VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):3D打印枪支在美国引发争议
日期:2018-08-04 20:48

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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In the U.S. this month, Americans are discussing whether 3D guns are legal.
Cody Wilson says yes. He first used a website to publish designs for a printable handgun in 2013. But the U.S. State Department soon ordered him to stop, saying the designs violated laws related to exports.
This summer, the two parties reached a settlement that would permit Wilson to publish the designs. But when public officials warned that 3D guns threatened public safety, a judge blocked Wilson until the issue could be discussed again.
Wilson calls his argument a First Amendment case. The First Amendment, part of the U.S. Constitution's Bill of Rights, permits Americans the right to most kinds of speech. Wilson believes it permits him to share the plans to make a gun with a 3D printer.

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His lawyer, Josh Blackman, said, This is a very, very, very easy First Amendment question that I think people might be hesitant to accept because it involves guns and people don't like guns.
The federal judge who has temporarily blocked Wilson noted the case presented serious First Amendment issues. But Judge Robert Lasnik also said that guns made on 3D printers could create serious harm.
Critics of 3D guns say criminals or terrorists could easily create the guns and hide them. The New York Times newspaper notes they can be printed without serial numbers or government regulations.
In addition, all-plastic guns would violate a 1988 law called the Undetectable Firearms Act. That act outlaws guns that cannot be identified by a metal detector. Congress has renewed the act several times, and it remains in effect.
Even though Wilson's designs call for some metal, critics say a user could easily remove those pieces.
It's an absurdity. You can take the piece of metal out and put it back in at your own whims and you can take it out and walk through a metal detector undetected, said Jonas Oransky, legal director for the group Everytown for Gun Safety.
Wilson answers that he is not making an all-plastic gun. He is simply providing the information on how someone could make one.
The judge will meet with lawyers about the case next week.
U.S. President Donald Trump has also said he is thinking about the issue.
I'm Kelly Jean Kelly.

重点解析

1.be related to sth 与……有关

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So, Boltzmann understood that and he explained how entropy is related to the arrow of time.
所以,波尔兹曼了解这一点并且他解释了熵是如何与时间之箭相关的EK*|+gpaVf

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2.order sb to do sth 命令某人做某事

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Jack is ordered to talk to no one, and he obeys the command.
据他的指令,杰克不能与任何人交谈,杰克遵从了这个命令7%F3C0WIh6j3[Vi(zNd

3.public safety 公共安全

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Where Obama has stumbled, though, is when he has allowed politics or a legalistic approach to get in the way of common sense about public safety.
虽然这样,但奥巴马也有踌躇的地方,那就是当他允许政治或法律途径来阻碍对公共安全的常识时Vz-;(@^Xi=6FCg

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4.be hesitant to do 犹豫做某事

The Kenyan government is hesitant to legitimize illegally squatted land.
肯尼亚政府一直犹豫着是否将非法占用的土地合法化z&wH~uBE)Ora

5. Wilson believes it permits him to share the plans to make a gun with a 3D printer.

plan to do sth 计划做某事

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There are indicatons that she changed her thougth and planed to hold a great birthday party.
有迹象表明,她转变了观念,打算举行一个盛大的生日聚会_lD5X@t+hz

参考译文

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这个月,很多美国人都在讨论3D枪是否应该合法化的问题Uox|iGibt5#=t.RW~z=
科迪 威尔逊(Cody Wilson)支持强制合法化qn;q0DXPNNoiS。2013年,他率先通过网站来发布可打印手枪的设计OEpFt3s%ETtm。但美国国务院很快就勒令他停止,并表示他的设计违反了与出口有关的法律2J7L3!+=n22yz
今年夏天,国内两党达成一致,允许威尔逊发布枪支设计@ro(Oaju*Jk。但由于多位政府工作人员警示称,3D枪威胁了公共安全,所以一位法官禁止威尔逊发布枪支设计,因为目前这个问题是没得商量的CUw5I#;(-qbNp-v,.
威尔逊用《第一修正案》来为自己证明v7U5@oQKPoa。《第一修正案》是美国《人权法案》的部分内容,该修正案允许美国人拥有大多数情况下言论自由的权利Hz3NQ4oZE64oM。威尔逊认为,该修正案让自己可以分享用3D打印方式来制造枪支的计划9g6=Y1,4wF)!g
威尔逊的律师乔希 布莱克曼(Josh Blackman)表示,我认为这个有关《第一修正案》的问题非常非常简单,但公众对于接受这件事可能很犹豫,因为这涉及到枪的问题,而大家都不喜欢枪4l8Y1DcF[eeG|v0P
曾暂时禁止威尔逊提议的联邦法官表示,这个案子向《第一修正案》提出了严正的问题^bJcTkxQ79i9。但法官罗伯特 拉斯尼克(Robert Lasnik)也认为,用3D打印机制造出来的枪支会造成严重的伤害%XXWPqgBcUDO1_0~EGV
对3D枪持批评意见的人认为,犯罪分子或恐怖分子可以轻而易举的造出3D枪,并将之藏匿起来us)VfQUCiqz。《纽约时报》认为,3D枪不需要序列号和政府监管就能制造出来S%(v!h5#2DX@Zpc=hdU
除此之外,全塑料制造的枪支会违反1988年的《不可探测枪支法案》-y[s&2s@ozk4MGGo。该法案认定,金属探测器检测不到的枪支就是违法枪支2+Wuj!wFMQB+#V|8gj。美国国会曾多次更新该法案,目前该法案依然有效c+Z)1Uqg9MVY_-JeF
虽然威尔逊的设计中也会用到金属,但批评家认为,使用者可以轻而易举地将金属部分挪走XAKfIP|Vg7pNv
这台荒谬了~~=)h#*6t&mn!P0;t。3D枪里的金属,使用者可以收放自如的装拆,也就是说,出去的时候可以把金属拆掉,这样金属探测器就探测不到,枪支安全无处不在的法律主管乔纳斯(Jonas Oransky)如是说道Lft5lGpeFge8
对此,威尔逊的恢复是:他自己并没有制造全塑料材质的枪(=,(g+;wbc55。他只是提供了可能制造全塑料枪支的人的信息而已1sePHphfCSL1NI)&zS
本周,法官将与多位律师会晤,商讨这个案子ZO2tHp;;R|9ZzB*VEm9A
美国总统特朗普也表示自己在思考这个问题Q5VZbeCZ1&lJt
凯利 让 凯利(Kelly Jean Kelly)为您播报VOA新闻g(U6,T](=M8x6T

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • hesitantadj. 迟疑的,犹豫不定的
  • commandn. 命令,指挥,控制 v. 命令,指挥,支配 n. [
  • serialn. 序列,串列 adj. 连续的,一连串的
  • temporarilyadv. 暂时地,临时地
  • constitutionn. 组织,宪法,体格
  • legaladj. 法律的,合法的,法定的
  • identifiedadj. 被识别的;经鉴定的;被认同者 v. 鉴定(id
  • amendmentn. 改善(正), 修正案,某物质能改善土壤有助生长
  • absurdityn. 荒谬,悖理,荒谬的事
  • additionn. 增加,附加物,加法