VOA常速(翻译+字幕+讲解):母乳库可拯救多物种新生儿
日期:2018-06-10 20:36

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Five-month-old aardvark Windsel is still nursing from his mother at the Cincinnati Zoo. Every Friday when Winsel begins to feed, zoo staffers draw several milliliters of his mother’s milk from the available nipples without disturbing the baby. The samples are sent to the Exotic Animal Milk Repository at the Smithsonian’s National Zoo in Washington D.C.
This allows us to determine what basis of the milk, what’s in it and if it changes and how it changes in the formulation over time. Artificial recipes tailored for specific periods in the nursing cycle for species is critical for zoos trying to hand raise a newborn animal that’s unable to feed from its mother.
We have sent them, you know, gorilla milk samples, hippo milk samples and now aardvark milk samples so this will increase the base knowledge that they have which not only can help us but also all other Zoological facilities around the world.

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The repository has some 15000 samples from 185 species sent in by zoos across the country but it last received aardvark milk in 1992.There’s not that many aardvarks in captivity around and especially being bred and especially where we’re the keepers and everything have had interactions with the animal so that you can know you can do this.
While Windsel is thriving on his own, data from the National Milk Repository helped another newborn in Cincinnati. There was a baby Fiona, a hippo born at Cincinnati Zoo and she was unfortunately born prematurely.
She couldn’t even basically stand on her feet and therefore she couldn’t nurse from her mother, they sent the milk to us so that we could analyze it so that we could sent that information back to their nutritionist so that their nutrition staff and keeper staff could come up with a formula that was as close as possible to be able to fit mother’s milk for Fiona. The young hippo is alive and well and a star attraction at the zoo.
For writer Faiza Elmasry, I’m Faith Lapidus, VOA News.

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VOA英文文本来自51VOA,译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载;U~%uy*fZnU

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重点解析

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1. Artificial recipe tailored for specific periods in the nursing cycle for species is critical for zoos

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tailor for 为……量身定做

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They had a special suit tailored for him and tested him on his motorcycle proficiency, earning him wings for his uniform.
他们为他定做了一套专门的制服,测试了他的摩托车能力,给他在制服上佩戴了一枚飞行章P4KqTsY.P^TgKFSu!g=x

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2. There’s not that many aardvarks in captivity around and especially being bred and especially where we’re the keepers

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in captivity 人工喂养

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The fact that dolphins in captivity experience ongoing stress adds to questions about the validity of studies of physiological processes that are intimately connected with the animals' well-being.
人工豢养的海豚长期经受压力这一事实,使得研究海豚生理学过程的正当性受到质疑,而这与海豚的身心健康息息相关v4j53EAH0C%)

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参考翻译

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5个月大的食蚁兽Windsel还需要母亲的照料,它们一同在辛辛那提动物园生活Ry(M[s4L@uPp3*;*uhg*。每周五,Winsel要开始进食的时候,动物园的工作人员都会从它妈妈的乳头抽取几毫升母乳,不会惊动Winselg~O8mm;mfY。这些样本会被送往珍奇动物母乳库,它位于华盛顿特区的史密森国家动物园cGop!)!7Qv,!R#
通过样本,我们可以确定母乳的基本成分是什么、具体包含什么、是否会发生改变、成分随着时间的改变方式是怎样的Z4d4D=XV^+。哺育期间,为特定时期量身定做的人工食谱对于许多动物园来说都至关重要,因为有一些新生动物无法通过母乳喂养+t(3SlS9#ta
我们已经寄送了很多样本,比如大猩猩的母乳样本、河马的母乳样本,现在又有了食蚁兽的母乳样本@Uv1MuyY!2+M9L.,。通过这种方式,我们可以增加基础知识W25xSpxS!JogE|]J。这既可以帮助我们自己,也可以帮助全球各地的其他动物园,SvyJqub#zYr
动物母乳库里已经有近1.5万个来自185个物种的母乳样本了,这些样本都是全国各地的各个动物园送来的pT@i)Wh-NkS,]ttH79X。上一次收到食蚁兽的样本是在1992年zwgGvP1fsr[。人工驯养的食蚁兽并不多,无法接受母乳喂养的人工驯养食蚁兽就更少了e!]c;(ht,A4(tfF。这个过程要跟动物有很多的互动,这样才能胜任人工喂养的工作Y1_u6P[7_(=zLo
虽然Windsel是靠母乳喂养的,但珍奇动物母乳库的数据帮助到了辛辛那提的一个新生儿3jfrfy[!D0(x。这个新生儿名为菲奥纳,它是辛辛那提动物园的一只河马宝宝#MzBMsX=|cGk2_SP87k2。不幸的是,她提早出生了@#G=)_DWLUS;H
她连站都站不起来,所以也就无法得到母亲的母乳喂养!GYI=c57v2cnRCa。他们将Windsel妈妈的母乳送给了我们,这样我们就能分析其成分gn=u8-+K^Qlhsn2,@Jq。我们分析后,会将结果送回给它们的营养师,便于营养师和养殖人员找到配方,代替菲奥纳妈妈的母乳htCD5rFrg=;V。现在,菲奥纳生龙活虎,已经成了该动物园里的活宝sKLQwdLj=6W4*46c
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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