VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):报告称:俄罗斯秘密向朝鲜出口石油
日期:2018-08-09 17:19

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Report: Russia Set Up Secret Oil Shipments to North Korea

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A South Korean research group says Russia exported more oil to North Korea than previously reported.

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A new report by the Seoul-based Asan Institute for Policy Studies suggests Russia set up a secret trading system to get around United Nations economic sanctions on North Korea.

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The report centers on the activities of Russia's Independent Petroleum Company (IPC). IPC was targeted by the U.S. Treasury Department in June 2017 for violating restrictions on oil exports to North Korea.

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IPC was found to have sold large amounts of oil to Russian-linked companies, the report says. Some of the companies were used to cover up the oil exports to North Korea by falsifying information about which countries the supplies were shipped to.

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The report says one North Korean state company was found to have bought nearly 623,000 tons of Russian oil worth $238 million between 2015 and 2017. The Asan group said it discovered the information in Russian customs documents.

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But the Korea International Trade Association in Seoul had reported only about $25 million in Russian oil sales between 2015 and 2017.

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The report says the U.S. State Department estimates North Korea has been importing around 4 million barrels of crude oil and 4.5 million barrels of processed oil each year. And China is North Korea's main oil supplier.

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Go Myong-Hyun is a North Korea expert with Asan. He says smuggling has always been an important part of cross-border trading between North Korea and its close allies. He said, "What the Chinese government - and the Russian government to a lesser extent - have been doing, is to turn a blind eye to these activities."

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More violations of international sanctions

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The information from Asan came after a report in the Wall Street Journal accused Russia of possibly violating international sanctions another way. That report said Russia issued work permits to more than 10,000 North Korean laborers since September to work in Russia.

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U.N. sanctions put in place in September of 2017 ban member countries from "providing work authorization" permits to North Korean workers.

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Russian officials denied the newspaper report. Last week, U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Nikki Haley said she found the story "credible." She said "reports of Russia violating U.N. Security Council resolutions on North Korean laborers working abroad are deeply troubling."

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In December of 2017, the U.N. Security Council strengthened the sanctions. They cut North Korean oil imports by about one third, while placing a total export ban on coal and other mineral industries. The sanctions also affected $800 million in North Korean clothing manufacturing, as well as the country's seafood industry.

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There are signs the international sanctions have severely harmed North Korea's economy over the past year. The Bank of Korea has estimated the sanctions banned about 90 percent of the country's trade.

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The restrictions aim to pressure North Korea to give up its nuclear weapons and missile programs. North Korean leader Kim Jong Un promised to work toward denuclearization during his meeting with U.S. President Donald Trump in Singapore in June.

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I'm Jonathan Evans.

重点解析

1.set up 建立;成立

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I set up a ginger group on the environment.

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我建立了一个积极从事环保的组织_tdc(OZCs*Wfu7

2.as well as 和...一样

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The criticisms are founded on facts as well as on convictions.

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这些批评是基于事实和信念48i#e=Yik4#D.(5

3.oil imports 石油进口

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We buy everything abroad with the money earned from oil imports.

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我们用进口石油赚到的钱从国外购买一切商品(q%8mjO=sa=]HRjg

4.give up 放弃

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He is thinking of giving up teaching.

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他在考虑辞去教书的工作i&qxC3Bu;^

5.U.N. sanctions put in place in September of 2017 ban member countries from "providing work authorization" permits to North Korean workers.

put in place 落实到位;正在实施

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They're offended by the elaborate security measures the police have put in place.

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他们被警方部署的繁复安全措施惹怒了2XUaBa!zAT+%Ef2(u-+

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The restrictions have been put in place, after a five-day national strike.

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这项法令是在该国遭受了五天的全国性罢工后颁布的DnEj#m5Q6(*G_5M[y

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6.The Russian government to a lesser extent - have been doing, is to turn a blind eye to these activities."

turn a blind eye to 对...视而不见

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Those children have enjoyed a good life and they seem to turn a blind eye to patriotism.

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现在的孩子生活很优越,好像对爱国主义漠不关心了[C5iOqnP-p).5CfkD=I

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How much happiness we turn a blind eye to, but we are shut out by the minimal pain.

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有多少幸福我们视若无睹,是因为我们的视线被那些轻微的痛苦遮挡了^6Y#((9&5d1

参考译文

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报告称:俄罗斯秘密向朝鲜出口石油

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韩国一家研究组织称,俄罗斯向朝鲜出口的石油量超过了之前报道的数量7R2sL7aF#7V2qV-3v+oe

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总部位于首尔的峨山政策研究院的一份新报告显示,俄罗斯建立了一个秘密交易系统,以规避联合国对朝鲜的经济制裁S#@alKBf,H

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这份报告集中于俄罗斯独立石油公司(IPC)的相关活动MJ^_CtA~5g8OifGw6)。2017年6月,该公司因违反对朝鲜出口石油的管制受到美国商务部的制裁.x5VWhq!V(=rN

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该报告指出,俄罗斯独立石油公司被发现向与俄罗斯有关的公司出售大量石油=BdY9Xku&#Z1w#7ROuI9。其中一些公司被用来掩盖对朝鲜的石油出口,其手段是伪造石油运输目的地国家的相关信息_v=@Y~Vu~F^Xz#M

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该报告称,一家朝鲜国有企业被发现,曾于2015年到2017年购买了价值2.38亿美元的近62.3吨俄罗斯石油AWXn9&WBSSLbYhp*|FA。峨山政策研究院表示,他们在俄罗斯海关文件中发现了这些信息1mdfhMv|%]4+c&w5

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报告称:俄罗斯秘密向朝鲜出口石油.png

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但位于首尔的韩国国际贸易协会报告称,2015年到2017年间,俄罗斯的石油销售额只有约2500万美元Veb1UILi#]YvW9TTiB

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该报告称,美国国务院估计,朝鲜每年进口约400万桶原油和450万桶成品油a&-)e-[bvf。中国也是朝鲜的主要石油供应国!lH,[@JHkfCJu~FNtr3

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郭明贤(Go Myong-Hyun)是峨山政策研究院的朝鲜问题专家c|99*S^S8Yj7is;I。他说,走私一直是朝鲜及其亲密盟友间的跨境贸易的重要组成部分;N#MH&YPVr_.bHoBee。他说,“其亲密盟友在一定程度上对这些活动视而不见x_(Y,(t1tD31MK6]iR。”

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更多违反国际制裁的行为

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《华尔街日报》的一篇报道指责俄罗斯可能以另一种方式违反国际制裁后,峨山政策研究院的这些信息才被公布S4&Hk9Z|eJrZfj7ZiSu。该报道指出,自去年9月份以来,俄罗斯向1万多名朝鲜劳工发放了在俄罗斯工作的许可证8mLcqWN7R+F7v%&qdsv

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2017年9月,联合国实施制裁,禁止成员国向朝鲜劳工提供“工作许可证”JQ|x!g+N5T;-;k0eifcV

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俄罗斯官员否认了这一报道MKfT#x)AL!FI。上周,美国驻联合国大使尼基·黑利(Nikki Haley)表示,她发现这篇报道是可信的RSnnR=]fuSOU9ti~。她指出,“这篇俄罗斯违反联合国安理会关于朝鲜海外劳工决议的的报道令人深感不安))q*zaDmjf#fa。”

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2017年12月,联合国安理会加强了这些制裁52_ZS4Vj3r。他们削减了朝鲜约1/3的石油进口,同时全面禁止煤炭和其它矿产的出口ic7rO@iBvt。制裁还影响了朝鲜价值8亿美元的服装制造和海鲜行业B94guZbyR@aUCDQyfqV

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有迹象显示,在过去一年里,国际制裁严重损害了朝鲜经济8qv8dCo3iT7ZoZo,。据韩国银行估计,这些制裁禁止了朝鲜约90%的贸易!+#seUuJ7TO

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这些制裁旨在迫使朝鲜放弃其核武器和导弹项目fs4FVmYqQ.=。朝鲜领导人金正恩今年6月在新加坡与美国总统特朗普会晤时承诺,将致力于实现无核化,45v,XAqgNf[CmZnxy.

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乔纳森·埃文斯为您播报Q!A6y*cT~fe]%=_LFA

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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