VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):独自用餐不利于身体健康
日期:2018-05-31 15:18

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Benefits of Eating Together

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From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.

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We all need to eat. So, meals could be a chance to stop what we're doing and spend time with the people in our lives.

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But sometimes they are not.

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It does not matter if a person is married or single; is a parent or not; is working or retired. From time to time, we all eat last-minute meals alone. And, of course, eating alone at home or at a restaurant can be a very satisfying experience.

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However, could eating too many meals alone be bad for our health or affect our future success?

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Several studies show that it might for some people.

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A recent study from a team of South Korean researchers suggests that frequently eating alone may lead to poor eating habits and poor food choices.

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Specifically, the study found that men who ate alone more than twice a week had a greater risk of developing high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.

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Benefits of family dinners on children and teenagers

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For children, eating with their families is not only about preventing bad outcomes – it is also about developing good ones.

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Several studies have looked at the long-term effects eating with families has on a child. Experts say that these studies do not seem to prove a cause-and-effect relationship. However, they do suggest a strong correlation, or link.

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In 2014, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) looked at data from nearly three-quarters of the world's countries. Among its findings was the fact that students who shared a main meal with their families were less likely to skip school.

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Children who eat a main meal with their families are also less likely to abuse drugs and alcohol.

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That was a finding of a study by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University in New York. The 2012 CASA report found that "family dinners were strongly linked to teen substance use prevention."

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In the report, titled "The Importance of Family Dinners (VIII)," researchers say that "teens who have frequent family dinners are more likely to say their parents know a lot about what's...going on in their lives ..."

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They also claim that when teens say they feel closer to their parents, they are less likely to use drugs and alcohol.

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Another study from the University of Montreal found that children who ate with their families experience long-term physical and mental health benefits. These children were physically in better shape and drank fewer sugary soft drinks. These children also seemed to have better social skills and self-reported that they were less aggressive.

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One of the researchers involved in this study is a professor of psychoeducation at the university.

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Linda Pagani says that there is "a handful of research suggesting a positive link between eating family meals together frequently and child and adolescent health."

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Pagani says that mealtimes shared with parents "likely provide young children with firsthand social interaction, discussions of social issues and day-to-day concerns." She adds that they may likely help the child have better communications skills with others.

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Ways to eat together more

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If you find too many of your mealtimes to be lonely events, experts at the Mental Health Foundation in the U.K. suggest making small changes.

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Its website says to make room for at least one shared meal a week. And keep it simple. Even if dinner is a salad and a sandwich, it is still time for a family to be together.

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If mornings are less busy than evenings, start by making breakfast your shared meal.

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If you live alone, reach out to those in your social circle or neighborhood. Once a month potluck dinners where everyone brings a dish could be an easy way to start.

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If you work in an office, step out with a co-worker for a bite to eat every once in a while, instead of eating at your desk every day.

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Or you could simply schedule time in your week to share a cup of coffee or tea with a friend.

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And that's the Health & Lifestyle report.

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I'm Anna Matteo.

重点解析

1.skip school 逃学;旷课

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He agreed to skip school and go with the boys to the beach.

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他同意翘课和那些男孩到海边去U091jXA.(fyrB]C~E

2.instead of 代替

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Instead of tea or coffee, drink water to quench your thirst

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渴了喝水,别喝茶或咖啡=P@6rW46er+

3.social circle 社交圈

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Oxford's social circle was far too liberal for her taste.

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牛津的社交圈过于开放,不合她的胃口==_@nG^UURgSeVqg(6f

4.From time to time 不时;偶尔

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Her daughters visited him from time to time when he was ill.

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他生病的时候她的女儿们时常去探望他eYmtMukqu]E2J

5.Linda Pagani says that there is "a handful of research suggesting a positive link between eating family meals together frequently and child and adolescent health."

a handful of 少量的;少数的

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Only a handful of firms offer share option schemes to all their employees.

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只有少数几家公司向所有员工提供股票期权方案SQF1dFelZwL@|mF%[m3

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A handful of onlookers stand in the field watching.

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少数几个旁观者站在现场观看!%~71-Jq4Hzw

6.If you work in an office, step out with a co-worker for a bite to eat every once in a while, instead of eating at your desk every day.

once in a while 偶尔;有时

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He comes to our room for a chat every once in a while.

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他偶尔来我们房中闲谈GJu~)3Qlngb1HB8Ou8

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I guess everyone broods over things once in a while.

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我猜想每个人都会不时地琢磨一些事情k!6y@VOfc[h#w2[J3

参考译文

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独自用餐不利于身体健康

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这里是VOA慢速英语健康生活报道Jc|1lr,Q=F!JPqM)[F

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民以食为天e95n-T|iGJIoDiS。因此,用餐可能是一个机会,让你停下手头工作与周遭的人聚在一起1S,oLqhhNK#J1X

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但是,有时候情况并非如此xWiL^Z@olgrq^HPNTI+X

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无论你已婚或单身、是否为人父母、上班还是退休,这些都无关紧要K0)b7DL*up5lz。有时,我们都会全程独自用餐v6XP~-.Q-X~I+9Ojhmb。当然,在家里或在餐馆独自用餐是非常愉悦的体验TgqNj5yDyd

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不过,一直独自用餐对健康有害吗?是否对未来的成功有影响?

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多项研究证明,对某些人群来说,的确如此GdgHC#7RFB5l

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最近,韩国研究团队的一项研究表明,独自用餐可能会导致不良的饮食习惯和糟糕的食物选择7I3Cdp8*wAA&rU+hpO*

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具体来说, 研究发现, 每周有两次以上独自用餐的的男性患高血压、高胆固醇和糖尿病的风险更大Rr9Yz|SR,!AZ8g

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家庭聚餐有益儿童和青少年成长

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独自用餐不利于身体健康.jpg

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对儿童来说,与家人一起用餐不仅能预防不良的影响,还可以培养良好的习惯9oDGOlptVFb]VG

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多项研究观察了与家人用餐对孩子的长远影响WmKDS,eirCQX;tFW。专家指出,这些研究似乎无法证明二者之间的因果联系qvZ@C8RYxv。但是,研究的确显示出强烈的关联性Riss8VWIX|0_X,NV#0

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2014年, 经济合作与发展组织 (经合组织) 研究了全球约四分之三的国家的数据06-i.HWhZ5^RT@。其中一项研究发现,与家人一起用餐的学生逃学概率更小PT1#[r7H^FW)4

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与家人一起用餐的儿童滥用毒品和酗酒的概率也更低cKs(EyP;U%DlI

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这是纽约哥伦比亚大学国家成瘾与药物滥用中心 (CASA) 的一项研究结果19eEYXnv-N@Zz[_。2012年,该中心的报告发现:“家庭聚餐与预防青少年药物滥用有非常密切的联系fkJxF!;_CuDvnkk。”

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在标题为《家庭聚餐的重要性》的报告中,研究人员指出,“经常组织聚餐的家庭,他们的父母可能会对孩子生活的各方面了解得更多g5;PJ2H_W;h%OpY

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他们还表示,如果青少年感觉与父母的关系亲近,就不大可能会滥用药物和酗酒p]@GIa1eO!vhKh|V1A

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蒙特利尔大学的另一项研究发现, 和家人一起用餐对儿童的身心健康有着深远的影响QIH0Dc,;5IBxETU=。通常,这些儿童的身体发育会更好, 含糖饮料也较少饮用QK(T1Ueh~3lPha%PPOf。这些儿童的社交、自述能力更加娴熟,没有那么野蛮d6.2-A])P]vYIeLGLD_

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参与该研究的人员包括一位大学心理教育学教授(.JvS(L&r5VHXMB

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琳达.帕加尼(Linda Pagani)称,少量的研究表明,与家人一起用餐的频率与儿童和青少年的健康成正比5Z|]DZYtEy1Ap

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帕加尼说,与父母一起用餐很可能为孩子提供直接参与社交互动、讨论社会话题和家常的机会+mv#;!iofTT1uG&。她补充说,父母可能会帮助孩子提高与他人交流的技巧([TnbgQs+joeY)j_^;u

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增加一起进餐次数的途径

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如果你发现自己独自用餐的次数过多,英国心里健康基金会的专家建议做出一点改变zk!.gVg7VLG]-M0s

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英国心理健康基金会网站建议,一周至少抽时间与他人一起用餐一次5GVc4lYe(v(Gcx@S_l。聚餐可以随性一些BR1j,a&_XMhR+w。即使晚餐是沙拉加三明治,也不会妨碍一家人一起聚餐Y_Ij@Ec^teFNweG

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如果早上的时间比晚上充裕,可以将早餐作为聚餐时间;8wV[mf)&KgtrH^f

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如果你独居,可以找社交圈的好友或邻居一起用餐|WPyS0Ttm+NXh。可以从简单的开始,每月举办一次“百乐餐”——每人各带一道菜)]E;A%zE~I4(A_i

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如果你是上班族,可以和同事一起聚餐,而不是每天独自坐在办公桌前用餐;8rSrbw@7SIxLD)-

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或者你还可以在周内约朋友一起喝杯咖啡或者茶xuJ_k6wR^4

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以上为健康生活报道的全部内容+qCJy!vS%)i

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安娜·马特奥为您播报f41di%|J9MTFp#N-XvX

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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