CNN双语新闻(翻译+字幕+讲解):匈牙利大选移民成主要议题 肯尼亚惊现巨大裂缝
日期:2018-06-08 10:30

(单词翻译:单击)

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正文文本

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AZUZ: The issue of immigration also factors into our next story from the Central European nation of Hungary. It held a general election Sunday that's expected to give the nation's incumbent leader, Prime Minister Viktor Orban another term. He and his political party had campaigned on anti-immigration platform. They've had enough support in the government to make major changes to Hungary's laws, increasing governmental control over the media, the bank, the high court and outside organizations.
Hungary is part of the European Union, a political and economic partnership of 28 European countries, but E.U. leaders are concerned that Hungary's democracy is being weakened by its increasingly powerful government.
PHIL BLACK, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Hungarian politics may not be on your radar, but this E.U. country is starting to drift away from the West, and back into Russia's sphere of influence.
This is Hungary's Prime Minister Viktor Orban. Back in 1989, he was calling for Soviet troops to leave the country.
Fast forward, almost 30 years, and here he is, one of Russian President Vladimir Putin's closest allies.
So, how did Orban go from pro-Western activist to Russian ally?
Orban, like Putin, has consolidated control of the country's media. And Orban, like Putin, has cracked down on nongovernmental organizations. Russia's influence can be seen in other ways, too.
Back in 2014, Moscow made a $10.8 billion to Hungary. Ostensibly, it was to fund the expansion of Hungary's only nuclear Soviet era power plant.
But critics said it would only increase Hungary's dependence on Russia. The deal was finally given the go-ahead by the E.U. this year. Orban's government stands by its record and denies any Russian influence.
ZOLTAN KOVACS, GOVERNMENT SPOKESPERSON: There's not one element of our policies and not one element of our decisions that can suggest to you that we are closer to Russia and Mr. Putin in any way that any Western European country.

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肯尼亚惊现巨大裂缝.jpg

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AZUZ: It's one thing to patch up a crack in the wall, the floor, or the driveway. But what do you do about this?
The crack in the earth is more than 50 feet wide in some places and 50 feet deep, and it reportedly followed heavy rains and some ground vibration last month in the Eastern African country of Kenya.
Scientists say this is evidence of plate tectonics, the theory that giant chunks of the earth's crust and upper mantle are slowly shifting and breaking in some places. One area where two such plates are thought to meet is the East African Rift, and that's near where there is going on.
So, does this mean that part of the African continent will eventually break off? Maybe. But it's probably nothing for us to worry about.
If this is part of a breakup between the East African Rift and the rest of the continent, scientists say it won't be complete for tens of millions of years.

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参考译文

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阿祖兹:下面来关注匈牙利,移民问题在这个中欧国家也是重要问题CXj!YnjqW~2uBV8w-。周日,匈牙利举行大选,预计匈牙利现任领导人欧尔班·维克托总理将获得连任Y-5^~TSn-aTS4S-,+。他及其所在政党在竞选时宣扬反移民政策]8Lm8mru5YHh%-。他们已经得到了政府内部的足够支持,可以对匈牙利的法律进行重大改动,增加政府对媒体、银行、高级法院和外部组织的控制l^ta+bW2v*.LfSY6W
匈牙利是欧盟成员国,欧盟是由28个欧洲国家组成的政治经济联盟,不过欧盟领导人担心匈牙利日益强大的政府会削弱其民主制L[v=H=+~n,p[Os|
CNN国际记者菲尔·布莱克:大家可能并没有关注匈牙利的政治局势,但是这个欧盟成员国已经开始背离西方体制,重返俄罗斯的势力范围C]Nq~(yHl2|#]
匈牙利总理是欧尔班·维克托x;VHXrM]7KM,。1989年时,他曾呼吁苏联军队离开匈牙利ugR^l-;l-Lm2N
时间快进到近30年后的今天,他成为了俄罗斯总统弗拉基米尔·普京最亲密的盟友之一]MYGBBG5=k
那欧尔班是如何从亲西方派活动人士转变为俄罗斯盟友的?
和普京一样,欧尔班也控制着国家媒体U#tlI8[*r_8rfop=。另外,和普京一样,欧尔班也镇压了非政府组织OvYE%Nb%vnd_N&t。俄罗斯的影响力还体现在其他方面ZRxV]y0%,u+q
2014年时,莫斯科向匈牙利投资108亿美元7O_!0yKsA,bcWSg,mHP。表面上,这笔资金用于扩建匈牙利唯一一座苏联时期的核电站ktl2qmLnVd8O#G
但是批评人士认为,这只会增加匈牙利对俄罗斯的依赖程度dg(@czE4y;LDNkn。这项交易最终在今年获得了欧盟的批准|(j09]WX!E3[SNA=X。欧尔班领导的政府坚持其决定并否认俄罗斯的影响力8r]%hfxVk.
匈牙利政府发言人佐尔丹·卡瓦奇斯:我们的政策和决定没有任何一个要素会说明,相比于西方欧洲国家,我们与俄罗斯和普京先生更亲近s0k8N=~(q8
阿祖兹:墙面、地板或车道上出现裂缝可以进行修补[Oi@4JHk=F_6mY-。可是下面这种情况要怎么处理?
陆地上出现了一条裂缝,一些地区的裂缝超过50英尺宽、50英尺深,据报道这条裂缝是在强降雨和上个月东非国家肯尼亚发生了地面振动之后出现的*=#Q^7Zm71gv.V
科学家表示,这是板块运动的证据,理论是:地球表面的巨型板块和上地幔缓慢移动并在一些地方发生碰撞vRnnE*NdC^~[D。两个板块相互碰撞的其中一个地区是东非大峡谷,该地距离出现裂缝的地区很近lYZ.ca=O*h
这是否意味着非洲大陆这一地区最终将断裂?可能会T;A^j5Y[LeEviN.*_CwZ。但是对我们来说没什么可担心的s.oSe+04|*Jg*=JvmX~
科学家表示,如果这是东非大峡谷在与非洲大陆其他地方分裂,那整个分裂过程至少需要数千万年的时间r+Dqq.ZlQLTW)twenQ

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译文属可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载

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重点讲解

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重点讲解:
1. crack down on 严厉打击;镇压;
例句:At the end of last year the government introduced a new attempt to crack down on trafficking.
去年年底政府采取新措施打击人口贩卖#QhMDuXZkh
2. stand by 坚持,遵守,信守(原有的决定、承诺或宣言) ;
例句:He continues to insist that all he wrote in the book is nothing but the truth, and that he will stand by his word.
他仍坚持说,他在书里写的全都是事实,他会信守自己说过的话[~jyErzw~EY
3. patch up 修理;修补;
例句:We can patch up those holes.
我们可以修补这些破洞~mLZEwbGcK1gS
4. break off 折断;(使)断开;
例句:The two wings of the aircraft broke off on impact.
飞机的两个机翼遭受撞击折断了UPfRK1oXZQYEGVJYNB0

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重点单词
  • platformn. 平台,站台,月台,讲台,(政党的)政纲
  • evidencen. 根据,证据 v. 证实,证明
  • crackv. 崩溃,失去控制,压碎,使裂开,破解,开玩笑 n.
  • eventuallyadv. 终于,最后
  • expansionn. 扩大,膨胀,扩充
  • issuen. 发行物,期刊号,争论点 vi. & vt 发行,流
  • primeadj. 最初的,首要的,最好的,典型的 n. 青春,壮
  • driftvi. 漂流,漂移,漂泊,吹积,偏离 vt. 使漂流,使
  • correspondentn. 通讯记者,通信者 adj. 与 ... 一致的,相
  • vibrationn. 震动,颤动