VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国贸易战魔爪伸向土耳其
日期:2018-08-11 22:49

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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President Donald Trump says the United States has decided to increase tariff rates on Turkish steel and aluminum.
Trump announced the action Friday on Twitter.
The tariff for steel imported from Turkey will now be 50 percent. Import taxes for aluminum will be 20 percent. That is two times the level announced earlier this year in March.
The United States is the biggest destination for Turkish steel exports. Turkey answered the March tariff announcement by placing its own tariffs on $267 million of U.S. goods.
Turkey said it would respond to the new U.S. tariff action "without delay" and warned the move would further harm relations between the two countries.
Trump tweeted that the latest tariff decision came as Turkey's currency, the lira, slides rapidly downward against our very strong Dollar.
The lira's value fell about 13 percent against the dollar on Friday. The currency is down about 40 percent so far this year.
Economic experts believe the sharp fall of the lira is mainly because of concerns about the government's economic policies. The weakened currency's value has helped increase inflation and worried international investors.

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Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan won another term in office in June with expanded powers.
He has said Turkey's economy remains strong, noting a 7.4 percent growth rate in the first three months of this year. But some investors fear the Turkish economy is growing too quickly and could face problems.
Erdogan has been putting pressure on the central bank not to raise interest rates in an attempt to help borrowers. But experts argue that the central bank should instead raise interest rates to ease inflation and to support the currency.
Erdogan has blamed outside forces for trying to bring down Turkey's economy. On Friday, he said the country had to take steps in answer to those who have waged an economic war against us. He urged Turkish citizens to immediately exchange their gold and dollars for lira.
In his tweet about the new tariffs, Trump said Our relations with Turkey are not good at this time!
One of the difficult issues affecting U.S.-Turkish relations is a dispute over an American clergyman who has been jailed in Turkey since December 2016.
Turkey has accused Andrew Craig Brunson of spying and committing crimes on behalf of terror groups without being a member. Brunson is on trial and faces up to 35 years in prison if he is found guilty.
The United States placed sanctions on two Turkish officials earlier this month because of Brunson's case.
Erdogan said Turkey is not afraid of outside threats. He added that the country will continue to enjoy good economic relations with several major nations. These include places from Iran, to Russia, to China and some European countries, he said.
On Friday, Erdogan spoke by telephone with Russian President Vladimir Putin. A Russian government statement said the two discussed economic and trade ties, including the success of several joint projects.
I'm Bryan Lynn.

重点解析

1.interest rate 利率

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The Federal Reserve lowered interest rates by half a point.
联邦储备委员会将利率降低了0.5个百分点(W9cRZWPr@veltn

2.central bank 央行

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Mary banked $5,000 at the Central Bank.
玛丽在中央银行存了5 000美元!qV*h9Ied-YPJX

3.in answer to 回应……,回答

In answer to such an obvious question, Krugman parrots his usual line: free markets and deregulation.
在回答这浅显的问题,克鲁格曼重弹他的老调:自由市场,去规则化nb@LG%2l_vQZQitWIJ

4.take step 采取行动

If we do not take step immediately, some one will beat us to it, which means big loss for us.
如果我们不立即采取行动,一旦让别人捷足先登,这将会是我们的一大损失52Fqn[=H+yiCsWQbvu]

5.Turkey has accused Andrew Craig Brunson of spying and committing crimes on behalf of terror groups without being a member.

on behalf of 代表

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He spoke on behalf of all the members of the faculty and staff.
他代表全体教职员工讲了话Z,wM!hL2Y=98

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On behalf of my Government I have the honour to make to you the following communications.
我荣幸地代表我国政府向您转达如下内容whbPG+W;%Fq*Q-p9nD|

参考译文

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特朗普总统表示,美国已决定对土耳其钢铁和铝制品加征关税)IxyiNTS5Aq(oO,O0gu
本周五,特朗普在推特上宣布了加征关税之举s_1t,CeAsJy8Q]
土耳其出口到美国的钢铁现在将为50%,而铝制品将为20%*G3AxpD2YNx。这是今年三月关税水平的2倍,~#T7eq1TV
美国是土耳其钢铁最大的出口国&ndHUxuy6rC;fKf5-。土耳其对3月关税宣告的回应是:对美国价值2.67亿美元的商品加征关税SUe9JS8X+9Nf@YU
土耳其方面表示,其将“毫不迟疑”地回应美国的关税新动作,并警示称美国此举会进一步破坏两国关系]ePIf1&r,|Mwe]0jy
特朗普发推文称,美国做最近的关税决定时正值土耳其货币里拉兑强势美元的迅速贬值之际i3POtxZ,(.l-B@iX*)kB
周五,里拉兑美元汇率下降了近13%zE-9#&R[kpaTB。而今年到目前为止,里拉已贬值近40%xEpu6O%fq7;
经济专家认为,里拉的快速下滑主要是因为有人担心土耳其政府的经济政策@@xZAPy,i-qX(。里拉疲软的现状将助长通货膨胀,让国际投资者更加望而却步+pG^WsU%!3-C3P_#Y3u
土耳其总统埃尔多安(Recep Tayyip Erdogan)于6月赢得了下一届任期,权力也愈发扩大&[Mmf=L0gz,_)+*Z
埃尔多安曾表示,土耳其经济一直走势强劲,今年第一季度增长了7.4%z2]oEF(WVMeYH+nD_w=。但一些投资者担心土耳其经济增长过快会有问题xbznNuj%gjqAR&OH4c
埃尔多安一直在向央行施压,要求其不要增长利率,目的是帮助借贷者IKf1!SkMr9lSH=EBa]om。但有专家认为,央行应该增加利率,这样才能缓解通胀,助力里拉增值Wke[rG9lHPT[wyu*~
埃尔多安责怪外界势力企图打垮土耳其经济55!HXWRMI_1-~xJ#。周五,埃尔多安表示,土耳其必须采取行动,应对向土耳其发动经济战争的人b!t#Do0&Zw_S5UP;-l。他敦促土耳其市民立即将黄金和美元兑换成里拉T+b#&CQsWqtkj^
在有关加征新关税的推文中,特朗普表示,我们与土耳其的关系现在很不好!
影响两国关系的棘手问题中有一个是涉及一场争议:某美国教士自2016年12月以来就一直被关在土耳其监狱中Fxnje+%#gHV(u
此人名为布伦森,土耳其控诉此人从事间谍活动,而且虽然并非恐怖组织成员,却为恐怖组织作恶-|4v*L]jpKIyYos。布伦森正在受审,如果定罪可能入狱35年jA7-;@#lw[V_hfov
本月初,美国因布伦森的案件问题而制裁了2名土耳其官员jC,qS6BKKwBe6kVpB
埃尔多安表示,土耳其并不害怕外界的威胁Q|[t+D=@3f。他还补充说,土耳其将继续保护与几个大国的良好经济关系lyyJQ)wM];7。其中包括伊朗、俄罗斯、中国以及一些欧洲国家,他如是说道VVq]H.R)p7^3R@W
本周五,埃尔多安与俄罗斯总统普京通了话UuvXI.9twZgbw。俄罗斯政府发表的一份声明指出,双方讨论了经济和贸易关系,包括几个联合项目的成功o0em.Id&Fb
布莱恩 林恩(Bryan Lynn)为您播报7ri]GvvLWVA%rpdEN

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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