US Ends ‘Net Neutrality’ Rules for Internet Service
Internet users in the United States likely did not notice anything different this week when they were looking at websites.
But some rules governing the internet changed a lot.
Businesses that provide internet service are now permitted to block, slow down, or speed up access to some web sites. They may also require companies, such as YouTube or Amazon, to pay to show users their videos, stories, or pictures faster.
The change marks the end of rules known as "net neutrality." Former U.S. President Barack Obama put the rules in place in 2015.
In the term net neutrality, "net" is a short way of saying "internet." Under its rules, government regulations required internet service providers to treat websites and applications in the same way.
But earlier this year, government officials, supported by President Donald Trump, voted to end those rules. Their decision took effect on Monday.
Supporters of net neutrality argue that its regulations ensured everyone had equal ability to get information. The rules were largely popular with users – opinion studies showed that the American public approved of net neutrality by a big majority. Major internet companies such as Facebook and Alphabet, the company that owns Google, also support net neutrality.
But opponents said the rules limited businesses' reasons to invest in and improve internet service.
Major communications companies, including AT&T and Comcast, urged government officials to repeal net neutrality rules.
The chairman of the Federal Communications Commission – the federal agency in charge of America's communications law and regulations – agreed with them. Ajit Pai said last week that the repeal will ensure "better, faster, and cheaper Internet access and more broadband to the American people."
A group representing major cable service companies and TV networks praised the new policy. They said that users in the U.S. will not see a change in their internet service—except that it "will keep getting better."
However, activist groups and some public officials have promised to continue to fight for a return to the previous internet rules.
I'm Kelly Jean Kelly.
1.access to 接近；通向...的入口
Education now offers the lower classes access to job opportunities.
2.in charge of 负责；主管
He is in charge of the school work.
3.approved of 赞成；同意
He approved of Roosevelt's civil service reforms.
4.put in place 落实到位
They're offended by the elaborate security measures the police have put in place.
5.Businesses that provide internet service are now permitted to block, slow down, or speed up access to some web sites.
slow down 降低；减缓
He was still taking some medication which slowed him down.
The road is slippery; you'd better slow down.
6.Their decision took effect on Monday.
took effect 生效；见效
The aspirins which the patient had taken soon took effect.
Productivity is up by 11% since the new contract took effect.
这一变化标志着“网络中立”规定的终结。美国前总统奥巴马（Barack Obama）在2015年制定了这一规定 。
“网络中立”的支持者认为，该规定确保了每个人拥有平等的获取信息的能力。该规定在很大程度上受到用户欢迎——据民意调查显示，绝大多数美国民众赞成“网络中立” 。Facebook以及Goolge的母公司Alphabet公司也都支持“网络中立” 。
美国联邦通信委员会（负责美国通信法律法规的机构）主席Ajit Pai也赞成他们的提议。上周，他表示，废除“网络中立”规定将会确保“为美国人民提供更好、更快、更便宜的互联网接入和宽带服务 。”