VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国青少年:Facebook不再是主流
日期:2018-06-11 13:49

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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U.S. Teens Dropping Facebook for YouTube, Instagram and Snapchat

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A new study has found that the number of American teenagers using Facebook is dropping. Many turn instead to YouTube, Instagram and Snapchat.

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The study by the U.S.-based Pew Research Center found that 51 percent of American teens between the ages of 13 to 17 said they currently use Facebook. This was a large drop from 2015, when 71 percent of teens in that age group reported using the social media service.

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The study found that YouTube is now the most popular internet service for teens, with 85 percent saying they currently use it. The second-most popular is Instagram, at 72 percent. Facebook owns Instagram.

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Sixty-nine percent of teens said they use Snapchat, while 32 percent use Twitter. Less than 10 percent reported using Tumblr or Reddit.

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In March, another Pew study found that 68 percent of adults said they were Facebook users. Of those, 74 percent said they used the social media service daily. About half of the adults reported using Facebook several times a day.

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Results of the latest study were based on interviews with 743 teens and more than 1,000 parents during March and April 2018.

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The study also found that 95 percent of teens reported they either owned a smartphone or had a way of using one. This marked a 22 percent increase over a similar study from 2015.

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When asked which services they use most often, 35 percent of teens identified Snapchat. About 32 percent said they use YouTube the most, while 15 percent said they use Instagram more than other services.

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The Pew study found that, in general, teens from different economic and racial backgrounds liked the same services.

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However, the researchers did find some differences.

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For example, about 70 percent of teens whose families earned less than $30,000 a year said they used Facebook. Among teens from families making over $75,000, just 36 percent of teens reported using it.

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There were also some differences among males and females. The study found that about 42 percent of girls said Snapchat was the service they used most, compared to 29 percent of boys. More males – 39 percent – said they used YouTube the most, compared to 25 percent of females.

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Pew's latest study also confirmed earlier research that a huge majority of teens like to spend time gaming. When asked whether they ever play video games -- either on a computer, a game machine or phone -- 90 percent answered yes.

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The marketing research company eMarketer noted in a report earlier this year that Facebook was losing younger users at a much faster rate than experts had predicted. The company's research showed that in 2018, less than half of U.S. internet users aged 12 to 17 used Facebook on any device at least once a month.

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eMarketer said that even younger users would be signing off Facebook in 2018. It predicted a 9 percent decrease in users aged 11 and younger. The company said Facebook can expect to lose up to 2 million users aged 24 and younger in 2018.

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The company also predicted about 1.6 million users 24 years and younger will be joining Facebook-owned Instagram in 2018. But another 1.9 million are expected to move over to Snapchat, the company said.

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I'm Bryan Lynn.

重点解析

1.social media 社交媒体

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We have all witnessed the power of social media.

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我们见证了社交媒体的实力c=JSw3._3#kE5@

2.at least 至少

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He's been away for at least a week.

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他走了总有一个星期吧EO.Ya_@JpOsNU=94];

3.sign off 停止活动

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I'm tired of the sound of your voice, sign off quickly.

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我讨厌听你的声音,快别讲了CrIU~ej86.Kt

4.move over 挪开

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Move over and let your grandmother sit down.

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挪开些,让你外婆坐下来%i+HMwr2wV-U.n

5.The study found that about 42 percent of girls said Snapchat was the service they used most, compared to 29 percent of boys.

compared to 与...相比

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Our work can be compared to a battle.

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我们的工作好比一场战斗IafcOEW*of=Ig5

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His progress at school had been unspectacular compared to his brother.

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和弟弟相比,他在学校里的进步很不起眼UQS4~-3M+#fLFXKDe#d,

6.The Pew study found that, in general, teens from different economic and racial backgrounds liked the same services.

in general 总之;通常

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I disagree with drug laws in general.

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总的来说,我反对药品法[VF,ELHvp|OZ!H(x

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She had a confused idea of life in general.

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总的来说,她对生活非常困惑T.q%lW)P[teJ+!uX

参考译文

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美国青少年:Facebook不再是主流

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一项新研究发现,美国青少年使用Facebook的人数正在减少ngj_N=Kt!i5^Y*@f[.;。许多人开始青睐YouTube、Instagram和Snapchat平台]=(*E]QknU7

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美国皮尤研究中心主导的一项研究表明,在13岁至17岁的美国青少年中,只有51%的人称自己使用FacebookhmDM8YVvxy%&6n。与2015年相比,这一数字大幅下降,当时该年龄段的青少年中有71%的人使用社交平台FacebookRn2hce^wYkD

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研究发现,YouTube目前是最受青少年喜爱的互联网服务平台,85%的青少年表示使用这款软件+GZAajQd.fA|FlnxZB3。排名第二的是Instagram,占比72%,而Instagram隶属于FacebookH4dHT]Z~k#X8KY,(97uo

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69%的青少年表示,他们使用Snapchat,32%的青少年使用Twitteru)bP_BgV*K4W@*。而使用Tumblr或Reddit的青少年不到10%]R01F47jZH-),kg+[v1H

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今年3月,皮尤的另一项研究发现,68%的成年人表示自己是Facebook用户QhNUzJVB)a。其中74%的人表示每天都会使用Facebook+uDV1XSh|WrJX1I。约半数的成年人每天会频繁地使用FacebookOm,.ILE7QV

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美国青少年:Facebook不再是主流.jpg

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这项最新研究的结果是基于2018年3月和4月对743名青少年和1000多名家长采访后得出的!EFYh@hK;Sri,Jz6JY

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研究还发现,95%的青少年表示拥有智能手机或者使用智能手机的渠道A)Ht7_dN[7vxgR。与2015年的一项类似研究相比,该数据增加了22%Q4lxPjA%bfH%8c.&vOy

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当被问及最常用的社交软件时,35%的青少年认为是Snapchatk~eBvP0RN=lc.9!。约32%的人表示最喜欢使用YouTube,而15%的人认为使用Instagram超过其他社交软件vGoegP[=t@KgDy)u%

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皮尤研究中心的研究发现,总的来说,来自不同经济和种族背景的青少年喜欢同一类服务软件iuuRY8Pk4g0M]hEM

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不过,研究人员还是发现了一些差异_so82ipDB0)x

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例如,在家庭年收入低于3万美元的青少年中,约70%的人表示自己用Facebook,而在那些家庭年收入超7.5万美元的青少年中,只有36%的人表示自己使用Facebookiz4j#DEk7J;tm)*@k#

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男性和女性也存在一些差异HiJj5+jEPFSlr+8。研究发现,约42%的女孩称,最常用的是社交软件是Snapchat,而男孩只占29%#Su.K*AJrK=。更多的男性称最常用的软件是YouTube,占比39%,而女性只占25%_kP&1hCz=,h(aOaSJPU

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皮尤的最新研究还证实了一项早期研究——大多数青少年喜欢花时间玩游戏h~d)y9R*m(Cd3tY。当被问及是否用电脑、游戏机或手机玩游戏时,90%的人给出了肯定答案UFX&Fi6w%fj])tAX

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市场研究公司eMarketer在年初的一份报告中指出,Facebook年轻用户的流失速度超出专家预期Tx!6o6wU@!。该公司的研究表明,2018年,在12岁到17岁的美国互联网用户中,每月至少登录一次Facebook的人数不足一半IX+Gr6UNBZ

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市场调研公司eMarketer还指出,年轻用户甚至会在2018年注销Facebook账户z]~RmLwZ+jZnwTdZrI。预计,11岁以下的年轻用户将减少9%^=U~c30Qu;z_x*3RUb。该公司表示,预计2018年,Facebook将损失多达200万名不足24岁的年轻用户paTfaPDqX]ld3k9TgJ2

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该公司还预测,2018年,约160万年龄不满24岁的年轻用户将加入Facebook旗下的InstagramYAb=vp3m;m(1|ofS。但该公司表示,预计还有190万人将转而使用Snapchat|~1m(uqJs-L3w]#Ujy

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • identifiedadj. 被识别的;经鉴定的;被认同者 v. 鉴定(id
  • confusedadj. 困惑的;混乱的;糊涂的 v. 困惑(confu
  • popularadj. 流行的,大众的,通俗的,受欢迎的
  • socialadj. 社会的,社交的 n. 社交聚会
  • majorityn. 多数,大多数,多数党,多数派 n. 法定年龄
  • disagreev. 不一致,有分歧,不适应,不适宜
  • devicen. 装置,设计,策略,设备
  • confirmedadj. 习惯的,积习的,确认过的,证实的 动词conf