VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):是赚是赔?俄罗斯世界杯耗资150亿美元
日期:2018-06-25 11:45

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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What Will Russia’s $15 Billion Investment in the World Cup Buy?

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The FIFA World Cup soccer championship in Russia is the most costly ever held.

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Officials say the total cost will be $15 billion.

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Close to $3 billion has been spent on 12 new or improved stadiums. At least $8 billion has been spent on infrastructure, including new roads, railroads and airports.

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Now, experts question whether there will be a good return for the Russian taxpayer.

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Professor Leonid Grigoryev is an economist at the Analytical Center for the Government of the Russian Federation. He offers an unusual answer. He compares the World Cup to a wedding dress.

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"On one hand, it's necessary. It makes everybody happy," Grigoryev told VOA. "The exact economic efficiency definitely cannot be defined in American quarterly financial reports. It's a long-term story. We still hope to become not only a hockey country, but a football country."

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Brazil held the last World Cup in 2014 at an estimated cost of $11 billion. Four years later, the difference is clear to Brazilian football fans in Moscow.

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"Comparing Brazil with Russia, the infrastructure here is much better than ours," Marcio Pessoa told VOA, as he walked through Red Square.

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Russia's $15 billion investment is aimed at improving the country's image, even as it faces sanctions. International restrictions were put in place over Russia's activities in Ukraine and the annexation of Crimea in 2014.

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," said Oreshkin.

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The first to feel the financial difficulty are likely to be the middle-aged people looking forward to retirement.

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On opening day of the World Cup last week, the government announced an increase in the pension age, from 60 to 65 for men, and a much bigger jump for women, from 55 to 63.

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Eva lives in Moscow. The 62-year-old told VOA that most Russians were not surprised.

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She said she believed that officials thought that the championship would ease the effect of the news.

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Eva described a joke that people were telling about the increase in the retirement ago.

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"‘Yesterday, I had four years until pension age. Today, I have nine years. And they still keep telling us that you can't get your youth back!'" she said.

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Russia said the World Cup is partly a gift for its young people. There is talk of unforgettable memories and new buildings. The World Cup ends on July 15, but its value will be measured in the coming years.

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I'm Susan Shand.

重点解析

1.wedding dress 婚纱

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The bride is wearing a wedding dress made of lace.

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新娘穿一件以花边做成的婚纱|Kx&v[MAGc;2&V.JOn

2.the World Cup 世界杯

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Poland know they have a chance of qualifying for the World Cup Finals.

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波兰队知道他们有机会获得参加世界杯决赛的资格&cY_Zqgx;jF9RZN0kNqd

3.walked through 穿过

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They walked through thick forest.

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他们徒步穿越了茂密的森林6N!NVqime(K2

4.put in place 落实到位

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They're offended by the elaborate security measures the police have put in place.

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他们被警方部署的繁复安全措施惹怒了RG;)@DWZ#BM&|hy&,tr

5."On one hand, it's necessary. It makes everybody happy," Grigoryev told VOA.

On one hand 一方面

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On one hand, this is all good news, because it means job security for yours truly.

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一方面,这是好消息,因为这意味着工作安全性KW~_V~p;4q

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On one hand, I'm inheriting a new son-in-law.

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一方面,我现在有了一个女婿TAAMk#KF#A,wc8M+KS

6.The first to feel the financial difficulty are likely to be the middle-aged people looking forward to retirement.

looking forward to 期待;盼望

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The day we have been looking forward to has come at long last.

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这个日子好不容易盼到了EI.cRk!5NG

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He was looking forward to working with the new Prime Minister.

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他期待着与新首相共事q51x;;O;ZxCv7b@,

参考译文

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是赚是赔?俄罗斯世界杯耗资150亿美元

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俄罗斯举行的国际足联世界杯足球赛成为史上最昂贵的一届b-f]V%w)gbFBpDR

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官员表示,总成本将高达150亿美元R@]oZpICkH

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其中约30亿美元用于12座新建或改建的体育场馆4b,dZgWyRik#3cS[。至少80亿美元用于基础设施建设,包括新建公路、铁路和机场-U9C0PoI(&rQ

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现在,专家们质疑俄罗斯纳税公民能否获得可观的回报v881bSs6um&RAYh1

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教授列奥尼德·格里戈耶夫(Leonid Grigoryev)是俄罗斯联邦政府分析中心的经济学家|Hi0j^Z^2XE#QH=9。他给出了一个不同寻常的答案sS%7^z3S-#8qx3i~zi]]。他将世界杯比作婚纱RpE~a3r^vye&mWG9#yI

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是赚是赔?俄罗斯世界杯耗资150亿美元.jpg

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格里戈耶夫告诉美国之音:“一方面,世界杯是必要的,它能让所有人兴奋%7c2pWx+kqBRY。当然,其确切的经济效益是美国式季度财务报告无法统计出来的hDID@Q]V-CoWNGA.+。这场赛事的影响长远7zw*TY1(]*%@。我们仍然希望成为一个冰球国度,也想成为一个足球国度cTO!j+Bi1s9C*H@y%。”

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上届世界杯由巴西在2014年举办,预计耗资110亿美元+ntX7!SW557ye&Sy%c。4年后,身处莫斯科的巴西球迷明显感受到了这一差异eh).LC&n.5LNiAyg

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马西奥·佩索(Marcio Pessoa)在穿过红场时对美国之音表示:“与巴西相比,俄罗斯的基础设施建设确实比我们强多了t.FXf)ZjcI!1O。”

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俄罗斯150亿美元的投资旨在改善该国形象,尽管该国如今正面临制裁,Igc4*iTuj)H~。俄罗斯因在乌克兰的活动以及2014年接管克里米亚受到国际制裁^XA1TI=j[%%!C

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德米特里·奥列什金(Dmitry Oreshkin)是一位政治专家U3C7=Fcbct_LN2dTra。他说,俄罗斯总统普京试图弱化这些制裁对治国的影响力W~,DvqFPNp6mqnbZTkag。“‘即便面临制裁,我们还是举办了如此精彩的世界杯,w1zOPpg2(Pi;7NlP。即便面临制裁,我们还是继续支援叙利亚战争&iDRbZ8,WI!,)E*k(tj。’直到某一时刻他们开始感觉到,所有这些愉悦他们都要付出代价66eTNq2QlYED*.XS1zok。”

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首先感到财务危机的可能是期望退休的中年人xLca_YjZ#xjM2^!

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上周的世界杯开幕当天,俄罗斯政府宣布提高退休年龄,男性从60岁提高至65岁,女性从55岁提高至63岁x6G09j^(CJVmDYS

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伊娃现居于莫斯科o)mnelW)BmCCM。62岁的她告诉美国之音,大多数俄罗斯人并不感到惊讶w@0uaiB%i4FU+V&+

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她说,她觉得官员们认为世界杯会弱化这一新闻的影响力|E.IanX7oq84T8_%,vvw

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伊娃讲述了一则人们调侃提高退休年龄的笑话U&8xi,3Df,

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她说:“‘昨天,我还剩4年就可以退休AMDO#.6Z3U。今天,我还得等9年才能退休+NMSrwAU!wAL*。而他们还一直对我们说,青春一去不复返4zjf1~JHz.Z)([d=7CL。"

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俄罗斯表示,某种程度上看,世界杯是给年轻人的礼物,Gnm#6mNf;。他们收获了难忘的回忆以及新的基础设施wShn*KVB-dvTqgz%[tu4。世界杯将于7月15日落幕,不过它的价值将在未来几年体现出来_~3@hwyp0M;P

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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