VOA常速(翻译+字幕+讲解):中美贸易谈判无实质性进展
日期:2018-06-14 05:57

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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The United States and China have not settled their trade issues during talks that ended Sunday. A US team led by Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross and including senior officials from the Treasury and Agriculture Departments held comprehensive discussions with Chinese trade officials, in an effort to decrease Beijing’s trade surplus with the United States, which amounted to 375 billion dollars last year. China has agreed to buy more American goods but on condition that the United States does not impose any new tariffs or other restrictions on Chinese goods sold in the United States. If that happens, the basis of the consensus reached between China and the United States will no longer exist which will result in a nullification of the outcome of this round of consultations.

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There were no joint statements following the last round of talks led by Ross and Chinese Deputy Prime Minister Liu He here this weekend, but Beijing later issued a unilateral statement praising what it called good communication and positive attitudes on both sides. The statement says relevant details are yet to be confirmed by both sides but China’s attitude remains consistent, says Chinese economist Li Yong, and it includes expanding imports. It is very helpful to satisfy the Chinese people’s pursuit for good life and request for quality economic development by expanding imports including those from the United States.
The Trump administration has threatened to impose 25 percent tariffs on 50 billion dollars a year on Chinese technology related Goods and increased duties on up to 150 billion dollars of Chinese imports. China has vowed to retaliate by imposing duties on US goods such as soybeans, corn and other agricultural products. U.S. farmers are concerned. If there’s tariffs imposed, people think it’s just farmers that get hurt. It’s the entire community, the entire state, the entire Upper Midwest where agriculture is so important, because we’re not living alone out on the farm and not seeing anyone. We are connected economically.
But others say the US economy may benefit in the long run. In the long term, if you just have a long term perspective, this is a long term in history. I mean we think in terms of generations, we gonna be fine. The trade talks have also left two unresolved major issues, how the United States should deal with China’s state-imposed industrial policies and what the Trump administration should do about the Chinese telecommunications company ZTE, which had violated sanctions against North Korea and Iran.
Zlatica Hoke, VOA News, Washington

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VOA英文文本来自51VOA,译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载A|bUViZ;qLo+vFzYu-3

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重点解析

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... in an effort to decrease Beijing’s trade surplus with the United States, which amounted to 375 billion dollars last year.

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in an effort to 为了

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But in an effort to allay public fears on the urban campus, police have said the killing was not a "random act".
但是为了努力缓和公众对耶鲁大学的这一恐怖印象,警方表明,此事件绝非“随意行为”8h1F7w#MXZ^r

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amount to 总计为,达到

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The banks have what amounts to a monopoly.
这些银行几乎接近于垄断s8D6KsQ|V=yWe)|TM;&

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参考翻译

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在周日结束的会谈中,中美两国没有解决贸易问题w_~x51|[UgG&2H+tNq。由商务部长威尔伯 罗斯(Wilbur Ross)带队的美国代表团里也有来自财政部和农业部的数名高级官员JjF(wu.isG1pnL[Fc_。他们与中国贸易部的官员进行了全面性的对话,旨在减少中美贸易逆差Ja5dgHd0fg!OZ*。去年,中美贸易逆差已达3750亿美元d&),x79%c[kt。中方已同意进口更多的美国产品,但前提是美国停止对中国外销到美国的产品施加新的关税以及限制措施Ekt.EuwvSpZfK8。如果美国做不到这一点,那么中美达成的共识基础就不再存在,继而导致这一轮谈判无效mX2u%;Ff^I6q7%9Nh45
本周,在罗斯和中国副总理刘鹤的带领下已经进行了一轮会谈,虽然双方没有发布任何联合声明,但中方随后发布了一份单边声明,赞扬双方之间进行了友好的沟通,态度积极F+xGSW2HYpzYJjMr。这份声明中写道,相关细节还有待双方确认,但中方的态度是始终一贯的,中国经济学家李永表示,其中就包括扩大进口的态度+Kzcf!U9whA1|rJo1,G,。满足老百姓对美好生活的追求和对优质经济发展的要求,对于中国来说是大有裨益的,而这可以通过扩大从美国的进口量来实现]4xYK#%sJz*vjByad
特朗普政府已威胁表示,每年要对价值500亿美元的中国科技产品征收25%的关税,对中国出口到美国的产品征收高达1500亿美元的关税g=(q#Pl1v;U~B。中方已表态要采取报复性措施:对美国出口的产品施加关税,其中包括但不限于大豆、玉米等农产品MMFeWNNWm%l8Lm。美国农民对此十分担忧,MG.^h=V+wDz48_vtbo。如果中国施加这样的关税,很多人会认为,受影响的只有农民31.ODGvW@L。但其实是整个社群、整个国家乃至整个中西部地区,因为农业对于这些地方而言都十分重要,毕竟我们不只依靠农场生活,不是闭门造车^+^d!yup.lY。我们在经济上是紧密联系的!FN]gy12ETC7
但也有人认为,从长期来看,美国经济会因此而受益rE(tlaZ^R.5DcqT9O。这里说的“长期”是从历史长河角度来看的CuRM=E56ylJ6p+E~V。也就是说,从祖祖辈辈的角度看,对我们是有益的s3&IvT~XD;。贸易会谈还留下了两个尚未解决的重要问题:美国如何应对中国政府的国家产业政策;特朗普政府应怎样对待中兴(美国称,中兴违背了对朝鲜和伊朗的制裁措施)OC;|[%mJ2mK-iaQs
感谢收听霍克为您从华盛顿播报的VOA新闻Xreb).M#](MZ)9

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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