VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):全球哪个国家(地区)最安全?
日期:2018-07-06 10:41

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Where in the World Do People Feel Safest?

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A new study takes a look at people's ratings of the safest and most dangerous places in the world.

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The American research company Gallup asked people to tell about their experiences with crime and law enforcement. Gallup says its researchers carried out the study last year in a total of 142 countries and areas.

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The researchers met with the individuals in person or spoke with them by telephone. People were asked these brief questions:

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In the city or area where you live, do you have confidence in the local police force?

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Do you feel safe walking alone at night in the city or area where you live?

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Within the past 12 months, have you had money or property stolen from you or another household member?

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Within the past 12 months, have you been assaulted or mugged?

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The findings were published in Gallup's 2018 Law and Order Index report.

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‘Law and Order' scores

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Singapore received the top rating in the study – 97 out of a possible 100. In this Southeast Asian nation, 94 percent of people questioned in 2017 said they felt safe walking alone in their neighborhood at night.

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Three northern European countries – Norway, Iceland and Finland - were in a tie for second place. Each received a rating of 93. Results showed 93 percent of Norwegians reported feeling safe walking around alone at night.

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The Central Asian nation of Uzbekistan received the same rating as Hong Kong. They each had a score of 91. Switzerland and Canada tied at 90, while Indonesia received 89.

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Seven nations were next on the list with scores of 88. The seven were Denmark, Slovenia, Luxembourg, Austria, China, the Netherlands and Egypt.

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The United States received a rating of 84. That was the same score as the Czech Republic, Sweden, France and Taiwan.

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At the bottom of the list was Venezuela, with a score of 44. The study noted that only 17 percent of the Venezuelans questioned said they felt safe walking alone at night. This was up from 12 percent in 2016.

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Afghanistan scored next lowest with 45. Just 20 percent of Afghans said they felt safe walking around alone at night. This was a drop from the 36 percent reported in 2016. In addition, the study found that Afghans' trust in local police fell from 68 percent in 2016, to 31 percent last year.

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Among the 10 countries where the least people said they felt safe walking alone at night, five were in Latin America. Four others were in African countries south of the Sahara Desert.

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South Sudan came in third from the bottom with a score of 54. Gabon was next (55), followed by Liberia (56), South Africa (58), Mexico (58) and the Dominican Republic (60).

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When it comes to where people have the greatest trust in their local police, the United States and Canada topped the list with a score of 82. Western Europe and Southeast Asia followed close behind, followed by South Asia, East Asia and Eastern Europe.

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I'm Bryan Lynn.

重点解析

1.carried out 实施

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Forensic experts carried out a painstaking search of the debris.

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法医专家对残骸进行了极其仔细的搜索,5;f]zdN^zL

2.law enforcement 执法

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Both sides will strengthen cooperation in judicial and law enforcement.

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双方将加强司法和执法领域的合作8GgJ-|SZF|~jDbuL

3.a total of 总数为...

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The companies have a total of 1,776 employees.

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这些公司总计有1,776名员工[fPY1p,9|j3-

4.walking around 四处走动

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He was walking around with a sad face.

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他四处走着,神色哀伤q%s7b|[o]Qaa

5.When it comes to where people have the greatest trust in their local police, the United States and Canada topped the list with a score of 82.

When it comes to 谈到;提及

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When it comes to photography, I'm not an adept.

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要说照相,我不是内行.l_c@E(U_vrBz

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They are inexperienced when it comes to decorating.

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说到装修,他们就没有什么经验了-K!V6V%z4pp

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6.A new study takes a look at people's ratings of the safest and most dangerous places in the world.

takes a look at 查看;检查

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Let's take a look at some of the figures involved.

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让我们看一下涉及的一些数字FcR~fAmX#,NS8E45%w*e

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In case you think I was incautious, take a look at the map.

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如果你认为我不够仔细,就自己看看地图Aldct[N##SfB.u_(k

参考译文

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全球哪个国家(地区)最安全?

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一项新研究考察了人们对全球最安全以及最危险地方的评级tRN7W(37*C

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美国盖洛普调查公司要求受访者讲述他们关于犯罪和执法方面的经历66r%+k,8)LGq。盖洛普表示,他们的研究人员去年在142个国家和地区开展了这项调查Urb[EPFbHL[

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研究人员与他们面对面或电话交谈6hq9WPsD)Yki~o(dBdl。受访者需要回答以下这些简短问题:

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1. 你对所居住城市或地区的当地警察有信心吗?

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2. 在你所居住的城市或地区夜间独行,是否感到安全?

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3. 过去一年里,你或你的亲属是否有过财物被盗的经历?

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4. 过去一年里,你是否有过被殴打或抢劫的经历?

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全球哪个国家(地区)最安全?.jpg

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调查结果发表在盖洛普公司《2018年法律与秩序指数》的报告中sNB(&!OTG.(7G29lJ

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法律和秩序评分

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新加坡在满分为100分的调查中获得最高分97分8,aL.UBe!SWDRP11;AT。在这个东南亚国家中,2017年,94%的受访者表示,他们觉得夜间在社区周边独行很安全TQGMWyl_XUda9

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挪威、冰岛和芬兰3个北欧国家以93分并列第二位!p,&;+9&n;。调查结果显示,93%的挪威人觉得在夜间独行是安全的4xL(tcix6Or#

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中亚国家乌兹别克斯坦的排名与中国香港地区相同,均获得91分-lhLhGcKbcZ。瑞士和加拿大获得90分,印尼获得89分*clQD-jbhMC*

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紧随其后的7个国家获得了88分,g5%BO*HojbqFb0,0G。他们分别是丹麦、斯洛文尼亚、卢森堡、奥地利、中国、荷兰和埃及HZ&N3C@d=SoRJ49

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美国获得了84分2F^;E,cP1%bVB.dnx。同分的还包括捷克共和国、瑞士、法国以及中国台湾地区K~5zEu9Q,8#L%f5ojjQ

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该名单垫底的国家是委内瑞拉,只获得了44分-pRzv[9thg。该调查指出,只有17%受访的委内瑞拉人表示,在夜间独行是安全的,较2016年的12%略有上升3sT8BU42Tq.nJVRO_

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阿富汗以45分排在倒数第二1i7iFNTm!]L(|Q]hB6;。20%的阿富汗人认为,夜间独行是安全的,较2016年的36%略有下降H.gpVfXZptXXb。此外,这项调查还发现,阿富汗人对当地警察的信任度从2016年的68%跌至去年的31%rrI88q,i!=mkFwYtf8d

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在认为夜间独行安全人数最少的10个国家中,有5个位于拉丁美洲,4个是位于撒哈拉沙漠以南的非洲国家+4a6OSy@wg4T

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南苏丹以54分排名倒数第三,加蓬以55分排在倒数第四,接下来是利比里亚(56分),南非(58分),墨西哥(58分)以及多米尼加共和国(60分)i^iJjS&)|+IdiTV8htW&

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当谈到人们最信任的当地警察时,美国和加拿大以82分的成绩并列第一,西欧和东南亚紧随其后,其次是南亚、东亚和东欧T]H~js(WQ5!FW5e[G-

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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