VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):朝鲜要求殖民赔偿 矛头直指日本
日期:2018-07-26 11:39

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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North Korea Eases Criticism of US, South, Aims at Japan Instead

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North Korea's state media have greatly reduced criticism of the United States and South Korea while the countries are involved in diplomatic talks. But North Korea has increased sharp words for another target: Japan.

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Japan has held a harder line against North Korea than South Korea or the U.S. As a result, the North has increased its criticism possibly in an effort to divide Japan from its allies.

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In recent days, North Korea's official media denounced Japan for discriminating against its large ethnic Korean community. And it has brought more attention to South Korean's anger over a territorial dispute with Japan.

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North Korea also strongly criticized Japanese Foreign Minister Taro Kono. He recently suggested that Japan provide some financial support for inspection efforts related to North Korea's planned removal of nuclear weapons.

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Historic tensions, historic meetings

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Japan ruled the Korean Peninsula as a colony from 1910 to 1945. There has been a long history of bad feelings between the sides. Japan and North Korea have never had diplomatic relations.

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In addition, North Korea has demanded that Japan pay for damage caused during its colonial rule. North Korea's ruling party newspaper recently repeated the demand for a full apology and payments.

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North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has met with the leaders of China, South Korea and the United States. But, so far, he has not met with any Japanese leaders.

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Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is reportedly considering a meeting with Kim. However, Japan has kept firm in maintaining economic and political pressure on North Korea.

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The Japanese leader could meet Kim at a Russian development meeting in Vladivostok in September. That is where Kim is expected to meet with Russian President Vladimir Putin.

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Abe faced with hard choices

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Experts note that Abe's position is difficult.

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The Japanese public is fearful of North Korea. Japan remains concerned about the North's medium-distance missiles although North Korea has announced a freeze on missile launches.

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Also, Abe aims to solve a long dispute over the fate of more than 10 Japanese citizens taken by North Korean agents in the 1970s and 80s. Japan says North Korea has not been fully truthful about their fate or whether they are still alive.

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North Korea, however, has said that it has dealt with the issue.

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Possibly the biggest problem is North Korea's demand for payment related to Japanese colonial rule. Such payment could cost Japan billions of dollars.

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Japan says it paid North Korea many years ago. But, experts say, changing relations between North and South Korea and the U.S. could increase pressure on Japanese leaders to reconsider North Korea's demands.

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I'm Mario Ritter.

重点解析

1.so far 目前

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So far we have had ringing declarations, but only limited action.

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目前,我们已经发表了一些有力的声明,但只采取了有限的行动eQ09gqN#E*w!BT

2.dealt with 处理;应付

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They dealt with a slew of other issues.

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他们处理了大量的其他问题]U=s#FLb#ww[=(s_

3.aims to 旨在;致力于

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The Home Secretary aims to break the vicious circle between disadvantage and crime.

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内政大臣力图打破贫困和犯罪之间的恶性循环I~6D|R2![oLaU^

4.financial support 财政支持

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I need some financial support for this venture.

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我需要一些财务赞助来兴办这一企业FMaeub)*l2=u

5.As a result, the North has increased its criticism possibly in an effort to divide Japan from its allies.

As a result 结果

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As a result, the bad thing has been turned into a good one.

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结果坏事变成了好事s2inJIf(g2!pLZ5|

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As a result, industry was overmanned and pen-pushers were everywhere.

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结果是,企业人浮于事,到处都是耍笔杆子的人]OlP0&PvG7CLl|,1

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6.As a result, the North has increased its criticism possibly in an effort to divide Japan from its allies.

in an effort to 为了...

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Mass burials are now under way in an effort to ward off an outbreak of cholera.

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为防止霍乱爆发正在进行大规模掩埋AM7SXZSH!4;pO6+N

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He finally left home in an effort to counter the tyranny of arranged marriage in the old society.

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他弃家出走,是对旧社会婚姻压迫的反动g+%-[z8qagdsbW@!+Ff

参考译文

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朝鲜要求殖民赔偿 矛头直指日本

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在外交谈判期间,朝鲜官方媒体大大减少了对美国和韩国的批评q6je~-K[]PMqIbD+d。不过,朝鲜对另一个国家——日本的措辞日益尖锐8x7J-2)rbV4ZN_xe

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与韩国或美国相比,日本对朝鲜的态度相对强硬wx_AhMMvNP。因此,或许是为了分化日本与其盟友,朝鲜加大了批评力度%|05]wu*hjQ%d.]

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最近几天,朝鲜官方媒体谴责日本歧视庞大的朝鲜族群#;D%*d5)r!]Yz。这也让人们更加关注韩国对与日本领土争端的怒火|P[54i#Qc!76I7lX

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朝鲜还强烈批评日本外相河野太郎(Taro Kono)66iU#sD,n,Fl58Lh。近日,他建议日本为有关朝鲜拆除核武器的视察工作提供一些财政支持g|_y1@~P1qq0YhnQ8*^

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历史性紧张局势,历史性会议

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朝鲜要求殖民赔偿 矛头直指日本.jpg

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1910年到1945年,日本在朝鲜半岛实施殖民统治jPMgLbZGO=g;Rht3PZTf。双方积怨已久Px|#7D41~ro5dzdWd0d。日本与朝鲜也从未建交C_kLcRBUZK!

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此外,朝鲜要求日本赔偿其殖民统治期间造成的损失v*OJhU*oTrQm+jms)~6^。最近,朝鲜执政党党报重申了要求日本全面道歉和赔偿的诉求DJS(Xb9kgi+Z

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朝鲜领导人金正恩(Kim Jong Un)先后与中、韩、美三国领导人举行会晤g4%Pe]8L,m4[a_。然而截至目前,他尚未与任何日本领导人会面XnJCgk4jfKV3J

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报道称,日本首相安倍晋三(Shinzo Abe)正在考虑与金正恩会面+Uv@eqdS0nEpr-x[dtX;。然而,日本还一直坚定地支持对朝鲜的经济和政治压力*Flj|ljiaY(A

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安倍晋三可能将在9月海参崴举行的俄罗斯发展会议上与金正恩举行会晤_H^ErDWpdQRl.isP0lVk。预计,届时金正恩将与俄罗斯总统普京会面1fA[Uo)1vv

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安倍的两难抉择

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专家指出,安倍的立场十分尴尬PNUrps#2o3

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日本公众畏惧朝鲜1.u6H-sN%DCj|。虽然朝鲜宣布冻结导弹发射,但日本民众仍然担忧朝鲜的中程导弹DC)@F6h]gAdzD+2p

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此外,安倍意欲解决有关20世纪七八十年代遭朝鲜特工绑架的10多名日本公民命运的长期争议py]4rk*AI.^c0DMh。日本表示,朝鲜对人质的命运或者生死并未完全据实相告1SZhPXJQKfR4

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然而,朝鲜表示已经解决了这一问题isK2uIL~g#4F97.&@

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或许,目前最大的问题是朝鲜要求日本就殖民统治进行赔偿)Cvb=0!+XwkdEn~。这一赔偿可能会让日本损失数十亿美元[QjSP^;UFvK^yKU

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日本表示,多年前就已经赔偿了朝鲜WV^l%quN8%。但是专家表示,朝、韩、美之间的关系改善可能会加大日本领导人的压力,即重新考虑朝鲜的要求*6Wmp;tBYY;%zl

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • fearfuladj. 担心的,可怕的
  • circlen. 圈子,圆周,循环 v. 环绕,盘旋,包围
  • reconsiderv. 重新考虑,再斟酌
  • wardn. 守卫,监护,受监护人,病房,行政区 vt. 守护,
  • slewn. 沼地,极多,回转 n. 大量,许多 v. 使转,扭
  • issuen. 发行物,期刊号,争论点 vi. & vt 发行,流
  • countern. 计算器,计算者,柜台 [计算机] 计数器 adj.
  • tyrannyn. 暴政,苛政,专制
  • discriminatingadj. 有辨别能力的,有区别的 动词discrimin
  • paymentn. 支付,付款,报偿,报应