VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):格鲁吉亚批准大麻使用合法化
日期:2018-08-05 21:40

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Georgia has become the first former member of the Soviet Union to legalize use of marijuana. Yet Georgians are still barred from growing, storing or selling the drug.
Georgia's constitutional court ruled on marijuana late last month. The court said in a statement that marijuana use is an act guaranteed by the right of free self-development.

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The statement added that there are still some situations in which using the drug would be illegal. These are situations where marijuana presents a threat to third persons, the court said. This would include use in schools, some public spaces and public transportation, as well as when children are present.
The ruling resulted from a case brought by activists of Georgia's Girchi party. One of those activists is Zurab Japaridze, a former lawmaker. Georgians remember seeing images of him planting marijuana seeds in a televised broadcast of a New Year's Eve event in 2016.
The Girchi party had long campaigned for the legalization of marijuana. Japaridze called the court's ruling a "big victory" that was years in the making. This wasn't a fight for cannabis. This was a fight for freedom, he told reporters.
In November 2017, the Constitutional Court decriminalized the use of marijuana and other forms of cannabis-based drugs. But it kept in place a non-jail punishment for marijuana use, a $200 fine.
Rights activists say the Georgian government has used drug enforcement policies to justify extreme policing methods at popular nightspots. In May, thousands of people demonstrated for several days in the capital, Tbilisi, to protest such police activities.
Leaders of Georgia's Orthodox Church strongly condemned the court's marijuana ruling as a traitorous decision.
The four judges are making disastrous decisions, ignoring the will of 4 million people, said Archbishop Andria. The church official called for the removal of the judges who decided the case.
But other Georgians who would like an easing of drug policies felt the ruling went too far. The head of a health care committee in parliament told reporters he thinks the use of marijuana should only be legalized for medical purposes.
Our aim was not to make marijuana accessible for everyone, but to reduce the number of drug addicts.
I'm Bryan Lynn.

重点解析

1. be barred from sth/doing sth 被禁止做某事
The bank also is barred from taking deposits, which means higher financing costs.
农发行也不能吸引存款,这意味着它的融资成本较高Jlrg&aJc*J

2.rule on 就……做出判决

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They say no president has ever recognized its constitutionality, Congress has never challenged it, and the Supreme Court has never ruled on it.
他们说,没有一位总统曾认同这一立法的合法性,国会也从来没有对它提出质疑,而最高法院从未就其作出裁决8W4!aYu0z*-^~gAQ,~..

3. result from 由于,因……而产生

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Her blindness of both eyes resulted from a traffic accident.
她的双目失明是由于一次交通事故造成的!3vo7iRgb+azW)0J;hA

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4.campaign for 争取……,为……而战

She campaigned for women’s suffrage, workers’ rights, and socialism, as well as many other progressive causes.
此外她还投身于争取妇女选举权、工人权利、社会主义运动等诸多进步事业hvV0~M%yi5

5. This would include use in schools, some public spaces and public transportation, as well as when children are present.

as well as 和,以及,与

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She can play tennis as well as basketball.
她也会打篮球,也会打网球-[jWS7q+nVA37ALKK]

参考译文

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格鲁吉亚是前苏联成员国中第一个将大麻合法化的国家uXkWe#!-U&Kh2&]9=Z。但格鲁吉亚公民依然无法种植、储存以及售卖大麻.(aNa[KFR)9[0.mELI
上个月,格鲁吉亚宪法法院就大麻问题作出判决i%GWGJ(@NFU+。该法院在一份声明中写道,使用大麻这种行为受到自由的自我发展权利所肯定的;H*WP=u!YrGc
该声明补充指出,不过,在一些情况下使用大麻是非法的,即党大麻对他人构成威胁时,该法院如是写道BK~^Mp*hLC5n&pM,NA|b。这就包括在学校、一些公众场合、公共交通以及有儿童在场时使用大麻,TmH(uR@MPH=oav
这次判决的起因是格鲁吉亚Girchi党的积极分子提起了一桩案子he@fzF%4wgUxDXL(D。其中一个名为祖拉伯(Zurab Japaridze)的积极分子以前是一名议员4-oYtLC8.T9,yRLJ&T&。2016年,他曾在电视直播的除夕活动中,当着许多人的面种植大麻种子S8xLE%aGBkUOJH
长期以来,Girchi一直主张大麻合法化L;PZ4|)G;f-E4py#PId。祖拉伯称,这次法院的判决是“一次重大的胜利”,是多年来努力的成果P[JsPd^t#9W。这不是为大麻而战,而是为自由而战,他在接受记者采访时如是说道]~qv%Z%|4bzwI*^uo
2017年11月,宪法法院将使用大麻等大麻属药物合法化-X53A4QgpQhO[。但对于使用大麻的行为依然收取200美元的罚金|eR@Bu@#w)PcVVqE&
权利活动家表示,格鲁吉亚政府通过毒品管制的政策为知名夜店的极端监控方式开便利之门O%sWn2xk_ayXF%q@7Y[z。5月,上千人在首都第比利斯进行了数天的示威,抗议这种监控方式lJbF3;#u1+Q
格鲁吉亚东正教的多名领袖强烈谴责该法院对大麻合法化的判决,称其是叛国的决定tZz=|7bv~ZR5(%sPzXlk
这4名饭馆做了灾难性的决定,无视了400万人的意愿,大主教安德里亚如是说道m&MWKYDUHXn@qnn。安德里亚呼吁罢免进行该判决的法官的职务6(3=or4HJZ&Dx@E
但格鲁吉亚希望减轻毒品管制政策力度的一些人觉得,这项判决有些过火了Q4=nEZff-St_)6h0。某医疗委员会在国会的负责人在接受记者采访时表示,从医疗的角度来讲,使用大麻应该合法化JSB,r3A=6#
我们的目标不是让每个人都使用大麻,而是减少毒瘾者的数量dOoK,,bhHX38S8J+1gV
布莱恩 林恩为您播报8FQDB)KaREa0

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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