially the dollar. Most economists say Erdogan should raise interest rates to support the Turkish lira, but Erdogan wants to keep rates low to support growth. Investors are also worried about the effects of the dispute between two NATO allies.

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In a statement released Tuesday, Turkish business groups called on Erdogan to let the Turkish central bank raise interest rates to stop the currency crisis. They also called on Turkey to work with the United States to improve relations.

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The Turkish central bank has promised that Turkish banks will have all the money they need. But, foreign investors are concerned that the central bank may not act because of political interference. Central banks try to ignore politics when making economic decisions.

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In the case of the American pastor, the lawyer representing Andrew Brunson again asked a Turkish court to release him from house arrest. The 50-year-old pastor is charged with terrorism links and spying. He denies the charges. Brunson faces a possible prison sentence of 35 years.

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I'm Susan Shand.

重点解析

1.electronic goods 电子产品

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China mainly exports electronic goods, machinery, garments and shoes to Latin America.

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中国主要向拉丁美洲出口电子产品,机器,服装及鞋RTCaQr7r)As!yc6

2.economic war 经济战

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We are defending our people against an act of economic war.

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我们是在捍卫中国人民的利益,抵御经济战争行为.53P[WT09=

3.instead of 代替

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They wore ordinary ties instead of the more formal high collar and cravat.

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他们打着普通的领带,而不是更为正式的高领领结L~AOrg%8koAbfr

4.interest rates 利率

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Low interest rates are bad news for savers.

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低利率对于储蓄者来说是个坏消息uZ&M*k@@*8OjKz

5.The dispute between the U.S. and Turkey has started an economic crisis in Turkey that has pushed its currency to historic lows.

economic crisis 经济危机

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His money was haemorrhaged in that economic crisis.

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在那次经济危机中,他损失了一大笔钱NImSCA[8v|(#0b

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Many companies have been sent under in the economic crisis.

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在这次经济危机中,已有许多公司倒闭了q3vp#m6F+Me-TG

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6.In addition, the U.S. has placed sanctions on two Turkish ministers over the arrest of an American pastor who is charged with having links to terrorism.

have links to 与...有关

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Israel accuses the charity of having links to terrorism, a charge it denies.

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以色列指责恐怖主义有联系,否认这一说法,慈善机构n&%op1W_Qbg|JIA5l8)

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About 80 people suspected of having links to the mafia have been detained in Italy.

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意大利逮捕了约80名与黑手党有关联的嫌疑人7#7tns*b=&G6

参考译文

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土耳其货币崩盘 总统呼吁抵制美国产品

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周二,土耳其总统威胁称要抵制美国电子产品,因为他说“美国对土耳其发动经济战争”m9r.bxO,AgEwVe

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埃尔多安总统在安卡拉对政治支持者表示,他将开始“抵制美国的电子产品6gEx45Jr-q5xwR!UN-e。”他敦促土耳其人购买本土或韩国手机,不要购买美国的iPhone手机2gwifxDF@gWP_BS#OL

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然而,埃尔多安并未宣布政府采取任何抵制行动UUt+g[CInrl[yG8gzBT

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周一,双方的外交官举行会谈,以缓解紧张局势,随后总统发表了上述言论BL#0w(.q]Nf_9

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埃尔多安呼吁抵制似乎是对美国决定向土耳其钢铝产品征收双倍关税的回应mllDxVAe3hz1F2-_f。此外,美国还对土耳其两名部长实施了制裁,原因是土耳其逮捕了一名被控与恐怖主义有关的美国牧师t3.0n(eIWkB

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土耳其货币崩盘 总统呼吁抵制美国产品.jpg

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埃尔多安还呼吁人们将美元兑换为土耳其里拉,帮助提高本国货币的汇率q2b8^Pt%@Fk

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埃尔多安表示:“如果我们把存款都换成外币,那么我们会陷入向魔鬼投降的境地Ow_SDGeAY!76y。”

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美国和土耳其的争端引发了土耳其的经济危机,导致土耳其货币跌至历史低点UK@dZ~8NqJWe35-QjH。自今年1月以来,里拉兑美元的汇率已下跌约40%,甚至上周在一天内下跌了16%4KP)jd4R)01|v

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不过,美国国家安全顾问博尔顿周一与土耳其大使在华盛顿会面的消息传出后,土耳其汇率的剧烈变动才稳定下来!fwhKirD=kv(oM%

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国际投资者对土耳其持有的高额外币债务,尤其是美元债务表示担忧pkSE7[(+@W#,O7r#。多数经济学家表示,埃尔多安应该提高利率以支持土耳其里拉,但是埃尔多安希望保持低利率来维持经济增长Gv~4H;IZo-95Aaen_。投资者也担心美国和土耳其这两个北约盟国的争端产生的影响G#waFY3yok3ib0

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土耳其企业组织周二发表声明,呼吁埃尔多安让土耳其央行提高利率、阻止货币危机,9p[gVKk[!EjQckc&jkk。他们还呼吁土耳其与美国合作,改善两国关系o6m2D]6Gp^4yYddOB

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土耳其央行承诺,土耳其银行将筹集他们所需的全部资金2YWAZl;bx_3。但是外国投资者担心,央行可能不会因政治干预而采取行动t1+aPmYhBPv*9v+5。各国央行在做经济决策时都会尽量忽视政治考量VNG6tCw@(q3P;

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在美国牧师一案中,安德鲁·布伦森(Andrew Brunson)的代表律师再次要求土耳其法院解除对他的软禁DSOmB%m4FG。这位50岁的牧师被控同恐怖主义有联系并从事间谍活动Wu%-V6f*dUv5ACddigr。布伦森否认了这些指控,他可能会面临35年监禁kCa^KV6GdYOs=WzH+;

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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