VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国海军:放宽对女兵发型限制
日期:2018-07-18 13:40

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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US Navy Gives Women Permission to Let their Hair Down

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The United States Navy is giving female service members more choices with the shape and look of their hair.

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The Navy has approved changes to let servicewomen wear a ponytail or have other hairstyles. The new rules – announced during a Facebook Live event – went into effect on Wednesday.

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The Navy has long barred females from letting their hair down, including tying long hair in a ponytail.

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Chief of Naval Operations Admiral John Richardson said the changes aim to make the Navy a more "inclusive team."

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The new rules came about after several servicewomen suggested changes to the hairstyle policy.

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A group of Navy women was asked to consider different proposals, some of which were eventually approved by military officials.

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Captain Thurraya Kent was a member of this working group. She said they supported an expansion of approved hairstyles to make it easier for women to carry out their duties. It would also prevent the need for women to keep processing their hair with chemicals.

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Female service members will also now be permitted to wear what the Navy describes as lock hairstyles -- pieces of hair that are tightly pulled into rope-like strands.

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Kent has served in the Navy for nearly 26 years. She noted that her hair has been an issue throughout her military service. Kent told the Associated Press that she spent a lot of time deciding how to wear it when deployed. She said it could also be a problem trying to make sure she did not violate policies after doing an exercise or other non-work-related activities.

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Kent said she was pleased that Navy leaders listened to the suggestions and tried to understand the needs of female sailors.

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At the U.S. Naval War College in Rhode Island, some women said they looked forward to moving away from a bun hairstyle, which is sometimes too large for a helmet.

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Legalman First Class Tamatha Schulmerich told the Associated Press she has been forced to keep her hair in a bun because it goes down to her lower back. She said it was especially difficult when she had to wear a flight helmet.

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Lieutenant Commander Jess Cameron said that while the hairstyle changes might seem like a small thing, she thinks they send a larger message.

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"I think it's a step forward," she told the AP. "They're getting more female feedback in the service, and updating what I think are somewhat antiquated guidelines that maybe no longer serve their purpose in today's society, today's military," she said.

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Navy officials say hairstyle rules are important for safety reasons and to make sure all service members present the same look. Even though the new rules permit a ponytail most of the time, the hairstyle will still be banned when women are working around heavy machinery.

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I'm Bryan Lynn.

重点解析

1.make sure 确信

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Make sure you are strapped in very well, or else you will fall out.

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一定要系好安全带,否则会摔出去MS#~[Xw[fX&zbkO)

2.pulled into 拉成(形状);进站(车)

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As we pulled into the driveway, she let us have it.

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等我们快到私人车道时,她终于发话了8p_qgMPA|#]

3.heavy machinery 重型机械

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The heavy machinery, imported from England, had to be hauled over the mountains in ox carts.

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那时从英国进口的重型机械,只能用牛车装载运过高山Ve^cAi!kNf;|~w!Yig

4.carry out 实施

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I myself will firmly carry out this plan.

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我本人将坚决执行这个计划=BlFBa9,f%Oy50ib*sT

5.The new rules – announced during a Facebook Live event – went into effect on Wednesday.

went into effect 生效;实施

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The act was passed by Congress and went into effect in july, 1980.

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这项法令由国会通过,于1980年7月生效Op6j1G2vlsU97zwH

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This year a new media law went into effect in China.

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今年,中国颁布了一项新的法律YZF%~-3xl4i;!

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6."I think it's a step forward," she told the AP.

step forward 向前进

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When one is in difficulty, all step forward to help.

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一人有难,众人相助ACP[qOBEcm0

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In this land of mythic tales, it's time for some new heroes to step forward.

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在这片孕育过希腊神话的土地上,新一代英雄走上前台的时候已经到了H4%IY|BzRlg*Ow!.mf=

参考译文

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美国海军:放宽对女兵发型限制

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美国海军为女性服役人员的发型提供了更多选择RgPRBA)j,moRL

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海军已经批准了一些改革,允许女性服役人员蓄马尾辫或其它发型fg=73mu_nb0BKK1N^y。在一次Facebook直播活动中,海军宣布了这些新规,新规已于周三正式生效9UJrI%v&T-ajz=E

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长期以来,海军禁止女性放下头发,禁止将长发扎成马尾辫FzFdG;kF=&ATWeGuvz+i

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海军作战部长约翰·理查森(John Richardson)上将表示,这些改革旨在让海军成为一支“更具包容性的队伍”8SU~vJ4(iiV(=K

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美国海军在数位女兵提出修改发型政策的建议后出台了这些新规m=k!a4B5xI

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一群海军女兵被要求提出不同建议,其中一些提议最终得到军方官员的批准Oc#j-[rEK~j

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美国海军:放宽对女兵发型限制.jpg

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肯特(Thurraya Kent)上尉是该工作组的成员之一28|&2Xb,LYY)|。她说,她们支持放宽发型的规定,这样便于女性履职|KB.kVSy;b~。它还可以避免让女性使用化学品打理头发-|F!x.ZS(A*K*

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女兵如今也被允许梳海军所说的“脏辫”——将头发一绺绺地编成绳状(-PH90P_Yhx3=0A

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肯特在海军服役了近26年Kn6~L*7mtDy%b~。她指出,在整个服役期间,打理头发对她而言一直是个问题1DhTmp|s@mc]。肯特告诉美联社,她在部署时需要花很长时间决定如何梳理头发=6,7Y.To[[V4D)-t]M。她说,在锻炼或其它与工作无关的活动后,时刻确保自己没有违反政策也是个问题FOyX%VMZQ|uu6d1P

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肯特说,她很高兴海军长官们听取了这些建议,并试图理解女兵的需求f+GNLY2pnLz

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在罗德岛的美国海军战争学院,一些女性表示,她们希望摆脱发髻,这种发型有时盘起来过大,戴不上头盔bj~g=XyEz#T

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一级法务舒曼里奇(Tamatha Schulmerich)告诉美联社,因为长发及腰,她不得不将头发盘成发髻j!o=aKV.u|。她说,当必须戴上飞行头盔时会异常困难u^c5nDX!-+#

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海军少校杰西·卡梅伦(Jess Cameron)表示,虽然发型改革措施可能看似“不起眼”,但是她觉得这传递出更庞大的信息AS~ctTlr*8X_+yp^

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她对美联社表示:“我认为这是军方的进步lAX=^!0mo*L8pmyXGJa8。他们接纳军中更多女兵的意见,然后更改一些我觉得已经过时的指导方针Na)2|ggQU[St7Cr#b。这些指导方针在现代社会和当今军队环境下已无法满足军方的目的”#F_kSAKWW#Gp1Pq^j3

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海军官员表示,之前的发型规定是考虑到女兵安全,并且确保所有士兵都是统一的着装规范;Uw45&V1hh2Y+Exl。尽管新规允许女兵大多数时间蓄马尾,但是当女性进行重型机械作业时,这种发型仍被禁止uAEphoDA8)^vcWo@[vR!

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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