VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):脸书发现干预美国中期选举的虚假账号
日期:2018-08-01 13:56

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Facebook Uncovers Fake Accounts Ahead of Midterm Elections

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Facebook says the company has removed 32 pages and accounts from its social media sites ahead of midterm elections in the United States.

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In a statement July 31, Facebook said those removed had violated company policy barring "inauthentic coordinated behavior." The policy is in place because, the statement continued, "we don't want people or organizations creating networks of accounts to mislead others about who they are, or what they're doing."

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Facebook said it does not know who controlled the accounts but that they appeared to be fake. The company also did not directly suggest the pages were aimed at influencing the U.S. midterm elections in November. But it did compare the accounts to those set up by Russian-based Internet Research Agency, or IRA. It is facing criminal charges of illegal interference in the 2016 U.S. presidential elections.

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The social media company said it is still early in its investigation of possible fake accounts. It also said it has shared the information with U.S. law enforcement agencies, Congress, and other technology companies.

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The first of the pages was created in March 2017. The other removed material included eight Facebook pages, 17 Facebook profiles, and seven accounts of the photo-sharing site Instagram.

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Facebook said one of the pages had 290,000 followers. The most followed pages used names like "Aztlan Warriors," ″Black Elevation," ″Mindful Being," and "Resisters."

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The accounts also spent about $11,000 for 150 ads on Facebook and Instagram. The money was paid in U.S. and Canadian dollars from April 2017 to June 2018. The account also created about 30 events since May 2017.

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Facebook said since the company has increased efforts to prevent abuse, the creators of fake accounts have begun to employ trickier, more secretive efforts. For example, "they used VPNs and internet phone services, and paid third parties to run ads," the statement said. VPNs are virtual private networks.

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However, the company added that it had found some connections between these fake accounts and the removed IRA accounts. One of the IRA accounts shared a Facebook event hosted by the "Resister" page. And the two also briefly had the same administrator.

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I'm Caty Weaver.

重点解析

1.set up 成立;建立

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I set up a ginger group on the environment.

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我建立了一个积极从事环保的组织_1.0r7WuIG

2.social media 社交媒体

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We have all witnessed the power of social media.

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我们见证了社交媒体的实力2oUt^R|U|9

3.criminal charges 刑事指控

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Her husband faces various criminal charges.

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她丈夫面临多项犯罪指控(sm-td_DeW;

4.aimed at 旨在;致力于

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The government rushed through legislation aimed at Mafia leaders.

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政府匆忙通过了针对黑手党首领的立法bpN]ppT*7_)9m2]*2TZ

5.The policy is in place because, the statement continued, "we don't want people or organizations creating networks of accounts to mislead others about who they are, or what they're doing."

be in place 落实到位

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We already have our core team in place.

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我们的骨干团队已经就位了!kVV6d+cG8pI

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They're offended by the elaborate security measures the police have put in place.

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他们被警方部署的繁复安全措施惹怒了DN!aHidA7.NO+9Op~

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6.It is facing criminal charges of illegal interference in the 2016 U.S. presidential elections.

presidential elections 总统选举

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In past presidential elections, Missouri has been a barometer of the rest of the country.

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在过去的总统选举中,密苏里州一直是国内其他州的晴雨表qNBc#VWsF0^jw.Z

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Presidential elections are due to be held in ten days 'time.

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总统竞选将在10天后如期举行H_,JR^PSHO4

参考译文

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脸书发现干预美国中期选举的虚假账号

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脸书网(Facebook)表示,公司在美国中期选举之前删除了该社交网站上的32个账户和主页J[FXGqn%_zIiR[sZWrJb

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脸书在7月31日的一份声明中表示,被删除的账户和页面违反了公司禁止“虚假协同行为”的政策&yTF(+.Y-WV2;E,。声明还指出,实施该政策是因为“我们不希望创建网络账户的个人或组织误导别人的身份或行为o_F~rR~hg)A([N~。”

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脸书声称,不知道操纵这些账户的“黑手”,不过这些似乎都是虚假账户Dvl,6PlPO2svVI,po。该公司也没有直接暗示这些页面的目的是影响11月份举行的美国中期选举Y9wtpt#vQiY]。但是,该公司确实将这些账户与俄罗斯互联网研究机构创建的账户进行了对比q&dPr_S+c0(F5。该机构正面临非法干涉2016年美国总统选举的刑事指控^JZG-TXGix@

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脸书发现干预美国中期选举的虚假账号.png

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脸书还表示,调查可能存在的虚假账户现在仍处于早期阶段,并指出已向美国执法机构、国会以及其它科技公司共享了这一信息Qlj)U9Gl*!)VlKYo)zA

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第一个虚假主页于2017年3月创建WX.IF0BE0XY。其它被删除的材料包括8个脸书主页、17份脸书个人资料以及7个照片分享网站Instagram账号h_qhJ&VKqp+W+-xzF54S

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脸书方面表示,其中一个主页拥有29万名粉丝Q%uiH02e7=;x*.Ipi[|i。其中最受追捧的主页使用的用户名为Aztlan Warriors、Black Elevation、Mindful Being和Resisters等(8y|Tf,;syARBw04

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这些账号还在脸书网站以及Instagram上投放了150条广告,花费近1.1万美元V%BXws,YL7dQ2.C7。这笔钱在2017年4月至2018年6月间以美元和加元支付%TNSoy(7Gi!A.z*6Y2)。自2017年5月以来,这些账号还创建了约30个活动-]0-lV3@*Q19Ar~rlneh

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脸书公司表示,由于加大了防止网络滥用的力度,虚假账户的创建者开始采取更狡猾、隐蔽的手段,7XEa~H-4~_&#UbI6。例如,在该声明中提到,”他们利用VPN和互联网电话服务,通过第三方投放广告S!r8M|nn9xa(nZYm*。“VPN”是指虚拟专用网络jqyS1l!FK6P)PVDID^bj

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然而,该公司补充说,已经发现了这些虚假账户与被删除的俄罗斯互联网研究机构的账户存在某些联系%m8cIV&yZ*。该机构的其中一个账号分享了用户Resiter在其脸书主页发起的一项活动FJ,DE%MfZ_XE]#BX。而且这两个账号曾经由同一位管理员管理YzDxIHBj)YpbBduqD

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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