VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国城市禁止儿童菜单出现含糖饮料
日期:2018-07-30 13:41

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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US City Bans Sugary Drinks on Children’s Menus

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Recently, Baltimore, Maryland, became the largest city in the United States to ban restaurants from including sodas and other sugary drinks on their menus for children.

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Now, Baltimore's restaurants can only offer milk, water or 100 percent fruit juice as drinks with meals meant for children.

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At places to eat in the city, boys and girls can still drink soda. But an adult will have to order it for them.

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Restaurants failing to obey the new law face a $100 fine.

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Doctor Leana Wen is Baltimore's Health Commissioner. She said that the "law will help families make the healthy choice the easy choice."

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"The science is clear," Wen said. "One of the biggest contributors to childhood obesity is sugary drinks." She added that "childhood obesity is a major risk factor for diabetes, heart disease and early death."

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The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that, in Baltimore, one in three school-aged children is obese. CDC officials define obesity as weight that is higher than what is considered as a healthy weight for a given height.

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A federal study of Baltimore showed that about one in four schoolchildren drink soda every day.

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The America Heart Association suggests that children two years of age and older drink no more than one 227-gram soda per week.

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The CDC website states that nationwide "the percentage of children and adolescents affected by obesity has more than tripled since the 1970s. Records from 2015 and 2016 show that nearly 1 in 5 school-age children and young people (6 to 19 years) suffer from obesity.

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The Restaurant Association of Maryland opposes the new law. It says Baltimore's restaurants are already facing enough business challenges. It warns the law will make those challenges even worse.

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Other smaller U.S. cities – seven in California and one in Colorado -- have already banned sodas from children's restaurant menus. However, Baltimore is the first large city to take this step.

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Whether or not such bans are approved in other cities, both large and small, remains to be seen.

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I'm Anna Matteo.

重点解析

1.sugary drinks 含糖饮料

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Milk's proteins (whey and casein) can make you feel more satisfied than sugary drinks.

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牛奶中的蛋白质(乳清和酪蛋白)比含糖饮料更能产生饱腹感8(ZXX]WpSKi

2.fruit juice 果汁

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Now I drink a lot of water and some fruit juice.

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现在我喝大量的水和果汁+yV[X9GuJ4k#~nftOX#@

3.childhood obesity 儿童肥胖

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Childhood obesity is associated with a higher chance of obesity, premature death and disability in adulthood.

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儿童肥胖会使成年期肥胖、早逝和残疾出现的几率更大Si5rZBYGtG.sv,

4.risk factor 风险因素

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Diabetes is one of important risk factor for coronary heart disease.

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糖尿病是冠心病的重要危险因素之一kHAx_b.7zEL6iZeJ

5.Whether or not such bans are approved in other cities, both large and small, remains to be seen.

It remains to be seen ...有待观察

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It remains to be seen whether her parliamentary colleagues will agree.

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她的国会同僚是否同意,现在还无从知晓yH@2NVhIW)

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It still remains to be seen whether Buchanan will be just a gadfly or a real threat to the president.

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布坎南只是故意搅局还是对总统构成真正的威胁,这还有待观察53~n_-js=|ge8CJu

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6.Records from 2015 and 2016 show that nearly 1 in 5 school-age children and young people (6 to 19 years) suffer from obesity.

suffer from 遭受;患有

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Many kids suffer from acne and angst.

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许多年轻人都会受到青春痘和焦虑的困扰xmd0SqhcFIU0~bueb=sB

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I still suffer from catarrh and sinus problems.

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我仍然患有黏膜炎和鼻窦炎gJ*j*u9o8JrVw

参考译文

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美国城市禁止儿童菜单出现含糖饮料

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近期,马里兰州巴尔的摩市成为美国禁止餐厅在儿童菜单中加入碳酸饮料和其它含糖饮料的最大城市1&I~T][@PJBjx]j;UI+I

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现在,巴尔的摩的餐厅只能给儿童提供牛奶、水或100%纯果汁作为儿童套餐的饮料cWP+;D5h1R#;m

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在该市的各大餐馆,儿童仍然可以饮用碳酸饮料35Ss!H3jf,[9;y。但是必须由成年人代为购买k,IlrG|vlA90]C

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不遵守新法律的餐厅将面临100美元的罚款iy@n5xMm3ewQ9

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美国城市禁止儿童菜单出现含糖饮料.jpg

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利阿娜(Leana Wen)博士是巴尔的摩的卫生专员%ETqVrH6qXtnD3j@gH*。她说,这项法律将帮助家庭更轻松地做出健康选择+[Zl#urjeS|yP

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利阿娜表示:“科学证据十分明确]LV=t.=WMR6I;Z;)hn。含糖饮料是儿童肥胖的罪魁祸首之一+&+RrMV1)lYeiMU。”她补充说,“儿童肥胖是导致糖尿病、心脏病和早逝的主要风险因素iG2=DV!kWq1。”

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美国疾病控制和预防中心报告称,巴尔的摩有三分之一的学龄儿童肥胖^nH~|%e5Yu8HN。该中心的官员将肥胖定义为:体重高于某一特定身高的健康体重u_YfSjFh&KNh

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巴尔的摩的一项联邦研究显示,有四分之一的学龄儿童每天饮用碳酸饮料jcXIQ^-Y5bIMI

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美国心脏协会建议,2岁及以上年龄的儿童每周饮用碳酸饮料不超过227克diHXBV_p2~I

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美国疾病控制与预防中心网站指出,自上世纪70年代以来,全国“受肥胖症影响的儿童和青少年的比例增加了两倍以上”2)SUKky2.bYw=#=8t。2015年和2016年的数据表明,近五分之一的学龄儿童和6-19岁的青少年患有肥胖症rjrg|T1_--qHOc|

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马里兰州的餐厅协会反对这项新法律#t7^o|tui31_82。该协会表示,巴尔的摩的餐厅面临的商业挑战已经足够多了5oOfy_tn+vRj@j[zvdo.。它警告说,这项法律将导致这些商业挑战更为严苛LgCJrnXHtOBb|,_

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美国其它一些较小的城市,其中加州7个城市和科罗拉多州的1个城市已经禁止在儿童的菜单中列出碳酸饮料RmcDpH%RsslTMgD。然而,巴尔的摩是采取这一措施的首个大城市7Cs%|ZLyZbuC

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这类禁令是否能在其它大或小城市获批仍然有待观察4NCNw*0BT,F.JT&

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安娜·马特奥为您播报#L+%3B5Q4,NysOEV

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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