VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):垄断互联网!美国废除"网络中立"
日期:2018-06-13 17:30

(单词翻译:单击)

h1Pm^4z!FLMg)Au,y2]1|mjTTt2mm1

听力文本

l]Jj@sK]q7y.RH3Rm]8w

31JgR=oHB31c

mSJKp*4hq1Y7r#

Pk]DN-by9DP

US Ends ‘Net Neutrality’ Rules for Internet Service

#8u,S@83Ekb*Y2Q.7wf!

Internet users in the United States likely did not notice anything different this week when they were looking at websites.

ta*+OG;qqcJ,yJu9nngF

But some rules governing the internet changed a lot.

KNtVHX(Haxh]]hD#

Businesses that provide internet service are now permitted to block, slow down, or speed up access to some web sites. They may also require companies, such as YouTube or Amazon, to pay to show users their videos, stories, or pictures faster.

+vF3=|yQu&L2+kGBJH

The change marks the end of rules known as "net neutrality." Former U.S. President Barack Obama put the rules in place in 2015.

ub2iA%u.1y6t

In the term net neutrality, "net" is a short way of saying "internet." Under its rules, government regulations required internet service providers to treat websites and applications in the same way.

XcWA(=Qix@ba;QN

But earlier this year, government officials, supported by President Donald Trump, voted to end those rules. Their decision took effect on Monday.

vEb(vx8GakDme~qZm

Supporters of net neutrality argue that its regulations ensured everyone had equal ability to get information. The rules were largely popular with users – opinion studies showed that the American public approved of net neutrality by a big majority. Major internet companies such as Facebook and Alphabet, the company that owns Google, also support net neutrality.

nO)D@ArT9D3]

But opponents said the rules limited businesses' reasons to invest in and improve internet service.

PcnLYCh_k+A#N0

Major communications companies, including AT&T and Comcast, urged government officials to repeal net neutrality rules.

+m&ai^BrV;x,k=TG%ht

The chairman of the Federal Communications Commission – the federal agency in charge of America's communications law and regulations – agreed with them. Ajit Pai said last week that the repeal will ensure "better, faster, and cheaper Internet access and more broadband to the American people."

u!s*P5at6[!0Di8-f

A group representing major cable service companies and TV networks praised the new policy. They said that users in the U.S. will not see a change in their internet service—except that it "will keep getting better."

2Oz,o;2BxlP_[

However, activist groups and some public officials have promised to continue to fight for a return to the previous internet rules.

2~*3r_ba64OsG

I'm Kelly Jean Kelly.

重点解析

1.access to 接近;通向...的入口

bTDC&Rai4VH|P

.T1KQKY@noUV

Education now offers the lower classes access to job opportunities.

5;~V&C06Lb9a

教育如今为下层阶级提供了就业的门道qQzNS~c~@48Lo&7P|+,;

2.in charge of 负责;主管

b.GyPRb5AH42Rt]k.%M+

&*H,@M32]-;

Cy)PjD7oeT3erXq

He is in charge of the school work.

=|Sgs=W,2olEhdKo

他负责学校工作GLWvDm1]gl

3.approved of 赞成;同意

mtZ(Jq6gQG!JFNG

Tsopakg_cVDIPO

p^=1U9+U0WB%a

He approved of Roosevelt's civil service reforms.

Vah&5v6TEY

他批准了罗斯福的公务员改革gQ3=ZO_M!oI-bN3M-

4.put in place 落实到位

Y%^RmFS%BZsg;

Dfo%KDG@jla+tg5

b1n0jMia#~f]L0

They're offended by the elaborate security measures the police have put in place.

heDEPkm.G6d+

他们被警方部署的繁复安全措施惹怒了u|7.of~O|.^QzrcC)

5.Businesses that provide internet service are now permitted to block, slow down, or speed up access to some web sites.

slow down 降低;减缓

,N*prrXbvU

|RSXKCD-#]&1=-F(0h

jZ,z&nSIOC#Jm

He was still taking some medication which slowed him down.

H&y|RLKDg(k(PxOrV;Z0

他仍然在服用能够让他放松下来的药物7L@X^FVw,nEk

a+#)TcT-6tQdsmoU1J23

The road is slippery; you'd better slow down.

kBjG_z=2#ytze)0Eiwcw

路很滑,你最好减速]KsJ4sElQiL

6.Their decision took effect on Monday.

took effect 生效;见效

4U6|*4OKWZrW+KQKi#

u;Sr&8-MupW2

YPP!_7Lxw0-1w

The aspirins which the patient had taken soon took effect.

(J4Eg06fbmGqp

病人服用的阿司匹林药片很快就见效了EiEzO&1go9Bo*t^L*&Zj

8%Qg&+CW#6o3zoEb9g

Productivity is up by 11% since the new contract took effect.

1ZSer4ax5%P@iCEo

自从新合同生效起,生产效率提高了11%FDYgv+h^A(la%*j@,w

参考译文

|+#w[fFKW(K!nRz

~um.lQ.*0Q=o

~lQmvM0IIfnR

zkgctL17vVc~2H0IE9

垄断互联网!美国废除“网络中立”

Fb9ECO%g9N

本周,美国互联网用户在浏览网站时也许没有发现任何异常e(9CWDIa26

gEgHe3LY-PcXay_8

然而,一些互联网管理规定却有了“大动作”+Usim#U%&ZfA0

+[C+G~K^Zz

提供互联网服务的企业如今可以屏蔽、减慢或加速某些网站的速度5bP1G3|AR2G*fCdr)。他们还可能要求YouTube或亚马逊等公司付费,以便加快其网站上视频、新闻或图片的显示速度Vkt,g_jIllaF

p!qc(ZXmGI

这一变化标志着“网络中立”规定的终结4z0NK#6W6#NHh。美国前总统奥巴马(Barack Obama)在2015年制定了这一规定3V0JT2w,S.zQGIEaX;

yIp3.TEsWP!w*JGo

在“网络中立”一词中,“网络”是互联网的简称9L35sgA&hmE9Pd9A02hu。根据这一规定,政府法规要求互联网提供商公平对待各网站和应用程序ZF2deN(grY&]qXq&TY

3ftfstePQYT~N*dIt@j

美国废除“网络中立”.jpg

mWqXeE7v)8b

但今年早些时候,在特朗普总统的支持下,政府官员投票终止了这一规定GDp5vteeeLHSN。该决定将于周一正式生效19Z,q5F6N1kh

xdH4^Lm|88

“网络中立”的支持者认为,该规定确保了每个人拥有平等的获取信息的能力G8jKZ|V#+~Q0;5。该规定在很大程度上受到用户欢迎——据民意调查显示,绝大多数美国民众赞成“网络中立”a5lQe+;zz5uh|DpaQ。Facebook以及Goolge的母公司Alphabet公司也都支持“网络中立”0ensBAQ%SI

|^1vdAc!nB!8LE_

但是反对者称,这些规定导致企业在投资和提高互联网服务方面受限mU%7M(29B65O0lM

&#~1b@C%hn42fo%rCO

包括AT&T以及Comcast在内的主要通信公司敦促政府官员废除“网络中立”规定8(,;P3qW;KlD0cdz

MGv[yz!he-_i.Qk|)GEn

美国联邦通信委员会(负责美国通信法律法规的机构)主席Ajit Pai也赞成他们的提议TqrQN|lG=wz!&。上周,他表示,废除“网络中立”规定将会确保“为美国人民提供更好、更快、更便宜的互联网接入和宽带服务#ApV^jb22nHX&GA。”

+pm8I*plIzTv,n)Z9*H

一家代表主要有线电视服务公司和电视网络的组织称赞了这项新政策j1oU#%[KJRb。他们表示,美国用户不会感觉到互联网服务发生变化,只会“变得越来越好t()-0_~mGb。”

Kq6h_i22OAik4F

然而,活动家和一些公职人员承诺将力争恢复这项互联网规定d%~hAa.]E~hCxi1iGnh

Bv_y20Z&U6%A9Gl9]

凯莉·吉恩·凯莉为您播报U@BqfMT,Vn)-c8Pc5V~

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

aALuXc;53n8bFT

3kB!.pzq;cjbvd~0dUDanOG@Z%5W5l(6;FgQ
分享到