日期:2018-07-11 15:30





This is Mary Tillotson. And this is Steve Ember with the VOA Special English program PEOPLE IN AMERICA. Today, we tell about the much-loved performer Lucille Ball. Her famous television series “I Love Lucy” was first broadcast in nineteen fifty-one. The “I Love Lucy” show was a huge success. It was the most popular television show of the nineteen fifties. The kind of television program Ms. Ball helped develop is called a situation comedy. Some television experts give her credit for inventing this kind of series. Today, some of the most popular television programs in America are situation comedies.


One reason for the great popularity of “I Love Lucy” may have been its real-life connection with Ms. Ball’s family. On the show, she was Lucy, the wife of Ricky Ricardo, a Cuban musician. Ricky was played by band leader Desi Arnaz, who was Lucille Ball’s husband in real life. The show combined issues common to the life of married people living in the city with musical performances and comic theater. Often, a show would include a part with Mister Arnaz acting seriously while Ms. Ball added a funny element. In the following piece, Mister Arnaz tries to sing normally and Ms. Ball adds the comedy. Also on the “I Love Lucy” show were Vivian Vance and William Frawley. Ms. Vance played Ethel Mertz and Mister Frawley played Ethel’s husband, Fred Mertz. On the show, the Mertzes were friends of the Ricardos and owned the building in which they all lived. Fred Mertz loved baseball, which was America’s most popular sport at the time. “I Love Lucy” often showed Fred Mertz intensely watching baseball or some other sport like boxing while Ethel added her own funny comments.
A well-known story about the “I Love Lucy Show” concerns the birth of the Arnaz’s son, Desi Junior. Officials of the broadcasting company wondered what to do when Ms. Ball became pregnant in nineteen fifty-two. Ms. Ball explains that her husband, Desi, came up with a solution. Ms. Ball’s pregnancy was made part of the show. In fact, critics say the show in which Lucy Ricardo tells Ricky that she is pregnant is one of the best. In it, Lucy goes to the entertainment place where Ricky’s band is playing to tell him that they are going to have a baby. Ricky suddenly understands that he is going to be a father after Lucy secretly requests the song, “We’re Having a Baby.” Ms. Ball gave birth to her second child on the same day that Lucy Ricardo gave birth. In fact, Desi Junior’s birth date was planned to happen on the same day as the broadcast. The show in which Lucy gave birth was one of the most popular television programs ever broadcast in America. In fact, the story is that Desi Junior’s birth replaced reports about Dwight Eisenhower’s first presidential ceremony on the front pages of America’s newspapers.




The success of the “I Love Lucy” show did not come early in Lucille Ball’s life, or easily. Instead, it was the result of years of hard work. Ms. Ball was born near Jamestown, New York, in nineteen eleven. She tried to get into show business at an early age. Early on, she went to the same acting school as the famous actress Bette Davis. However, she left when she was told that she did not have enough acting ability. In the early nineteen thirties, she moved to Hollywood. She appeared in a number of movies, but was not well known.


In nineteen forty, she met the leader of a musical group who had been born in Cuba. His full name was Desiderio Alberto Arnaz de Acha the Third. They worked together in a movie and married soon after they met. For the next ten years, she appeared in movies and on radio. He traveled a lot with his band. In nineteen fifty, the broadcasting company, CBS, decided to make a television program based on the radio show, “My Favorite Husband.” Lucille Ball was the star of the radio show. She wanted Mister Arnaz to play the part of her husband on the television show. CBS rejected the idea. But she refused to give up. She and Desi traveled around the country performing in a show together to prove that they would do well on television. Their show was a success. CBS offered them both jobs. Ms. Ball had another demand. She wanted her show to be a production of the best quality. Early television pictures were not of good quality. Ms. Ball wanted her program to be filmed, which would improve the picture, and then broadcast later. Yet she wanted people to watch the program as it was being filmed so the sound of their reactions could be captured.


Ms. Ball also wanted to film the shows in Hollywood. CBS did not want the extra costs. So, Ms. Ball and Mister Arnaz agreed to work for less pay. In exchange, CBS let them own the program. That agreement made them owners of what would become one of the most successful programs on television. During the fifties, Ms. Ball won almost every honor there was for television actors including several Emmy Awards. Yet, even the most popular performers could not escape the political realities of the time. Conservative lawmakers accused Lucille Ball of being a communist. The Federal Bureau of Investigation kept a secret record of information about her, just as it did about many Hollywood actors at the time. Mister Arnaz supervised their company, Desilu Productions. The company produced sixteen different television programs and ran three production centers, called studios. In nineteen sixty, Lucille Ball and Mister Arnaz legally ended their marriage. Mister Arnaz sold his part of the company to his ex-wife. Ms. Ball became the first woman to head a major production company. It was one of the biggest in Hollywood.


Ms. Ball also was the star of several other shows of her own. “The Lucy Show” was broadcast from nineteen sixty-two to nineteen sixty-eight. “Here’s Lucy” followed until nineteen seventy-four. Ms. Ball later sold her production company to Paramount Studios. “I Love Lucy” showed Ms. Ball at her best. Mister Arnaz added something that was unusual for American television at the time. Many of the songs on the show were in Spanish. One song, “Babalu,” is popularly connected with “I Love Lucy”. Its words are Spanish and its sound is Latin American. It is this mixture along with the excellent performances that made the show special. Ms. Ball died in nineteen eighty-nine after a heart operation. Yet, she still makes people laugh. Her programs are rebroadcast on television and there are hundreds of Internet sites about her. After all these years, everyone still loves Lucy.




1.real-life 现实的;实在的


Daydreams may seem to be rehearsals for real-life situations.


2.intensely 强烈地;紧张地;热情地


The fast-food business is intensely competitive.


3.front page 头版;标题版


Her photograph appeared on the front page of The New York Times.


4.Some television experts give her credit for inventing this kind of series.


give credit for 给予...赞扬


We have to give Tim credit for that.


5.Ms. Ball gave birth to her second child on the same day that Lucy Ricardo gave birth.


give birth to 产生,造成;生孩子

I intend to master and give birth to a unity based life in this lifetime.


6.Mister Arnaz supervised their company, Desilu Productions.


supervise 监督,管理;指导


She supervised the children playing near the pool.




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《我爱露西》的成功并不是在露西尔·鲍尔演艺生涯的早期,其成功也是来之不易+C6m4!hmMW8zm#GHnrQV。相反,这是多年努力的结果cOZc-2#_h%YY。1911年,鲍尔出生于纽约詹姆斯敦^Rp@UCXv2i,+*bZ*e^2。小时候她就想进入娱乐界L[lrZd=i&5RsM。早期,她和著名女演员贝蒂·戴维斯念同一所表演学校|vfhtiF0442Rgp=^x.~O。但是,当她被告知自己没有足够的演绎能力后,她离开了T(#-7q8hARM%vImvZlk。1930年代早期,她搬到好莱坞==OgutYDmvIk-。她出演了一些电影,但并不出名=Am3Y,!Hlg,t8~vl+。1940年,她遇到了古巴出生的音乐团体主唱&mmpH8#*Iy。他的全名是Desiderio Alberto Arnaz de Acha the Third2;)|NUIKH%4Z1^1~BB!N。他们共同出演电影,他们相遇后不久就结婚了oDFci9uPQS~M。接下来的十年中,她出演电影,而他和乐队到处演出nv5Qf~E-o,Q+S3Df。1950年,广播公司CBS决定制作一档基于广播节目《我最喜爱的丈夫》的电视节目[fr#*s@P.H#SH。露西尔·鲍尔是广播节目的明星zc_.^0hHAT73Xno。她希望阿南兹在电视剧中出演她的丈夫Z#I=ukDKCgqXP!Foa+u。CBS拒绝了这个想法,但是她没有放弃sizpG&nS5MP。她和德西去往各地共同演出以证明他们能够演好电视剧dkF=hPlHxPg,g9KLe。他们的演出取得了成功@UZhNKmW3Hd9Z。CBS给他们两人提供了工作w8*g8GV=T;。鲍尔小姐提出了另一个要求,她希望这部剧拥有最好的品质H|Il=,ApC=HJ3XK[d。早期电视的画面质量都不太好92.n,%kPn;MhO!gY#。鲍尔小姐希望拍摄她的节目,这样能提高画面质量,然后才能播放3(IkZlB!E~(LPYSC#P。她希望大家能去现场观看他们的录制,这样观众们的反应就能被捕捉到节目中@e(6)l_h+o^q3I2i7wA




  • baseballn. 棒球
  • popularityn. 普及,流行,名望,受欢迎
  • paramountadj. 极为重要的,至高无上的 n. 最高统治者 Pa
  • conservativeadj. 保守的,守旧的 n. 保守派(党), 保守的人
  • entertainmentn. 娱乐
  • unusualadj. 不平常的,异常的
  • bandn. 带,箍,波段 n. 队,一群,乐队 v. 绑扎 v
  • supervisevt. 监督,管理,指导
  • popularadj. 流行的,大众的,通俗的,受欢迎的
  • intendvt. 想要,计划,打算,意指